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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2116] (633/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Questions of
railway con
struction in
road con
struction in
were a specific assurance obtained from the Persian Government in
1897 ; a temporary transfer of the Bushehr Custom House in 1898 to the
Imperial Bank of Persia; the exclusion of Hussia, by a process completed
by stages between 1892 and 1904, from all connection with the customs
of Southern Persia, or at least of Fars and the ports of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran.
the latter term including Muhammareh, Jashk, Chahbar and Gwatar;
and the frustration, in 190 2, of an attempt by Russia to deprive Britain
of a voice in the modification of rates under the Persian Customs tariff.
The contest between Russia and Britain in regard to railway con
struction, definitely initiated in 1889, continued without relaxation during
the period now under review.
In December 1899 the Russo-Persian agreement interdicting the
construction of railways in Persia was renewed for ten years; neverthe
less, as described in another place, a Russian Technical Commission in
1900 overran Persia and carried preliminary railway reconnaissances
southwards from Tehran and Isfahan to Muhammareh, Bnshehr, Bander
Abbas, and even Chahbar. By 1899 the railway system of the Russian
Empire had been extended to Qars ; and in 1904 a Russian line reached
Julfah on the Russo-Persian frontier.
The grant of preferential rights to Britain in 1889 with reference to
the construction of railways in the south of Persia was admitted by the
Shah in 1900, and was recognised by His Majesty as still binding. A
slight extension of the railway system of British India from Quetta
in the direction of Persia was completed in 1905.
Competition between Russia and Britain in regard to the construction
of roads was not so acute as in regard to that of railways, the interests
of the two powers lying, in this matter, in different territorial spheres.
In 1899 a Russian road had been carried from Ashkabad on the
Trans-Caspian Railway to Mashhad, and another from the port of
Enzeli on the Caspian by Qazvin to Tehran was nearing completion. I 11
1902, as part consideration for the loan made by Russia to Persia in that
year, a concession was given for a Russian road from Julfah to Qazvin
with a branch from Qazvin to Hamadan. By 1905 all the roads men
tioned were open for traffic, and on some of them a motor service had
been introduced. Qazvin, and consequently the Persian capital not to
mention Hamadan, had been made easily accessible from the Russian
rail-head at Julfah, and from Enzeli, where improvements of the harbour
had been taken in hand by Russia.
On the British side the execution of the Imperial Bank of P# sia ' s
concession of 1890 made slow progress ; but by 1899 the road con-
5L M ' H K U "i SI

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2116] (633/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 1 March 2024]

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