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  1. Important Work: The British 1820 Survey that Charted the Gulf for the First Time

    ... Magdalena Peszko Map Curator, British Library Until the 19th century, European powers considered much of the Gulf coastline to be hazardous, but the 1820 survey recorded vital details that contributed to later British involvement in the region. Until the ...

  2. The Singing Sailor, Salim Rashid Suri: A Ṣawt Musician from Oman

    ... Rolf Killius Curator of Oral and Musical Cultures, British Library Salim Rashid Suri, an Omani ṣawt singer and oud player became famous as the ‘singing sailor’ and for developing a truly unique style, which took influence from musical sources across the M ...

  3. British Government Resist Modernisation of the Pearling Industry

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library Britain’s decision to prohibit the use of modern diving suits and cultured pearls on the Gulf’s pearl banks was intended to preserve the region’s pearling industry, yet ultimately contributed to its s ...

  4. From the Individual to the Archetypal: ‘Abd al-Ghaffār’s Edited Photographic Portraits

    ... Anna Canby Monk Visual Arts Curator, British Library The removal of original backgrounds and inscriptions reveals a tension between the photographers ‘Abd al-Ghaffār and Snouck Hurgronje in terms of their process, approach to and outlook on photography. ‘ ...

  5. The Death of Captain Shakespear

    ... Daniel A. Lowe Gulf History and Arabic Language Specialist, British Library A little known first-hand account, that the British Agents in Bahrain garnered by chance, sheds light on William Henry Irvine Shakespear’s death. Captain William Henry Irvine Shak ...

  6. Why Were So Many of the Greek-Arabic Translators Christians?

    ... Bink Hallum Arabic Scientific Manuscripts Curator, British Library An enormous effort was made to translate almost all known Greek literature into Arabic during the 8th to 10th centuries, and Baghdad was at the centre of this work. Why was it that so many ...

  7. ‘Islamic Style’ Binding: A Misleading Term Ripe for Further Research

    ... Flavio Marzo ACR Conservation Studio Manager, British Library ‘Islamic’ and ‘Western’ are terms used to describe different styles of binding but experts agree that much further research is required to create more meaningful categories. ‘Islamic’ and ‘West ...

  8. al-Bīrūnī: a high point in the Development of Islamic Astronomy

    ... Prof. Julio Samso Emeritus Professor of Arabic and Islamic Studies, The University of Barcelona al-Bīrūnī’s Qānūn is the most complete astronomical encyclopedia of the Middle Ages. It represents the most successful attempt to correct and rewrite Ptolemy’s ...

  9. Nazi Propaganda in Sharjah during World War II

    ... Louis Allday Gulf History and Arabic Language Specialist, British Library Sharjah 1940, and Nazi radio broadcasts in Arabic filled the air, stirring pro-German sentiment amongst the town’s inhabitants – and provoking consternation amongst British official ...

  10. Telegraphs and Typewriters: The Impact of Technology on Bookkeeping at Bushire

    ... to be re-transmitted a dozen or more times en route – often by operators with no knowledge of English – telegraphic ...

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