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'Historical Summary of Events in the Persian Gulf Shaikhdoms and the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman, 1928-1953' [‎8v] (21/222)

The record is made up of 1 volume (107 folios). It was created in c 1953. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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(ii) It is undesirable to attempt to bring the Shaikhdoms more closdy under
the control of His Majesty's Government, but Hs Majesty s
Government being responsible for the foreign relations ot
Shaikhdoms have both the right to intervene to P reve ^ s ^ lous
maladministration and to ensure that their international commitments
are carried out, and the obligation to assist generally in the development
of their administrative systems. , i , r . a tu*
(in) The internal independence of the Shaikhdoms should be fosteied to the
greatest possible extent. Although the goal of complete independence
may not be obtainable in the near future it should not be lost sight ot
as the ultimate purpose. ,u f .
(iv) It is the function of His Majesty's Government to encourage the reroims
for which a demand is likely to arise and to ensure that they develop
on sound lines.('") . .
These views applied chiefly to Bahrain and Kuwait and m some
respects to Qatar. A separate pronouncement was made regarding the
Trucial States (chapter 5, paragraph 8).
12. Sir Roger Makins in his report on the visit which he paid to the Persian
Gulf in 1952 expressed the opinion that Her Majesty's Government must, in the
absence of any satisfactory alternative, maintain their position in the Gulf and that
this policy could be carried out in the following way: —
" (i) by maintaining close personal relationships between the political
representatives and the Rulers;
(ii) by making sure that we are consulted in the appointment ol British
(hi) by maintaining our judicial functions and ensuring that they are
adequately discharged;
(iv) by our willingness to spend money on such things as the Trucial Oman
Levies which demonstrate that we intend to stay and to adopt a
positive policy;
(v) by our readiness to give responsibility in all internal matters (and possibly
in some matters of foreign relations as well) to the local administrations
as they become capable of taking it;
(vi) at the same time by maintaining our protection and, as a result, our right
to intervene in the last resort in the case of gross maladmini
stration.'^ 21 )
13. In the instructions issued to the new Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in 1953 the
following policy was laid down: —
(i) Her Majesty's Government should maintain the traditional position of
Great Britain in the Gulf and continue to fulfil the obligations which
they have assumed in that area.
(ii) Her Majesty's Government should exert sufficient influence in the
Shaikhdoms to ensure that there is no conflict between the policies of
the Rulers and their own policies.
(iii) Where appropriate Her Majesty's Government will endeavour to advance
the internal independence of the Shaikhdoms.
(iv) Her Majesty's Government' will not oppose any political or economic
association between the Shaikhdoms provided it is consistent with the
policies defined under (i) and (ii) above. In the Trucial States a
common administration would appear to be highly desirable.
(v) The intrusion of the direct influence of other Powers into the Shaikhdoms
is unwelcome. In particular, the extension of the influence of the Arab
League countries must be resisted.
(vi) It is essential to harmonise United States and British policy without
sacrificing the paramount British position. The closest personal
relations must be maintained in the Gulf States between the British and
United States official, service and business communities.
(vii) It is essential to foster the closest relations between British officials and
the members of the ruling families. Special effort must also be made
to keep in touch with opinion in all classes of society.
(viii) The expenditure and investment of the Ruler's incomes is a matter of
direct interest to Her Majesty's Government.
( 20 ) F.O. to P.R. Despatch 48 (EA 1511 /1) of April 2, 1951.
( 21 ) Para. 24 at p. 11. Sir R. Makins' report.

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The document provides historical information on the region during the period in question and, following a section on general matters, has separate sections on Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, the Trucial States, and Muscat

Extent and format
1 volume (107 folios)

There is a table of contents at the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at 1 on the front cover and terminates at 109 on the back cover. These numbers are written in pencil, are enclosed in a circle, and appear in the top right hand corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. page of each folio. The foliation sequence continues into the separate volume of appendices and genealogical tables - IOR/R/15/1/731(2).

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English in Latin script
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'Historical Summary of Events in the Persian Gulf Shaikhdoms and the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman, 1928-1953' [‎8v] (21/222), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/731(1), in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 24 February 2020]

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