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'Persian Gulf - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part II)' [‎148v] (4/45)

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The record is made up of 1 file (21 folios). It was created in 1 Sep 1879. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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30
Bedouin tribe of the Beni Hajir had made a serious
attempt to cross from the mainland and attac
Bahrein, that the attempt had been defeated by
the movements of Her Majesty s vessels on the
spot, but that it was likely to^ be renewed from
one of the ports under Turkish authouty. In
replv. Colonel Boss was ordered* to take effective
steps to defend the island against aggression by
any Chiefs or tribes of the Gulf. flic Govern
ment of India, at the same time, suggested to the
Secretary of State that Her Majesty s Ambassador
at Constantinople might be instructed to represcu
to the Porte that, if the tribes in question were
under the authority of Turkey, they should be re-
strained by the Government of the Sultan, t ticy
added, " If, however, Bahrein is attacked, action
" on the part of the British authorities in repelling
" the tribe will not be delayed."
From Colonel Ross's detailed report (12th Sep
tember 1874).f it appeared that the Beni Ilajir
had obtained boats at B1 Bidaa and were making
for Bahrein, but that, disconcerted by the appear
ance of the " May Trere " gunboat, they abandoned
their boats and marched to attack Zobarah, a
place on the Guttur peninsula held by the Nairn
tribe, " allies, and in some degree dependents, of
the Bahrein Chief." Zobarah was saved from
capture by the arrival of the gunboat "Hugh
Eose," the commander of which, by exercising his
men at gun practice and firing two rounds of shell,
apparently over the heads of the combatants on
shore, so intimidated the Arabs that they retired
inland.
This proceeding of Captain Campbell was made
the subject of a formal diplomatic remonstrance by
ilj« Tii*k«ih Government, through Musurus Pasha,{
who gave a veiTsion of the transaction, according
to which twenty4wo naan of the tribe had been
killed by the fire of the %x Hugh Rose." The
Turkish note concluded as follows:—" T1 est a
" peine besoin d'ajouter que, si le commandant
avaifc des griefs contre qui que ce soit, il pourrait
<c ct devait s'addresser aux autorites Imperiales
" pour en poursuivre le redressement par leur
<£ entremise—a distinct claim to jurisdiction over
the Guttur coast opposite Bahrein.
this point Colonel Ross, in his report (12th
-SeptAmber 1874) to the Government of India, ob-
serve|l?V-
" By the Tteity of 1861 with the Chiefs of Bahrein
the British Gsovernment undertake to give their
support to tpe Chief in the maintenance of the
security of /rfis possessions against maritime aggres
sions dirjAed against them by the Chiefs and tribes
of ttie^l/orsian Gulf. It becomes a duty, therefore,
firstly> to prevent as far as possible any Chiefs or
tribes finding the opportunity of embarking in such
aggressive enterprises; and, secondly, if such a
naval expedition should be found at sea by a British
vessel of war, it would be the duty of such vessel
to employ force against it.
* Political Letter, No.
173, dated 22nd Sept. 1874.
f Political Letter, No.
191, dated 23rd Oct. 1874,
Enclosure No. 7.
J From Foreign Office,
13 th Oct. 1874. Home
Correspondence, Vol. 81,
p. 308.
f
m

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Content

A memorandum, written by Adolphus Warburton Moore, Assistant Secretary of the Political and Secret Department of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , 1 September 1879.

The document is a continuation of ' Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part I)' (IOR/L/PS/18/B19/1) and broadly addresses the same issues, namely, what to do about Turkish claims to sovereignty along the southern coast of the Gulf that could potentially impinge on Britain's treaty commitments with local rulers and their security responsibilities at sea (the suppression of piracy), and whether to come to some kind of comprehensive arrangement with the Ottoman Government to settle the matter. To support this, the document gives a history of recent affairs in the region, making extensive use of correspondence and memoranda mostly written between 1874 and 1879. The principal correspondents are from the Government of India, the Foreign Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , and various political and diplomatic offices in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Turkish Arabia, and Constantinople. The matters covered by the document concern events at Bahrein [Bahrain], Guttur [Qatar] - including Zobarah [Al Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. ], Odeid [al-‘Udaid], and El Bidaa [Doha] - Lahsa [al-Hasa], and the Trucial states.

The memorandum concludes by outlining the position of the Foreign Office, the Government of India, and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. (represented by the author) on the following four matters:

1. The status of Odeid;

2. The need to better define areas of responsibility and jurisdiction with the Porte, and whether to hold them responsible for order along the coast under their authority;

3. A revision of Britain's treaties with Bahrain, the Trucial chiefs, and Muscat;

4. The arrangement of Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. business between the Bushire Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and the Baghdad Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. .

The author quotes extensively from the correspondence and other sources, notes on which are to be found in the margin throughout.

Extent and format
1 file (21 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation for this description commences at folio 148 and terminates at folio 168, as it is part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The main foliation sequence commences at the front cover, and terminates at the back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'Persian Gulf - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part II)' [‎148v] (4/45), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B19/2, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023557944.0x000006> [accessed 5 April 2020]

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