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'Government of Bahrain Annual Report for Year 1358 (February1939 - February 1940)' [‎133r] (23/86)

The record is made up of 1 volume (42 folios). It was created in 1940. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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appreciate proper medical attention and to make use of the Government midwives
whose services are given freely to the wives of Policemen.
(/) Mounted Sections. The camel section maintained patrols around the
coast continously throughout the year except when employed on patrolling the
oil field.
The cavalry section carried out some patrols and acted as mounted escort on
various state occasions. During the summer the section was under canvas for
several weeks near Budeya. A number of the horses were out of action during the
year owing to a bad epidemic of strangles which is thought to have been introduced
by five new horses which were bought from Iraq.
(^) Machine Gun Section and Motor Bicycle Section. The Government pur
chased a dozen Vickers Berthier machine guns during the year and a machine gun
section consisting of 13 men and 3 N.C.Oa. was trained. Another section was under
training at the end of the year Captain H. Ranee, of the Indian Army, and an Indian
Havildar Custodian; police sergeant; jail or prison guard. instructor who was lent for three months by the Government of India, gave
instruction to the Police. A course was fired on the new machine gun range at
Safra and the result was satisfactory.
One N.C.O. and 8 men were trained as a motor bicycle section by Mr. H. D.
Furber. The Police already had two B.S.A. motor bicycles, and five new Norton
bicycles were bought in India, one of them having a side car. The bicycles were
first-class machines, some of them of the type used for racing in England: they
were adjusted in such a way that their speed was reduced. When the patrol work
began at the oil field there were frequent accidents and several of the riders were
damaged but after some practice they acquired a certain degree of efficiency.
(h) Buildings. Details of buildings are given in the Public Works Department
report. They included new barrack rooms, a kitchen and mess hall, and the rebuilding
of part of the Fort wall.
The improvement in the health of the Police is probably partly due to the
increased cleanliness of the Fort and the adequate sanitary arrangements and
washing facilities. More phower baths and more latrines were being installed at
the end of the year. The old buildings of rubble walls and mud floors were dark
and dirty and it was impossible to keep them clean and free from mosquitoes.
(i) Promotions and Appointments. Shaikh Khalifah, son of Shaikh
Mohammed bin Isa, and a nephew of His Highness Shaikh Hamad, was appointed
Superintendent of Police after completing his training in India.
Havildar Custodian; police sergeant; jail or prison guard. Abdul Karim, son of the late Superintendent of Police, Haji
Sulman bin Jasirn, was sent to the Police Training School at Nasik.
3 Lance Naiks were promoted to Naiks.
11 Policemen were promoted to Lance Naiks.
2. Naturs.
Before the war little attention was given to the training and the recruitment
of the naturs who were in fact night watchmen similar to the ghaflQrs in Egypt.
Although provided with rifles and ammunition few of them were efficient in the use
of firearms and they were not required to pass any physical test when enlisted.
Their work, however, for the last twenty years has been satisfactory and owing to
them the number of thefts and robberies in Manamah and Muharraq has been small.
When the war began and the defence scheme came into operation it was
considered advisable to reorganise the naturs and to give them some training. On
examination 70% of the men failed to pass the eye test. These men are now being
replaced by men who are physically fit and whose sight is satisfactory. They are
being trained to use firearms and they have to pass a musketry course. They are
also being given some drill under men among them who had previously served in
the Police.

About this item


This volume is the Annual Report of the Government of Bahrain for the year 1358 AH (1939-1940) and gives te details of the Revenue and Expenditure of the Bahrain State and contains notes on the activities of the various Government departments, as well as the budget 1359 and some particulars of importance which took place in Bahrain during the year. It includes text, photographic images and tables. The report appears to be compiled from reports from various Government departments and officials. An Index appears on folio 122r, followed by a General Review by Charles Dalrymple Belgrave, dated April 1940 (folio 125r).

The contents are divided into the following sections and sub-sections:

