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File 240/1913 'Mohammerah - Khoremabad Railway; the Khor Musa agreement' [‎69r] (142/452)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (222 folios). It was created in 27 Nov 1912-14 Apr 1913. It was written in English, Farsi and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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I This Document is the Property of His Britannic Majesty's Governmpnt. ]
j *
No. 1.
Foreign Office to Sir W. Garstin.
[February 24.J
Section 4.
Sir, Foreign Office, February 24, 1913.
I AM directed by Secretary Sir E. Grey to acknowledge the receipt of your letter
of the 18th instant on the subject of the Trans-Persian Railway project.
Sir E. Grey fully recognises that the project, in its present form, somewhat differs
from the lines upon which it was originally drawn up, but he thinks that, on further
consideration, it will be evident that the modifications are of a nature favourable to the
“societe.” The commercial advantages of through connection between Europe and India
are far from being indisputable, and it is obvious that the alignment now proposed is
likely to render the scheme a more profitable investment than a more direct route.
I am now to refer seriatim to the points enumerated in your letter:—
(a.) You submit that, “ having stipulated for Government control, and insisted on
an alignment suited to political requirements,” His Majesty’s Government should not
at the same time exclude the possibility of financial assistance in the future.
I am to point out that the expression “ Government control ” in this reference
does not appear to be altogether borne out by the terms of my letter of the 4th February,
whereas the alteration of the alignment to one “ suited to political requirements ”
conveys an inadequate idea of what has in effect been suggested, since the alteration in
question would result in the line being diverted from an arid desert to a region which
is relatively populous, and therefore more suited for railway enterprise. Such being
the case, Sir E. Grey fails to appreciate why the circumstances to which you allude
should render a British Government guarantee more necessary; indeed, he is rather
led to the opposite conclusion.
( 6 .)—(2.) In regard to this point, Sir E. Grey would recall to you the following
sentence in my letter of the 23rd November :—
“ While Sir E. Grey cannot but regard the question as somewhat premature, he
recognises that, if railways are built in regions adjacent to those traversed by the line
you have in view, then means should be found for securing through traffic, destined to
pass on to, or coming from, your system, against unfair manipulation on railways
outside your direct control.”
I am to add that the desire of His Majesty’s Government is to promote co-opera
tion amongst British commercial interests in Persia. You will, however, recognise that
the time and conditions of the Kerman-Bunder Abbas line are matters which are not
devoid of all political bearing.
(3.) His Majesty’s Government have no objection to furnishing to you a list of
persons forming the Persian Railways Syndicate. They are submitting that list to the
secretary of the syndicate for revision, and it is hoped that it may be communicated to
you very shortly. The lines in which the syndicate are interested are the following :—
(a.) From Mohammerah to Khoremabad.
( 6 .) From Bunder Abbas to Kerman.
(c.) From Bushire, via Aliabad, to some point on a line.
(d.) From Bunder Abbas, via Shiraz, to Ahwaz.
Sir E. Grey recognises that the line under {d) now coincides to some extent with
the suggested main line of the Trans-Persian Railway, but he thinks that it will be
possible to come to a satisfactory arrangement with the Persian Railways Syndicate in
respect of this portion of the line.
The last paragraph of your letter has been replied to in a separate communication
of to-day’s date.
I am, &c.
[2804 aa—4]

About this item


The volume contains memoranda, correspondence and telegrams, and minutes of letters between British officials regarding railway constructions in Persia, focussing on the line planned between Mohammerah [Khorramshahr, Iran] and Khoremabad [Khorramabad, Iran].

The subjects covered are:

  • the leasing of land around Khor Musa to the British by the Ruler of Mohammerah, in 1912 (document in Farsi with English translation on ff 182-183);
  • railway concessions agreed by Persian Government and negotiations with Persian Railways Syndicate;
  • Persian Railways Syndicate's application for a mining concession in the Kerman district (Draft Concession on ff 52 and 53);
  • the Julfa-Tabriz Railway Concession, in French (ff 62-63).

The main correspondents are: the Ruler of Mohammerah, Shaikh Kazal [Khaz‘al bin Jābir bin Mirdāw al-Ka‘bī], Persian Railways Syndicate Limited, the Imperial Bank of Persia, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Foreign Office, and the Political Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. .

Some correspondence is in Farsi and some letters in French, from the Russian Embassy in London, are present in the volume. A map of Persia and Afghanistan, showing the projected railways, is on folio 77.

The volume includes a divider which gives the year that the subject file was opened, the subject heading, and a list of correspondence references contained in it arranged by year. This divider is placed at the front of the volume.

Extent and format
1 volume (222 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume. The subject 240 (Mohammerah - Khoremabad Railway; the Khor Musa agreement) consists of one volume, IOR/L/PS/10/332.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 224; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The map, f 77, is a very large fold-out sized at A1.

Written in
English, Farsi and French in Latin and Arabic script
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File 240/1913 'Mohammerah - Khoremabad Railway; the Khor Musa agreement' [‎69r] (142/452), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/332, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 18 July 2024]

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