Skip to item: of 1,262
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2354] (871/1262)

This item is part of

The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

Kufah and thence to Damascus, and his body lay unburied until the
next day*.
Origin of The occurrences described above gave rise to the principal schism
the Shi ah by which Islam is divided. It was maintained by the partisans of 'Ali
schism, t and his sons, who afterwards came to be known as Shi'ahs, that ; Ali
and his descendants possessed an indefeasible and exclusive right to the
Khalifate; and the Shi^ahs consequently regard all those who have
actually presided over Islam, with the exception of ''Ali and Hasan only,
as usurpers. The Shi^ah list of the true Khalifahs, or, as they term
them, of the Imams, runs as follows : (1) ; Ali, son-in-law of the prophet
Muhammad; (2) Hasan, the eldest son of ''Ali by Fatimah, the daughter
of Muhammad; (3) Husain, the second son of ' Ali by JFatimah, the
daughter of Muhammad; (4) 'Ali, surnamed Zain-ul-'Abidin, son of
Husain; (5) Muhammad-al-Baqir, son of Zain-uVAbidin; (6) J a tar-
as-Sadiq, son of Muhammad-al-Baqir ; (7) Musa-al-Kadhim, son ot
Ja'far; (8) 'AH-bin-Musa, known as Ar-Ridha, son of Musa-al-Kadhim ;
(9) Muhammad-at-Taqi or Muhammad-al-Jawad, son of Ar-Ridha; (10)
'Ali-an-Naqi, son of Muhammad-at-Taqi; (11) Hasan-al-^Askan, son
of 'Ali-an-Naqi; and (12) Muhammad-al-Mahdi, son of Hasan-al-
'AskariJ. With the last named, whom the Shi'ahs believe to be living
in concealment and whose reappearance they await, ends the senes o
' the twelve Imams; and from this number the general ^ 0( ty f 0 ^ ^ 1 a s
are described in common parlance as Ithnah-'Ashariyah, or o owers
of the Twelve/' in contradistinction to Shi'ahs belonging to various
minor sects.
Origin of The Ibadhi form of the Muhammadan religion is said to have been
the Ibadhi introduced into 'Oman by two of the Khawarij, who escaped trom
denomina- slaughter of their fellow believers by 'Ali at Nahrwan.
rn, . The descendants of 'Ali and Fatimah through males are universally
'* SaiviT" distinguished as Sadah or Sadat, that is Saiyids, and at some p ace ® ,
"Tabatahayi" the Gulf region, as in many other parts of the Muhammadan Wj
and whole communities of these persons exist: such are the j. a f • i
'Sharif Bahrain and the Shi'ah Saiyids of Gumarun in the Hayat Qis i
of the Persian coast. The Saiyids or ruli ng family of O man^;
# Though the fate of Husain excites commiseration, it is difficult to r ®f al( ^ ^
as Shi*ahs do, in the light of a Shahid or martyr. In the first place thei HP
to be no real reason for holding that descendants of Muhammad had ^
right to the Khalifate ; in the second, it seems that any right wnicn ,
have possessed was renouced b\ Hasan during his headship of the tarn y »
the third, it is clear that Husain lost his life, not in vindicating a moral ° it
principle, but merely in an attempt to wrest the temporal power ±rom^_'
should be remembered, however, that the title Shahid is very light y _
some Muhammadan countries; in places on the Indo-Afghan 1:1011 ^ w itb
an ordinary traveller who has been killed by highwaymen. Ihose w o i g0 p 08 .
Husain have perhaps a better claim than he to be considered martyrs ; a ^
sibly has his father 'Ali, who was murdered by a religious fanatic w i
ruling over 'Iraq. , 0 {
fit is not intended to imply, by what is stated in the text, that
Shi'ism, as it now exists, is merely historical. ,
The tombs of these ImSms, are, as we shall see further on, situate
except those of the second, fourth, fifth and sixth Imams, which are at ^
and tnat of the eighth, Vnioh is at Mashhad in Persia, while the last l' 11
of course no tomh.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2354] (871/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 1 March 2024]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [&lrm;2354] (871/1262)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src="!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image