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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1684] (201/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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in 1881,and
of Shaikh
Miz'al Khan
at Muham-
on an extensive trade with Masqat and Bombay, by which means " and
by wise investments in land, principally in Turkey, he gradually acquired
a large fortune and the influence that money brings/' The tact and
moderation which he generally displayed in his dealings with the Persian
Government, combined with the natural strength of his position, enabled
him to maintain to the end an effective independence of them in matters
of internal administration.
Shaikh Jabir left, at his death, only two sons capable of succeeding
him ; these were Muhammad Khan and Miz'al Khan, already mention
ed. There was also a son Khaz/al, who was at the time too young to he
a competitor for the Shaikhship; and another, named Salman, if still
alive, was dull and unambitious. Shaikh Jabir himself seems to have
hesitated in the choice of his successor. Both Muhammad Khan and
Miz'al Khan were accounted good fighting men; and in ability and
popularity there was, perhaps, little difference between them. Until
1879 or later Shaikh Jabir treated the senior of the two as his successor
and appeared to regard the other with a sort of senile jealousy ; but for
some months before his death he employed the junior as his agent in all
matters of business, and apparently expressed a formal wish that he
should be recognised as heir to the Shaikhdom. On the decease of
Shaikh Jabir the Government of Muhammareh was provisionally
assumed, pending orders from the Persian authorities, by Muhammad
Khan as the elder son, and he spared no efforts to conciliate his younger
brother; but the Muhaisin, as a body, and the Dris division of the Ka^ab
preferred Mi^'al Khan. On this fact coming to the knowledge of the
Zill-us-Sultan, then Governor General of 'Arabistan and of other pro
vinces, the Persian Farman of appointment was made out in the name of
Shaikh Miz'al Khan. Muhammad Khan, contrary to the general
expectation, did not attempt to dispute the award by force but proceeded
to Ispahan, where the Zill-us-Sultan caused him to be detained; and
the peace of Muhammareh remained undisturbed.
By 1883, after the reduction in August of some rebellious Ka ; ab of
the Nassar section, whom the Shaikh of Kuwait was believed to have
incited to revolt, the power of Shaikh Miz'al Khan appeared to be locally
well consolidated; but in 1884 his brother Muhammad Khan was
allowed to escape from Dizful, where he had been confined, and made
his way to Fallahiyeh, while the Shaikh himself seemed afraid that the
increasing demands of the Persian authorities might oblige him in the
end to resign the Government of Muhammareh. It was granted to him
only from year to year, and had been farmed to him in the beginning for

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1684] (201/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 1 March 2024]

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