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'Government of Bahrain Annual Report for Year 1356 (March 1937 - February 1938)' [‎76r] (65/76)

The record is made up of 1 volume (37 folios). It was created in 1938. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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While the work of the past year has greatly increased, my confidence m
improved trading activity has heen justified ; and although 1 do not anticipa e
an equal increase for the year 1357, yet I think this year can be regarded with
confidence, except in the pearling industry.
The Zubara Dispute.
During the months of May, June and July incidents occurred in Qatar which
caused resentment in Bahrain and resulted in the Bahrain (Tovernment breaking o
all commercial relations and intercourse with Qatar.
A quarrel took place between the Shaikh of Qatar and the Naim tribe who
normillv resided in the neighbourhood of Zubara. The Nairn tribe have always
regarded themselves and have been considered by the Ruler of Bahrain to be su )jec s
nf the Shaikhs of Bahrain. The chiefs of the tribe receive allowances m the Civil
List from the Bahrain Government and many of the tribe own houses in Muharraq
and in Halat al Nairn, one of the islands beyond Hedd, m which they hve durmg
part of the year.
Zubara, on the north coast of Qatar, is the original home of theAl-Khalifah
who created a flourishing settlement there and a town of political and cotnmei
imnortance in about 1717, when, with other Arab tribes, they moved south from
Kuwait. Zubara was then of sufficient importance for ^
exoeditions against it, which were repulsed by the Ivhahfah. In 11M the M a
coCered Bahrain but they did not abandon Zubara but continued to occupy . for
a considerable time. When in the early 19th century Bahrain was for a short time
in the occupation of Oman, the Khalifah retired to Zubara.
In 1811 Zubara was conquered by Muscat and the town was destroyed. It
i if Kv fhp Klrilifah In 186B Doha and Wakrah were sacked by the
was , b y. alltes Partly owing to this Shaikh Mohamad bin Khalifah was
forced to iTave B^rlin^d ^Reeled by his brother Shaikh Ali who was kil ed
after rdgnTng for one year and was succeeded by Shaikh Isa, the father of the
present Ruler.
Tn 1874 the Beni Hajar tribe besieged the Nairn tribe in Zubara but were
, . ^ 1 1 , ri l the following year there was more fighting. The Nairn who
driven otf. 1 - j as his own subjects, obtained support from Bahrain.
the Bin Ali tribe crossed from Bahrain to Zubara preparatory to making an
sent to Zubara and A ' t town w hich is on the sea shore, is
present day Zubara reraamec • ' whicl ; is about a ' m Ue inland, is partly ruined
although much of the outer walls ire standing and the large mosque within the walls
is still in fairly good condition.
In Anril 1937 there was a quarrel between the Nairn tribe and the
umv> -7" fhP litter complained to the Shaikh of Qatar who appointed certain
Al Ramazin , the < ^ ^ fv.p north roast of Oatar. The Naim complained to
Arabs as customs inspectors Oat'ir was infringing the rights of Bahrain
the Ruler of Bahrain that the Sh^ ^^"o™ of Bahrain assuring
SU ftS hn-.'S d.S .. «" B*,.. Bahrain » Q.Ur, ... 7.„W„
Th. Araba in >bn ^ -jgy JtSTf
S^r^in'TlwC'a- nthera liin, in tj. «>"
wire subjects of Bahrain, were sent to the Ruler of Bahrain.
Thfl ^^haikh of Bahrain when the quarrel first began protested against the
Lhe bhaikh ot Danrd.1 , whom he claimed as his own
Shaikh of Qatar's interference with the JN aim xnue
subjects living within Bahrain territory. m u . n i •
i •, "RnVirflin earlv in May. Shaikh Abdulla bin
Negotiations were begun ouinhQiLian His Highness's eldest son,
Isa, His Highness s ^h^' :! l u of oXr's deieoates were Nasir bin Attiah of the
-""" ~

About this item


This volume is the Annual Report of the Government of Bahrain for the year 1356 AH (1937-1938) and gives details of the Revenue and Expenditure of the Bahrain State and contains notes on the activities of the various Government departments, as well as the budget for the year 1357 and some particulars of importance which took place in Bahrain during the year. It includes text, photographic images and tables. The report appears to be compiled from reports from various Government departments and officials. An index appears on folio 46r, followed by a General Review by Charles Dalrymple Belgrave, Adviser to the State of Bahrain (folio 47r).

