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'File 3/8 Affairs of Sh. Khaz`als sons.' [‎137v] (274/508)

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The record is made up of 1 file (252 folios). It was created in 15 Mar 1942-17 Aug 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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they had made to his father, and said the tribes were ready to fight
at ary time against 'their sole enemy', Persia, The Embassy replied
that the pledge given to KELAZ r iL depended on his remaining a loyal
subject of Persia; if CHASSIS persisted in re gaming the lawful Persian
Government as his enemy, he could expect no more help from the British#
'« r •-
27* At the beginning of July rumours again said that the brothers
had declared that they were going back to KHUZISTAN to lead a revolt.
On instructions the British Consul-General in B'ISRA visited them, and'H
found them still divided in counsel. CHASSIS ceald not deciae whether
or not he should go to TEHRAN and negotiate. He v/anted the British
Embassy there to back him up,, at the least if he made no headway. As
well as this he wanted the Persians to guarantee that whatever happened
they would let him go back to Iraq,. But it proved impossible to extract
any definite pledge from the Persians* None the less CHASSIB wrote a.
letter addressed to the Sheikhs of ARA3ISTAN appointing his brother./.
•ABDULLAH as his deputy (presumably during OH ASS IB i s absence in TEHRAN).
•ABDULLAH, however, taking a. more aggressive line crew up a constitution
for a principality <:P KHQSISTAN (based on a very C arge measure of
autonomy) which, said, h.e was going to submit to the f:ikhs ''at .
the earliest oppe urHty'h Towards the middle of the m •. , the Persians f
gave permission for CHASSIS to come to TEHRAN and the Ii qis agreed to
him have a visa, •- long as he v;ent through KHAITAQIN, not KHUZISTidL
However on the very next day ABDULLAH announced his intention of crossing
the frontier that afternoon to raise rebellion. The acting hutasarrif
tried to reason with him; he refused to listen ant both he and CHASSIB,
who thereupon declared that he agreed fully with his brother's plans,
were arrested. From, hints it was deduced thut ABDULLAH'S scheme.ywas
to stir up trouble to back CHASSIB while the latter negotiated ±i% .TEHRAN.
Both brothers were remo ved to ALIARA and there pic cod. in the internment
camp. What was i.ncorTprehensi'ble was that throughout this period.; .
ABDULLAH had kerb British officials in BASRii fully informed of,his g .
intentions, and by awiouroirg his impending departure for Persia had- in
fact invited arrest* , . ( .
28. The re-actions of the Arabs in KHUZISTAN to the arrest of the 0
two brothers were no doubt disappointing to them. The Arabs to the
North-East of AHWAZ having recently undergone disarmament operations at
the hands of the Persian Army took no notice at all; to the South .at
QUSBAH and MANTUHI, people regretted the arrest p two such p..omi:^nt
KHAZ’ALs as CHASSIB and ABDULLAH but said nothing more^
29* Meanwhile, the detention of the KHAZ'ALs did not prevent
, arrangements going forward as before for their journey to TEHRAN, and
this was fixed for July 25th. However, as soon j.s they got to BAGHDAD,
they declared they were being deported and handed over helpless to the
Persians,, at which the arrangements were immediately cancelled and they
were made to take up forced residence at the Babylon Hotel in BAGHDAD.
ABDULLAH then wrote to the Embassy in BAGHDAD begging for he?.p on the
grounds of extreme poverty, while CHASSIB wrote to the Ministry of
Interior asking eo -• .r for release from forced residence dor an
allowance to enable tne brothers go stay alive® Early in January of
1945 they were .all/ ccd to return to BASRA on an undertaking to inter
fere no further in ;ho affair^
30. In October of tha'
was reported that he propos
in the K/iRUl\ T area.
CHASS J3B finally went to TEHTUN and it
band as Majlis c jputy for the ^irabs
31* ^ By December, bnere were already reports tiiat ABDULLAH was age- in
preparing to lead a revolt. Rumours Dugan to be heard of a secret visit
made by him go one Persian bank of the SlATT-al-ARAB, of messengers coming
from across the fx’ontier, and even of a minor tribal gathering one night
to support a move across the river which never came off, ABDULLAH ev v n
... told/

About this item


This file relates to the heirs of Shaikh Khaz‘al [Khaz‘al bin Jabir bin Merdaw Āl Ka‘bī], the late Arab Shaikh of Mohommerah [Khorramshahr], and their requests for British assistance.

The first few items of correspondence concern Shaikh Khaz‘al's eldest son, Shaikh Chassib bin Khaz‘al [Shaikh Chassib bin Khaz‘al Āl Ka‘bī], who is now living in Iraq and who is reported to have requested permission from the British Embassy at Baghdad to enter Iran (most of the correspondence in this file refers to Iran as Persia), for the purpose of personally pressing his claims to property belonging to his father, which had been sequestered by the late Shah [Reza Shah Pahlavi].

The remainder of the file relates to Shaikh Chassib's brother, Shaikh Abdullah bin Khaz‘al [Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Khaz‘al Āl Ka‘bī], and his wish to return to live in Persia, apparently peacefully, which is treated with suspicion by British officials. Much of the correspondence discusses whether Shaikh Abdullah, who has taken refuge in Kuwait after an unsuccessful attempt to return to live in Persia, should be given a British pension or an allowance, in order to prevent him from attempting to return to Persia, since it is deemed unlikely that he will receive any compensation from the Persian Government for the loss of his father's property.

Also included in the file are a copy of a document from the Combined Intelligence Centre, Iraq, entitled 'The Sheikhdom of Mohammerah A Short History' and a Foreign Office report entitled 'British Relations with Khazal, Sheikh of Mohammerah'.

The principal correspondents are the following: the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait; the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. ; the British Consul, Khorramshahr; the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; the Secretary of State for India; the Foreign Office; His Majesty's Ambassador, Tehran; His Majesty's Ambassador, Baghdad; the Ruler of Kuwait, Shaikh Ahmed al Jabir As-Subah [Shaikh Aḥmad al-Jābir Āl Ṣabāḥ]; Shaikh Abdullah bin Khaz‘al.

Extent and format
1 file (252 folios)

The papers are arranged in chronological order from the front to the rear of the file. Circled serial numbers (red for received correspondence; blue/black for issued correspondence) refer to entries in the notes at the rear of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 254; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Additional foliation sequences, one of which is written in pencil and not circled (between ff 3-131 and ff 143-224), and one of which is written in pencil and circled (between ff 1-253), have been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 3/8 Affairs of Sh. Khaz`als sons.' [‎137v] (274/508), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/178, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 13 July 2024]

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