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'File 82/27 III (F 84) APOC: Qatar Oil' [‎80v] (158/638)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (319 folios). It was created in 22 Feb 1934-30 Apr 1934. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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alternative lines is to be preferred ; the British Government have recognise^
Khor-al-'Odaid as belonging to Abu Dhabi and the boundary consequently cannot
be placed nearer to Trucial Oman, though the Al-Tham Sheikhs assert a riglii
to the whole coast as far as the Sabakhat Matti. It is said that three meii
stationed at Dohat -as-Salwa, Sakak and Niqa-al-Maharah, respectively, canwatcli
the whole southern border of Qatar from sea to sea."
(ii) Khor-al- Odaid.
In Vol. II, on page 1367, Mr. Lorimer describes Khor-al-'Odaid as " an inlet or
creek on the coast of the Abu Dhabi principality as its extreme western end: it lies
about 180 miles almost due west from the town of Abu Dhabi. The boundary of
Qatar is either at, or a short distance to the north of, the inlet."
(iii) \Aqal.
In Vol. II, pages 88-89, Mr. Lorimer describes 'Aqal as u a small littoral
at the base of the Qatar peninsula upon the east side ; it is bounded by Khor-al-Odaia
on the north-west and by Dohat-an-Nakharlah on the south-east, the distance between
which in a direct line is nearly 35 miles. Inland the depth of the district is on ai
average about 20 miles." [N.B.—Nathil (Saudah) in 'Aqal is 20 to 25 miles inland
II, 89. westward, from the foot of Khor-al-'Odaid.] " On the landward side 'Aqal is enclosed
by Mijan on the east, the Jafurah desert on the south and south-west, and by Qatar
on the north-west. . . . The Bedouins do not regard 'Aqal as geographically included
in Oman, which in their view is terminated on the west by the Sabakhat Matti; but
the district has been recognised by the British Government as forming part of tb
territories of the Sheikh of Abu Dhabi, and must therefore be considered to belong,
in the political sense, to Trucial Oman."
(iv) Ahu Dhahi.
In Vol. II, page 405, under "Ahu Dhahi,^ Mr. Lorimer remarks: "Upon the
coast Abu Dhabi reaches from ... to Khor-al-'Odaid on the west—a distance ofow
200 miles. The Sheikh of Abu Dhabi in 1895 claimed that his frontier extended
the Bay of Umm-al-Hul, near Wakrah in Qatar, but his claim was not approved tj
the Government of India ; Bishairiyah has also been named as the limit of his State
in this direction, but no good reason has been adduced for supposing that Ills
jurisdiction ever extended beyond Khor-al-'Odaid, though the northern shore of thai
inlet should perhaps be reckoned as included with the inlet itself in his territories,
Inland the frontiers of Abu Dhabi are not defined. It is asserted that on the east
they reach to the Baraimi oasis, but without taking it in, and on the south theyi
presumably be placed at the margin of the Ruba'-al-Khali."
(v) Barr-al-Qarah.
Lorimer, II, 1482.^ "A coastal tract in Eastern Arabia which may perhaps^
reckoned as included in the Sanjaq of llasa [itself, for the purposes of the Anglo-
J urkish Convention of 1913, included in the Ottoman Sandjak of Nejd]. It reaches
from Kas-as-Sufairah on the north to the bottom of Dohat-as-Salwa on the south,"
distance of about 36 miles ; and inland it extends to a depth of about 12 rnil(
Upon the coast it meets Barr-al-'Oqair to the north and Qatar to the south of it; ai-
m and, m all directions, it merges in the Jafurah desert. Some authorities woul(
even make Barr-al- Qarah a part of Jafurah. . .
(vi) Jafura.h.
Lorimer, II, 8 J l, describes the Jafurah desert as extending " the whole wayfio®
e Tasa Oasis to the confines of Trucial Oman. ... In shape it is roughly triangu^
wUh its apex on the north almost touching a line drawn between Hofuf and V
pox ,, an i so ei corners (to the south-west and south-east) adjoining the Oasis 0
Jabrm and the southern extremity of Sabakhat Matti respectively. . . On thee®'
it if, separated from the sea " Irom north to south " by Barr-al-'Qarah, Qatar, 'AqalW
Mijan on the south it is bounded by the Ruba-al-Khali. It may be added here 4#
.latmah encloses Jabrm upon the north and east and that, in the opinion of so*
Barr-al- Qarah is a portion ot Jafurah desert and not a separate tract.
I "««ii

About this item


The volume contains correspondence and notes of meetings between the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Bushire, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. in London and ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī, Shaikh of Qatar, the Foreign Office, the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) and H.M.'s Ministry at Jedda in regard to the southern borders of Qatar, the Qatar oil concession and the relations of the Shaikhdom with the King of Saudi Arabia, ‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd (Ibn Sa‘ūd). There are documents in Arabic, mainly letters to and from the Sheikh of Qatar. Some of the documents in the volume are marked as confidential.

Extent and format
1 volume (319 folios)

The documents in the volume are arranged in chronological order. There are notes at the end of the volume (folios 305-311). The notes refer to documents within the volume; they give a brief description of the correspondence with a reference number in blue or red crayon or ink, which refers back to that correspondence in the volume.

Physical characteristics

The main foliation is in pencil in circled numbers, in the top right of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The numbering starts starts on the first folio of writing with 1A, 1B, 1C, 1D; and runs through to 312, which is the last number given on the last folio of the volume. There is a blank page at the beginning and three at the end of the volume.There is also another sequence, which is incomplete, written in pencil, in the top right corner, starting with 39 on folio 37 and ending with 299 on folio 312.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 82/27 III (F 84) APOC: Qatar Oil' [‎80v] (158/638), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/628, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 24 February 2020]

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