  • Budget 1358 (folios 126r-127v);
  • Summary of Revenue and Expenditure 1358 (folio 128r);
  • Statetment of Revenue and Expenditure 1358 (folio 128v);
  • Notes on Revenue 1357 (folio 129r);
  • Notes on Expenditure 1357 (folios 129r-130v): Allowances to Ruling Family, Adviserate, Customs Department, Judicial, Awkaf [Awqāf] and Minors Departments, Public Works Department, Land Department, Passport Department, Oil Gauging, Transport Department, Public Health, Education, Municipalities, Agriculture, Departmental expenses, Unforseen, Public Protection, Armaments, Transport, King [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] Ibn Sa'ud's visit, Food Supplies, and Public Works (Manamah-Muharraq Swing Bridge, Hospital Building, Manamah Pier extension, Pier Trolley Lines, Fort, Education Department, Transport Department, Passport Office, Miscellaneous, Mosque at Hawar, Kozabia House, Budeya Garden drainage, Annual Repairs, and Road Repairs);
  • The Pearl Industry (folios 130v-131v): The Pearl Industry and Pearl Propaganda;
  • Police and Public Security (folios 132r-133v): Police Administration (Strength, Recruitment, Routine, Defence Duties, Health of the Police, Infant Welfare Clinic, Mounted Sections, Machine Gun Section and Motor Bicycle Section, Buildings, Promotions and Appointments), Naturs, Traffic Control and Crime;
  • Public Health (folios 133v-139r): Appointment of Staff, The Village Dispensaries, Health (Malaria, Eye disease, Ear diseases, Respiratory disease, Pulmonary Tuberculosis, Venereal disease, Small-Pox, Alimentary diseases, Rheumatic disease, and Gynaecological and Obstetrical diseases), Medical examination of school children (Boys' Schools and Girls' Schools), Health of the Police (Infant Welfare Clinic and Prisoners' Health) and Malaria;
  • Land Registration Department (folio 139r): Registrations, Iranian Property, Island Beacons, and Survey Students;
  • Judicial (folio 139v): Bahrain Courts and Bahrain Small Courts;
  • Municipalities (folio 140r): Anti-Malaria Measures, Widening and Constructing town roads, New Road, Water Cart, Road Metalling, Lease of Markets, Swamp Reclamation, and Miscellaneous;
  • Wakf [Waqf] Department (folio 140v): Shia Wakf Department and Sunni Wakf Department;
  • Education (folios 140v-141r): School Reforms and appointment of Director of Education, Technical Schools, and Female Education;
  • Minors Department, (folios 141r-141v);
  • Food Control, report by A C Byard (folios 142r-143v);
  • King Ibn Sa'ud's Visit to Bahrain (folios 143v-145r);
  • Passport Department (folios 145r);
  • Public Works Department (folios 145r-148r): Recurrent Expenditure, Non-Recurrent Expenditure (Manamah Muharraq Causeway and Bridge, Manamah Pier Extension, State Hospital, Fort, Government Schools, Transport Building, Passport Office and Post Office, New entrance and stairs at Manamah Palace, and Hawar Mosque), Works not provided for in 1358 budget (Rifle Range, Jida Island, Idari Spring, Hedd Girls' School and Om Ashaoom Spring);
  • General (folios 148r-148v): New Appointments, Local Newspaper and Cinema, H.H.'s visit to India, Press and Broadcast propaganda, Catholic Church, Government Rest House, Appointment of a Governmental Representative with the Oil Company, and Shaikh Mohomed bin Isa's [Muḥammad bin ‘Īsá Āl Khalīfah] visit to New York;
  • Electric Department (folios 148v-150): Electricity Department (Wiring Contracts, Temporary Wiring, Main Extensions, Alteration to Mains, and Air Conditioning), Government Telephone Department, Transport Department, Fire Department, Traffic Section, Government Technical School, New Government Hospital - Naim, Anti Malaria Campaign, Oil Royalty and other gauging, Muharraq Bridge, Financial Position, Electricity Charges, and Prospects for 1359;
  • Profit and Loss Account (folio 151r).
  • Revenue Account (folio 151v);
  • Balance Sheet (folio 152r);
  • Statement of Energy Sold (folio 152v);
  • Customs Department, report by Mr C C L de Grenier, Director of Customs and Port Officer (folios 153rv-159r);
  • Budget 1359 (folios 160r-161r);
  • Notes on Estimated Revenue 1358 (folios 161v);
  • Notes on Estimated Expenditure 1358: (folios 161v-162v).

Illustrations appear on four folios and they are labelled as follows:

  • Folio 134: 'The Government Hospital, with labels Men’s wing in progress (left) and Women’s wing (right)';
  • Folio 136: 'The Government Hospital: The Women’s Wing from the west';
  • Folio 144: 'H.M. King Ibn Sa’ud inspecting the guard of honour, accompanied by H.H. Shaikh Hamad';
  • Folio 147: 'H.M. King Ibn Sa’ud and H.H. Shaikh Hamad, on the palace’s new flight of steps'.

On the front cover there is an inscription that reads 'Printed at the Times Press, Basrah', as well as a note in pen that reads 'Confidential' (folio 122r).

Extent and format
1 volume (42 folios)

This file contains an index (folio 122r) which references pages of the report.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: Folios 122-164.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Government of Bahrain Annual Report for Year 1358 (February1939 - February 1940)' [‎133r] (23/86), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/750/4, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 26 May 2024]

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