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'Government of Bahrain Annual Report for Year 1358 (February1939 - February 1940)' [‎132v] (22/86)

The record is made up of 1 volume (42 folios). It was created in 1940. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Daring the visit of His Majesty King Ibn Sa'ud the Police supplied special
guards and escorts and performed a ceremonial parade in front of the Palace on
which they were w T armly congratulated by His Majesty. They also presented a
torchlight tattoo and spectacle on the last night of the Royal visit which was
enthusiastically received by an audience of many thousands of people and appeared
to make a great impression on the Arab guests from Sa'udi Arabia.
(d) Defence Duties. From the day that war began the Police with a number
of specially enlisted naturs took over the duty of guarding the Refinery, Oil Field
and Bahrain Petroleum Company s works, and special guards consisting of Police
and naturs were posted at various'places in and around Manamah. The Police
worked in conjunction with and under orders of the specially appointed personnel
of the Bahrain Petroleum Company staff who were employed on the defence scheme.
Their duties included car patrols, camel patrols, and guards on gates, tanks and pine
terminals etc.
There were three sections of recruits in training when the war started and
it was difficult to obtain the necessary number of men for duty with the Bahrain
Petroleum Company and to carry on the normal Police work at the same time.
All leave was stopped and men who had served their contracted time in the Police
1- orce and who wished to be discharged were not allowed to leave. Later, men who
had earned leave were given one month's leave pay as a temporary measure.
Granting of leave and discharge has not been resumed. In spite of this it was
necessary at first for a number of men to remain on duty at the Refinery and Oil
T' ield for six weeks continously. At the beginning there was some difficulty over
arranging rations and accomodation for the Police and as the men were sent out at
a few hours notice they were unable to make arrangements for their families who
lived in the Fort married lines or in Manamah and Muharraq.
After a month or two conditions improved and it was possible to make more
satisfactory and more permanent arrangments. The camel section wes relieved
by Police mounted on motor bicycles and the section which had been stationed on
a barge at the sea terminal of the pipe line, three miles from shore, was brought
back ; the total number of Police on defence duty was reduced and the number of
naturs was increased.
Although the duties of the Police on the defence scheme were not arduous,
merely monotonous, the new conditions in which they found themselves were
difficult. For the first time they had to deal with and to work under Englishmen
and Americans whose language and methods they did not understand. There were
misunderstandings and complaints on both sides. The Police suffered from being
gi\en orders b^ a number of dn^erent people in authority, usually through interpreters,
which often seemed to them unintelligible and contradictory. Eventually how
ever the Police became accustomed to their new duties and to the Europeans
employed in the defence scheme and the work proceeded more smoothly.
(e) Health of the Police. During the year 1358 a total number of 6,172
Police were seen at sick parade giving an average of 17 approximately out of a force
of 347. Last year the average sick parade was 10 out of a force of 316. In 1358
there were 2160 malaria cases but many of the cases were recurrent. There was
less malaria among the Police than in former years due to the anti-malaria
measures in the adjacent gardens which used to be one of the worst mosquito
breeding places in the neighbourhood of Manamah.
Last year ulceration of the legs was responsible for 28% attendance at sick
parade An experiment, which proved very successful, was made during the summer
when the wearing of puttees was discontinued. This reduced leg sores very
considerably. J
v u • Ir ! fant WeIfare Clime. The clinic was continued throughout the year. It is
held in the married lines by Mrs. Belgrave and a Government nurse. Over 1 100
cases were dealt with. The Policemen's families are gradually being taught to

About this item


This volume is the Annual Report of the Government of Bahrain for the year 1358 AH (1939-1940) and gives te details of the Revenue and Expenditure of the Bahrain State and contains notes on the activities of the various Government departments, as well as the budget 1359 and some particulars of importance which took place in Bahrain during the year. It includes text, photographic images and tables. The report appears to be compiled from reports from various Government departments and officials. An Index appears on folio 122r, followed by a General Review by Charles Dalrymple Belgrave, dated April 1940 (folio 125r).

The contents are divided into the following sections and sub-sections:

