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'B. 56. Confidential 86/14 - v. BAHRAIN UNALLOTED AREA.' [‎71r] (146/510)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (251 folios). It was created in 14 Feb 1939-2 Aug 1939. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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oiimmary of Meeting at Manamah on the 5th April 1939
H.H, His Highness the Shaikh
M.H. Major Holmes
Adv. Adviser.
Bahrain Government
His Highness the Ruler
Shaikh Mohammad bin Isa
Shaikh Salman bin Hamad
Mr. Dalrymple Belgrave.
P.C.L .
Major F. Holmes
Mr. S.V. Packer
Mr. Ashraf (Secretary to
Major Holmes)
M.H. After the usual exchange of courtesies
M.H. after asking H.H’s permission presented the
Draft Agreement for the Shoal Area, an explanatory
memorandum, and a separate Arabic translation of
Article 23. Copies of the memorandum and Article
23 were also distributed to Shaikh Mohammad,
Shaikh Sulman and Mr. Belgrave for perusal.
H.H. H.H. accepted the draft and accompanying memorandum
and pointed out that he could not discuss them or
say anything in the matter until a reply came from
London on the Hawar question and it was settled.
H.H. said if M.H. was going home he could perhaps
expedite matters in London, and that he H.H. was
ten times more anxious even than M.H. for the reply
from the British Government.
M.H. M.H. pointed out that should a reply come after
he had left for London the completion of the Hawar
question as far as the Company was concerned could
be settled by Mr. Packer.
H.H. H.H. agreed that this was satisfactory to him.
M.H. M.H. emphasized his Company’s wish to make the Hawar
Concession payments as soon as a reply was received
from London.
H.H. H.H. said immediate payment was of no consequence.
M.H. M.H. asked Mr. Belgrave if he could take it that
H.H. was ready to discuss the Shoal Area when the
Hawar question was settled.
Adv. Mr. Belgrave confirmed that this was what H.H.
intended to convey to Major Holmes.
During general conversation H.H. remarked a propos
of the lack of results in Qatar that he was sure that any
concession area taken up by Major Holmes would produce oil.
Sd/- 8rank Holmes.

About this item


The volume comprises correspondence between the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Trenchard Craven Fowle), the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain (Hugh Weightman), the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. (Roland Tennyson Peel, John Percival Gibson), the Secretary to the Government of India, External Affairs Department (Sir Aubrey Metcalfe), the Shaikh of Bahrain (Shaikh Ḥamad bin ‘Īsá Āl Khalīfah), Bahrain Petroleum Company (Hamilton R Ballantyne, Fred A Davies, Max W Thornburg), and Petroleum Concessions Limited (Frank Holmes, John Skliros) regarding the Shaikh of Bahrain’s proposal to grant a concession for the whole of the unallotted area, including the Hawar Islands, to the Bahrain Petroleum Company and His Majesty’s Government’s approval of the proposal.

Following on from the approval of the proposal to grant a concession to the Bahrain Petroleum Company (BAPCO) the correspondence focuses on discussion around the proposed agreement, to take the form of a deed of modification to BAPCO’s 1934 lease and the political agreement which would accompany the concession. The main areas of discussion including the definition of the area the concession would cover, and the need to include a pre-emption clause in the political agreement. Copies, in Arabic and English, of the draft deed of modification (ff 146-161, 170-180, 218-227) and draft political agreement (ff 133-139) are included in the volume.

Also discussed in the volume is the conclusion of the sovereignty question relating to the Hawar Islands following the submission by the Shaikh of Qatar (Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī) of a response to the counter-claims made by the Shaikh of Bahrain. On reviewing both claims and supporting evidence His Majesty’s Government's final decision was that islands belonged to Bahrain and not Qatar.

Also included in the volume are copies of draft concession agreements put forward by Petroleum Concessions Limited including one for the Hawar Islands (ff 8-26) and one for the waters and islands of Bahrain, described as the shoal area (ff 44-65).

A series of file notes which were maintained as a record of the correspondence in the volume can be found at folios 242-248

Extent and format
1 volume (251 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 253; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 6-241; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the same position as the main sequence. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'B. 56. Confidential 86/14 - v. BAHRAIN UNALLOTED AREA.' [‎71r] (146/510), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/692, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 February 2020]

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