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'Further Papers respecting the Slave Trade on the East Coast of Africa and the System Pursued for its Suppression' [‎69r] (5/50)

The record is made up of 1 volume (25 folios). It was created in 29 Oct 1869. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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• f
Inclosure 1 in No. 3.
Commander De Kantzow to Commodore Sir L. Heath.
Sir, " Star," at Aden. June 9, 1869.
IN obedience to my sailing orders, dated the 31st of March, 1869, I have the honour
to report that after fifty-six days' cruizing for the suppression of the Slave Trade (during
which period 112 dhows were boarded, all proving legal traders), while lying at anchor
under the north-east Cape of Ras Hafoon, ready for shipping, on the 26th of May,
at 1 p.m ., a dhow hove in sight, standing in for the Cape. I immediately dispatched
Lieutenant Jekyll in the cutter to board her. After the lapse of about fifteen minutes
the dhow, on catching sight of the ship cast anchor off the point, and commenced hauling
♦in for the shore to land her slaves. The cutter was stf&n alongside, and seized her. She
had 236 slaves on bard (as noted in the margin),* was eight days from Zanzibar, bound to
Muscat, with a crew of eleven, and sixteen passengers, the latter being slave traders and
the owners of the slaves.
On the cutter capturing the dhow, a small portion of her slaves had already landed,
with some Arabs. A few shot were fired by these Arabs, ftfdden behind the rocks, and
who eventually escaped. All the slaves were recovered, and Lieutenant Jekyll showed in
this instance (as he has already done on a previous case), care, energy, and proper prudence
in their recovery.
I may here, however, observe that a dhow standing in for the Cape must find it next
to impossible to escape; her course up along the coast is cut off by the presence of this
ship at anchor.
Should she attempt to bear up again or stand out to sea, she would be immediately
chased and overhauled by the "Star," and her only course left is to land her slaves at
once; but as the nature of the ground between where we were at anchor and the Cape is
a deep ravine, with ridges of sharp rocks intervening, and the landing at the Cape must
necessarily take time to scale a difficult precipitous cliff, the recovery of the slaves on
landing is almost certain.
On clearing out the dhow shortly after her capture, she was found in an unseaworthy
and very filthy state. The slaves, on the other hand, were healthy and in good condition,
and overjoyed at their release.
Those who had landed had been driven from the dhow at the point of the Arab
After all the available wood had been added to our fuel in the bunkers, the remains of
the dhow were scuttled.
The Arab prisoners I had placed on board the Arab dhow named in the marginf
(which had anchored near us on the evening of the 27th of May), at their own request,
and with the consent of her captain, whom I supplied with a sufficient quantity of
provisions and water for their use.
On the 1st instant, a case of small-pox breaking out amongst the slaves, 1 left Ras
Hafoon (there being no provisions for the slaves on board for a voyage to Seychelles),
arriving at Aden on the 9th.
I have, &c.
(Signed) H. S. DE KANTZOW.
Inclosure 2 in No. 3.
Commander De Kantzow to Commodore Sir L. Heath.
" Star," at Aden, June 9, 1869.
REFERRING to the subject of slave movements which have occurred under my
notice during our present cruize for the suppression of the Slave Trade, I beg to
submit— . _ , , p .
1. During our cruize between the 1st of April and the 9th of June, a period of sixty-
nine days, 112 Arab dhows have been boarded, without suspicion attached to their lawful
2. A dhow boarded on the 7th of May, off Ras Hafoon, had a crew of thirty-six
persons, exclusive of seven Africans, having all the appearance and condition of slaves. As
* 35 men, 46 women, 155 children,
f " Futhelkhair," of Marmora.

About this item


This file contains correspondence between British officials regarding their attempts to monitor and prohibit slave traffic on the East Coast of Africa. The correspondence dates from March 1869 to October 1869.

Of particular interest are the following folios:

  • Folio 71 - French Government boat registration papers that had been given to 'Arab Dhows' allowing them to travel under the French flag.
  • Folio 73 - A chart entitled 'Memorandum of Number of Slaves landed and liberated at Aden, and how disposed of'.
  • Folio 74 - A copy of the Slave Trade Jurisdiction (Zanzibar) Bill, May 1869.
  • Folios 89-91 - 'A Memorandum by Mr. Churchill [Henry Adrian Churchill, Britain's Agent in Zanzibar] respecting Slave Trade on the East Coast of Africa'.
Extent and format
1 volume (25 folios)

The file is arranged in rough chronological order, with the earliest correspondence at the beginning of the file and the latest at the end of the file.

Physical characteristics

Condition: contained within a bound volume that contains a number of other files.

Foliation: The foliation for this description commences at f 67, and terminates at f 91, as it is part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 5-134; these numbers are written in pencil, but are not circled, and can be found in the same position as the main sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'Further Papers respecting the Slave Trade on the East Coast of Africa and the System Pursued for its Suppression' [‎69r] (5/50), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B84, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 April 2020]

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