The contents are divided into the following sections and sub-sections:

  • Budget – 1356 (folio 47v);
  • Summary of Revenue and Expenditure, 1356 (folio 48r);
  • Detailed statement of Revenue and Expenditure, 1356 (folio 48v);
  • Statement of Expenditure on Public Works and Special Projects (folio 49r);
  • Notes on Revenue – 1356 (folio 49v): Oil Royalty, Customs Receipts, Rent of Aerodrome, Passport Fees, Land Registration Fees, Motor Car Taxes, Rent of Government Lands, Interest on Reserves, and Oil Gauging Fees;
  • Notes on Expenditure – 1356 (folios 49v-50v): Allowances to the Ruling Family, State Protection, Customs Department, Secretariat, Judicial Department, Land and Public Works Department, Passport Department, Education Department, Municipalities, Medical, Contingencies, Upkeep of buildings, Upkeep and construction of roads, and Unforeseen;
  • Statement of Expenditure on Public Works and Special Projects (folio 50v): Hospital, Fire Engine, New Palace, Law Courts, Agriculture, Water Cart, and Manama-Muharraq Bridge;
  • Pearl Industry (folios 51)
  • Police and Public Security (folios 51v-53r): Strength, Routine and duties, Police Buildings, Recruitment, Health, Police Families' Clinic, Police Band and Fire Bridgade, Registration of Arms and Ammunition, Mounted Section, Good Conduct Pay, Crime, Traffic Control, Liquor, and Persian Immigration;
  • Public Health (folio 53): Muharraq Dispensary, Suk al Khamis [Sūq al-Khamīs] Dispensary, Hedd [al-Ḥidd] Dispensary, Women's Clinic, Anti-Malaria Measures, and Government Hospital;
  • Land Registration Department (folio 53v): Registration of Sales, Gifts, and Titles, Revenue from Sales etc., and Programme for 1357;
  • Public Works (folios 54-57v): Administration, Roads and Buildings, Law Courts, Work-shop and Garages, Rest House and Police Station, Manama Fort, Manama Muharraq Road, Hawar Fort and Pier, Government Hospital, Muharraq Girls' School, Manama Market Buildings, and Roads;
  • Judicial Department (folios 57v-60r): Bahrain Court, Transfer of Magistrates, Bahrain Lower Court, New Regulations, Shera Court, Code of Laws, and New Law Courts;
  • Municipalities (folios 60r-61v): Manama (Election, Municipal Achievements, Road Improvements, Water Control, Bazaar Improvements, Anti-Malaria Measures, Slaughter House, Adari Spring [‘Ayn ‘Adhārī], and Pier) and Muharraq (Sea Reclamation, Roads, and Anti-Malaria Measures);
  • Wakf [Waqf] Department (folios 61v-62r);
  • Education (folio 62r): Progress, Technical School, Athletics, Students Abroad, and Girls' Schools;
  • General (folios 62v-65r): Annual Audit, New Staff, His Highness' Pilgrimage [hajj], Visit of His Royal Highness Amir Saoud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd, Ibn Saud], Cinema, Juma Mosque, Nationality Law, Bus Service, Broadcasting, Press Propaganda, Government Rest House, and Private Building Enterprise;
  • Electric Supply Department, report by Mr W B Steele, State Engineer (folios 65r-69r): Wiring Contracts, Temporary Wiring, Main Extension, Alterations to Mains, New Generating Set, Financial Position, Telephone Department, Transport Department, Fire Department, Traffic Section, Municipal Ice Plant, School Engineering Workshop, and General;
  • Electric Returns: Profit and Loss Account, Revenue Account, Balance Sheet (folios 69v-70v);
  • Statement of Energy generated and sold, etc. (folio 71r);
  • Customs Department, report for the year 1356 by the Director of Customs Mr C C L de Grenier (folios 71v-76r);
  • Zubara Dispute (folio 76r);
  • Budget – 1357 (Feby. 1938-Feby. 1939) (folio 77);
  • Notes on Budget – 1357 (folios 78-80).

Illustrations appear on four folios and they are labelled as follows:

  • Folio 56: 'Hawar Fort' and 'Hawar Pier';
  • Folio 59: 'Law Courts. North Aspect' and 'Law Courts. South Aspects';
  • Folio 64: 'Muharraq Girl’s School' and 'Northern Village and Bay, Hawar';
  • Folio 68: 'Law Courts, open courtyard and platform' and 'Open Courtyard in the Law Courts'.

An inscription on the front cover reads 'Printed at the Times Press, Basrah' (folio 44r).

Extent and format
1 volume (37 folios)

There is an index (folio 46r) which references pages in the report.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: Folios 44-81.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Government of Bahrain Annual Report for Year 1356 (March 1937 - February 1938)' [‎76r] (65/76), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/750/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 27 May 2024]

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