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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2578] (1095/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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discharged her cargo near that place, notwithstanding that the Customs
steamer a Muzaffari^ was in the neighbourhood and that a Customs
official with 8 armed guards had been posted in Bulkhair itself. In Sep
tember 1907 the trade was particularly brisk at Bushehr, the principal
smuggler being, apparently, the Persian Commandant of Artillery.
While the trade was thus but imperfectly checked at the two extrem
ities of the Persian coast, arms were believed to be pouring in without let
or hindrance through the intermediate Shibkuh ports, where the Customs
had either no representatives at all, or only such as were dependent
for their safety upon the local Shaikhs to whom they were accredited.
The trade in the Gulf of 'Oman and British endeavours to suppress
the same, 1905-1907.
into Persian
Attempts to
cope with the
trade by
naval meanp,
The subject of the arms trade in the Gulf of 'Oman, as distinguished
from the Gulf of Persia, cannot be separated, after 1905, from the history
of the measures by which the British Government sought to check it,
and we shall accordingly treat of the two together.
In October 1905 it was found that the importation of arms into
Makran was taking place chiefly through the coast villages of Tank and
Galag; and it was observed that the number of arms in the interior had
very greatly increased, especially in the neighbourhood of Dizak. Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division.
Sir Nauroz Khan, Nausherwani, of Kharan, was said to be an extensive
purchaser of the newer kinds of rifles, among which were now some of
German patterns.
The problem of preventing the despatch of arms from Masqat to the
Persian coast, or otherwise of intercepting the consignments en route,
was carefully considered by the British naval authorities in the Persian
Gulf during the winter of 1905-1906. During the month of Jan
uary 1906, H. M. S. "Redbreast," Commander H. B. T. Somerville, lay
continually at Masqat,—an arrangement by which the trade was for
the moment completely stopped, but at the cost of immobilising a ship.
At the end of February and beginning of March 1906, under the orders
of Vice-Admiral E. S. Poe, Naval Commander-in-Chief, the Makran coast
was carefully watched by H. M. S. " Fox/' which kept in close touch
with Chahbar ; but no captures were effected.
After some experience of Masqat and the Makran coast Commander
Somerville reported, as the result of his observations, that the season of
transporting arms across the Gulf extended from November to March;
that a native vessel could make the passage in about 36 hours in a moder
ate Shamal; that Friday, after general prayers, was a favourite time of
departure from Masqat; that Galag, on account of its proximity to the
Karwan district, was the chief port of entry on the Makran side, but that
Tank, and to a lesser extent the mouths of the Rapch and Sadaich rivers
and the western side of Chahbar Bay, were also frequented by smugglers
0 f arms; and that it was the practice to store the imported arms at places
ield a

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This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2578] (1095/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 2 March 2024]

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