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'Memorandum on the Turkish claim to sovereignty over the eastern shores of the Red Sea and the whole of Arabia; and on the Egyptian claim to the whole of the western shore of the same sea, including the African coast from Suez to Cape Guardafui.' [‎7v] (14/70)

The record is made up of 35 folios. It was created in 10 Mar 1874. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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10
pany with Sultan Mahomed bin Mohummed of
Tadjoura, by which it was agreed, among other
things, that the Sultan of Tadjoura would endeavour
to do all in his power to introduce produce into
the interior States of Eiffat, Shoa, and Abyssinia,
and that, in return, the authorities at Aden would
endeavour to encourage interior export trade through
Tadjoura.
The Sultan of Tadjoura also promised not to
enter into any Treaty with any European or other
Power, political or commercial, which might be
detrimental or injurious to British interests, with
out first bringing it to the notice of the British
authorities at Aden ; and, in return, the East India
Company promised " that they would act in no
manner which might have an evil tendency towards
the States of Tadjoura."
At the time of the conclusion of this Treaty a
Deed of Sale of the Island of Mussa (or Mushahh)
was granted by the Sultan of Tadjoura to the British
Government for ten bags of rice.
As these islands (Mussa and another one Aybat)
are those which the Egyptian Government are
anxious that the British Government should vacate
in their favour, it may be useful to give an account
of the circumstances under which they came into
the possession of the English, as well as a short
account of Tadjoura and Zeyla, whose Chiefs con
cluded the Treaty with Captain Moresby for the
cession of the islands.
In July 1840 the political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Aden received
orders from the East India Company in London
to send a ship of war to the Bay of Tadjoura;
Captain Moresby was the officer selected and the
result of his mission, on which he was accompanied
by Sheikh Shumarkee, Sheikh of Berbereh,- and
Hadjee Abdool Russool British Agent at Mocha, is
thus given by him in his official Report:—
" Forty-eight hours after our arrival at Tadjoura, I
came to a speedy settlement on board the f Sesostris/
with the Sultan of that place. Chief of the Donkalee
tribes, by entering into a Treaty with him, and
purchasing an island or islands (for they are two
joined together), called Massarah, for which I gave
him 1,100 German crowns, and thirty-two bags of rice,
besides other presents of small value. The sale of
the island is not mentioned in the Treaty, but drawn

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Content

Memorandum prepared by Edward Hertlset, Foreign Office Librarian, on 5 March 1874 (printed by the Foreign Office 10 March 1874). The document gives a historical overview (from 1517 to 1874) of claims on the Red Sea coast, with particular focus on those of the Ottoman Turks and the Egyptians. It discusses attempts by the French, Italians and Americans to gain a foothold in the region. It ends with a summary of things as they stand, with political and commercial considerations, as well as those of the slave trade.

Hertslet quotes extensively from his sources, notes on which appear in the left-hand margin.

Extent and format
35 folios
Arrangement

At the beginning (folios 1-2) there is a table of reference to facts and dates, with reference to the printed page number.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the sequence commences at the first folio and terminates at the last folio; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A second foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 1-34; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the bottom right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: The booklet also contains an original typed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'Memorandum on the Turkish claim to sovereignty over the eastern shores of the Red Sea and the whole of Arabia; and on the Egyptian claim to the whole of the western shore of the same sea, including the African coast from Suez to Cape Guardafui.' [‎7v] (14/70), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B8, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023282030.0x00000f> [accessed 17 February 2020]

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