  • Budget 1358 (folios 126r-127v);
  • Summary of Revenue and Expenditure 1358 (folio 128r);
  • Statetment of Revenue and Expenditure 1358 (folio 128v);
  • Notes on Revenue 1357 (folio 129r);
  • Notes on Expenditure 1357 (folios 129r-130v): Allowances to Ruling Family, Adviserate, Customs Department, Judicial, Awkaf [Awqāf] and Minors Departments, Public Works Department, Land Department, Passport Department, Oil Gauging, Transport Department, Public Health, Education, Municipalities, Agriculture, Departmental expenses, Unforseen, Public Protection, Armaments, Transport, King [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] Ibn Sa'ud's visit, Food Supplies, and Public Works (Manamah-Muharraq Swing Bridge, Hospital Building, Manamah Pier extension, Pier Trolley Lines, Fort, Education Department, Transport Department, Passport Office, Miscellaneous, Mosque at Hawar, Kozabia House, Budeya Garden drainage, Annual Repairs, and Road Repairs);
  • The Pearl Industry (folios 130v-131v): The Pearl Industry and Pearl Propaganda;
  • Police and Public Security (folios 132r-133v): Police Administration (Strength, Recruitment, Routine, Defence Duties, Health of the Police, Infant Welfare Clinic, Mounted Sections, Machine Gun Section and Motor Bicycle Section, Buildings, Promotions and Appointments), Naturs, Traffic Control and Crime;
  • Public Health (folios 133v-139r): Appointment of Staff, The Village Dispensaries, Health (Malaria, Eye disease, Ear diseases, Respiratory disease, Pulmonary Tuberculosis, Venereal disease, Small-Pox, Alimentary diseases, Rheumatic disease, and Gynaecological and Obstetrical diseases), Medical examination of school children (Boys' Schools and Girls' Schools), Health of the Police (Infant Welfare Clinic and Prisoners' Health) and Malaria;
  • Land Registration Department (folio 139r): Registrations, Iranian Property, Island Beacons, and Survey Students;
  • Judicial (folio 139v): Bahrain Courts and Bahrain Small Courts;
  • Municipalities (folio 140r): Anti-Malaria Measures, Widening and Constructing town roads, New Road, Water Cart, Road Metalling, Lease of Markets, Swamp Reclamation, and Miscellaneous;
  • Wakf [Waqf] Department (folio 140v): Shia Wakf Department and Sunni Wakf Department;
  • Education (folios 140v-141r): School Reforms and appointment of Director of Education, Technical Schools, and Female Education;
  • Minors Department, (folios 141r-141v);
  • Food Control, report by A C Byard (folios 142r-143v);
  • King Ibn Sa'ud's Visit to Bahrain (folios 143v-145r);
  • Passport Department (folios 145r);
  • Public Works Department (folios 145r-148r): Recurrent Expenditure, Non-Recurrent Expenditure (Manamah Muharraq Causeway and Bridge, Manamah Pier Extension, State Hospital, Fort, Government Schools, Transport Building, Passport Office and Post Office, New entrance and stairs at Manamah Palace, and Hawar Mosque), Works not provided for in 1358 budget (Rifle Range, Jida Island, Idari Spring, Hedd Girls' School and Om Ashaoom Spring);
  • General (folios 148r-148v): New Appointments, Local Newspaper and Cinema, H.H.'s visit to India, Press and Broadcast propaganda, Catholic Church, Government Rest House, Appointment of a Governmental Representative with the Oil Company, and Shaikh Mohomed bin Isa's [Muḥammad bin ‘Īsá Āl Khalīfah] visit to New York;
  • Electric Department (folios 148v-150): Electricity Department (Wiring Contracts, Temporary Wiring, Main Extensions, Alteration to Mains, and Air Conditioning), Government Telephone Department, Transport Department, Fire Department, Traffic Section, Government Technical School, New Government Hospital - Naim, Anti Malaria Campaign, Oil Royalty and other gauging, Muharraq Bridge, Financial Position, Electricity Charges, and Prospects for 1359;
  • Profit and Loss Account (folio 151r).
  • Revenue Account (folio 151v);
  • Balance Sheet (folio 152r);
  • Statement of Energy Sold (folio 152v);
  • Customs Department, report by Mr C C L de Grenier, Director of Customs and Port Officer (folios 153rv-159r);
  • Budget 1359 (folios 160r-161r);
  • Notes on Estimated Revenue 1358 (folios 161v);
  • Notes on Estimated Expenditure 1358: (folios 161v-162v).

Illustrations appear on four folios and they are labelled as follows:

  • Folio 134: 'The Government Hospital, with labels Men’s wing in progress (left) and Women’s wing (right)';
  • Folio 136: 'The Government Hospital: The Women’s Wing from the west';
  • Folio 144: 'H.M. King Ibn Sa’ud inspecting the guard of honour, accompanied by H.H. Shaikh Hamad';
  • Folio 147: 'H.M. King Ibn Sa’ud and H.H. Shaikh Hamad, on the palace’s new flight of steps'.

On the front cover there is an inscription that reads 'Printed at the Times Press, Basrah', as well as a note in pen that reads 'Confidential' (folio 122r).

Extent and format
1 volume (42 folios)

This file contains an index (folio 122r) which references pages of the report.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: Folios 122-164.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Government of Bahrain Annual Report for Year 1358 (February1939 - February 1940)' [‎132v] (22/86), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/750/4, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 27 May 2024]

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