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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2624] (1141/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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The working expenses, it will be seen, amount to about 10 per cent
of the gross receipts. The five highest posts in the South, namely the
Director-Generalship, Inspectorship and Comptrollership at Bushehr and
the Directorships at Lingeh and Bandar •'Abbas, are at present occupied
by members of the Belgian Customs Service, who have been seconded
and placed at the disposal of the Persian Government by the Government
of Belgium; the initial contracts with the Persian Government of
these and of the other Belgian Officers in the Department were for three
years, and were renewable, at expiration, for either three or five years.
All the other superior appointments in the South are held by Persians,
who have the rank of Directors and are styled Mudirs. The subordinate
grades of Farrash or civil orderly, of Mustahfiz or watchman, of Kashikchi
or night watchman, and of Tufangchi or armed guard are filled by
natives. The Tufangchis fluctuate in number according to the season of
the year, and are frequently changed; they are mostly recruited at
Bushehr and in Baluchistan. The staff of each minor post consists of a
Mudir, lower in rank than a Director, having under him two or more
subordinates. Mere observation posts are manned by one or more watch
men or Tufangchis, who are under orders of the nearest Mudir.
In some ports and on some stretches of coast—especially in the
districts of Rud-hilleh and Tangistan, and of Persian Makran from Jashk
to Chahbar—the Customs have been unable as yet to establish their
system, owing to the opposition of local chiefs who refuse to part with the
farm of the customs and cannot at present be coerced. In these localities
the customs duties are levied according to the ancient methods, and arms
and other prohibited articles find their way into the country. Control of
the coast line is maintained, so far as possible, by the Customs vessel
"Mozaffar" and the Persian man-of-war " Persepolis," supplemented by
the launches constructed at Bombay. An experiment was tried, in
1905 or 1906, of watching the coast between Lingeh and Bandar ^Abbas
by means of mounted patrols ; it was not successful on account of the
unsuitability of the country to horses, but it was intended to repeat it
with the substitution of camels for horses.
The organisation of the Customs of 'Arabistan is as follows :—
Date of
gross animal
receipts (in
Tntnan s).
annual ex
Muhammareh (A
principal po.4,
as defined in the
20th Septem
ber 1902.
1 Director-
1 Director
and 15
N asiri
20th Januarv
1 Director
and 5
Shush tar
20th Feb
ruary 1903.
1 Director
and 2
* The same remarts about changes apply to this table as to the last (customs of
the South).

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2624] (1141/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 1 March 2024]

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