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  1. Bahrain’s Economy: Buffeted between Pearls and Oil

    ... economy between the World Wars? By the 1920s, the ancient trade in pearls, though still the foundation ... decades? Trade Deficit Some answers can be found in the ‘Trade and Commerce’ files produced by Britain’s ... trade, in part simply because its other exports, such as building materials, cereals, fuels, and shells, ...

  2. Frankincense in Dhofar: An Ancient Trade at the Centre of 19th Century Tensions

    ... Francis Owtram In recognising the importance of the trade, British colonial records cast light on the state of the ancient trade in Frankincense in the Dhofar region at the end of the 19th century, as well ... because frankincense has been traded in the region since ancient times. 81055/vdc_100023443160.0x00006f ...

  3. Foundation of an Empire: The East India Company’s Early Trade in Silk and Wool

    ... over time, it was initially a matter of textile trading with Persia that first lured them to the shores ... time, it was initially a matter of trade with Persia that first invited them to the shores of the Gulf. The trade in textiles would provide them with the key. An early nineteenth-century depiction of the richness ...

  4. Economy in Turmoil: Gulf Trade Hit by Piracy and Famine

    ... expansion in the value of trade in the region as well as political upheaval and crisis caused by famine. ... trade, as this would benefit Great Britain and its empire. The picture in his early tenure was extremely positive. Trade was expanding rapidly. Merchants were transporting goods through the region. Output ...

  5. The Indigo Trade in the Gulf in the Nineteenth Century

    ... and traded indigo for many centuries. The vivid blue pigment is produced from the Indigofera genus of plants, ... production and trade monopolised by Great Britain. Shipwrecked and Destitute Seamen A series of letters ... of the missing goods. Trade (Practice) Arabian Peninsula Muscat Commerce and Communication ...

  6. A Brief History of the English East India Company 1600–1858

    ... of London merchants, which in 1600 had been granted a royal charter conferring the monopoly of English trade ... known as ‘factors’ were left behind at trading posts to negotiate with local merchants for the sale ... and Basra. From Trading Company to Military Power The East India Company developed beyond a purely commercial ...

  7. Muscat and the Monsoon

    ... the centuries. Before the era of steamships, a hugely significant factor affecting life and trade in this region ... and Indian Ocean area for millennia, contributing to trade that in turn led to an intermingling of peoples and the creation of an Indian Ocean cultural network. Monsoon System Unlike the trade winds, which blow ...

  8. How the American Civil War Caused a Boom in Cotton in Persia

    ... the reliance on good relations between the British Resident and the Persian Authorities. In order for trade ... Gulf in 1872, the famine was so severe that the Persian cotton trade had all but halted. The market ... with the British Empire. Trade (Practice) Trade Statistics Lewis Pelly Persian Gulf Political Residency Bushire ...

  9. The Political Residency, Bushire

    ... as a factory, in the Gulf from which to conduct trade with Persia. In 1763, it finally established a base which ... the East India Company sought a secure base, known as a factory, from which to conduct trade with Persia. ... for trade in the form of exemptions from export and import duties and protection for Company personnel ...