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'File 3/8 Affairs of Sh. Khaz`als sons.' [‎138v] (276/508)

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The record is made up of 1 file (252 folios). It was created in 15 Mar 1942-17 Aug 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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- 10 -
KHORRArlSHAHR from TEHRAN - =. He put up at the house of his sister m KUT es
SHEIKH, and stated that he merely wished to live in peace in his own^
country. His arrival was greeted with deep suspicion by nearly all the
Arabs, even those normally warm supporters of the ICIAE'ALs. Several of
them visited him bit could obtain no inkling of his real indention. The
absence of any police watch on his house increased distrus ^ and there
were strong rumours that he had come to an understanding witnihe prime
Minister, thus com .etely betraying family traditions* During uie oloody
events which marked the strike of 14 th and 15 th July, when the os in
ABADAN suffered heavy losses and the .,n b cause was seriously impaired
by the attitude of the authorities, nothing was heard of CHASSID.
The Present Position.
36 . The moment of writing (August 1946) finds the Arabs of South^
Persia united for the first time in a Nationalist cause with no immediate
connection with a KHAZhALI restorationt, The struggle between the Arab
Tribal Union and the Tudeh Party quickly turned from a political to a
racial issue, and the attitude of certain Persian Government officials has
once again raised Arab hatred for the Iranian state. It is important to
note that the Arabs have fought and died together in this cause without
the participation of Sheikh ABDULLAH or Sheikh CHASSID: the latter is in
fact under grave suspicion of connivance with the Persian Prime ianister,
and in consequence his stock with the Arabs could hardly be lower, _
ABDULLAH still has some prestige though in the hei of the struggle few
will have had time to think of him. He is still in KUWEIT and a question
by him as to how H.M.G, would view his return met with the definite reply
that it could in no circumstances be countenanced. The Sheikh of KUWEIT
has been asked to take special care to prevent his escape, but the
possibility exists, and the consequences of his landing in' ARABISTAN at
a time of such confusion would be quite unpredictable. Although at the
moment Arab allegience belongs to a cause other than his own and although
his last effort raised so little enthusiasm among his father's subjects,
he might still find it possible to turn the situation to his advantage' and
become the leader of an Arab revolt.

About this item


This file relates to the heirs of Shaikh Khaz‘al [Khaz‘al bin Jabir bin Merdaw Āl Ka‘bī], the late Arab Shaikh of Mohommerah [Khorramshahr], and their requests for British assistance.

The first few items of correspondence concern Shaikh Khaz‘al's eldest son, Shaikh Chassib bin Khaz‘al [Shaikh Chassib bin Khaz‘al Āl Ka‘bī], who is now living in Iraq and who is reported to have requested permission from the British Embassy at Baghdad to enter Iran (most of the correspondence in this file refers to Iran as Persia), for the purpose of personally pressing his claims to property belonging to his father, which had been sequestered by the late Shah [Reza Shah Pahlavi].

The remainder of the file relates to Shaikh Chassib's brother, Shaikh Abdullah bin Khaz‘al [Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Khaz‘al Āl Ka‘bī], and his wish to return to live in Persia, apparently peacefully, which is treated with suspicion by British officials. Much of the correspondence discusses whether Shaikh Abdullah, who has taken refuge in Kuwait after an unsuccessful attempt to return to live in Persia, should be given a British pension or an allowance, in order to prevent him from attempting to return to Persia, since it is deemed unlikely that he will receive any compensation from the Persian Government for the loss of his father's property.

Also included in the file are a copy of a document from the Combined Intelligence Centre, Iraq, entitled 'The Sheikhdom of Mohammerah A Short History' and a Foreign Office report entitled 'British Relations with Khazal, Sheikh of Mohammerah'.

The principal correspondents are the following: the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait; the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. ; the British Consul, Khorramshahr; the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; the Secretary of State for India; the Foreign Office; His Majesty's Ambassador, Tehran; His Majesty's Ambassador, Baghdad; the Ruler of Kuwait, Shaikh Ahmed al Jabir As-Subah [Shaikh Aḥmad al-Jābir Āl Ṣabāḥ]; Shaikh Abdullah bin Khaz‘al.

Extent and format
1 file (252 folios)

The papers are arranged in chronological order from the front to the rear of the file. Circled serial numbers (red for received correspondence; blue/black for issued correspondence) refer to entries in the notes at the rear of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 254; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Additional foliation sequences, one of which is written in pencil and not circled (between ff 3-131 and ff 143-224), and one of which is written in pencil and circled (between ff 1-253), have been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 3/8 Affairs of Sh. Khaz`als sons.' [‎138v] (276/508), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/178, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 13 July 2024]

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