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'File 3/8 Affairs of Sh. Khaz`als sons.' [‎183r] (365/508)

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The record is made up of 1 file (252 folios). It was created in 15 Mar 1942-17 Aug 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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This loan was in respect of the erection of consular premises at Ahwaz,
tiie building of which had been commenced but had, after the fall of the Sheikh’
been abandoned owing to certain town-planning schemes. The Sheikh’s title to
the land in question was more than doubtful and he had none to the buildings
except tor the foundations; and it was not considered that he had any legal claim
n v Govei ” t of Indi * His Majesty’s Government in the
ru Forei § n Gffice successfully urged that the loan should be regarded
as a debt of honour and that it should be repaid on the grounds of His Majesty’s
^rnW^ 11161 ^ s . m °r a J. for doing anything possible for our former
p otege, who, m addition to his political fall, was now in grave financial straits.
o i \ he ^Payment of the loan m respect of the Ahwaz consular site was
i? 1 / l 111110 ^ im Portance although illustrative of His Majesty’s Govern-
ment s attitude. Of much greater importance, however, was the question of the
“ 8 dat f gardens m Iraq, regarding which assurances had been given in
1914 (see last paragraph of Document No. 6 in the Annex). A detailed account
of developments m this highly complicated question would be out of place in the
n Ut Very i briefl y th 5 Position was as follows. The assurance
to the bheikh was fully implemented during the period when His Majesty’s
Government m the Tnited Kingdom were responsible to the League of Nations
for the administration of Iraq, but successive Iraqi Governments refused to accept
con !f ltm K eilt , m thls assurance (and in a similar one given to tJhe
bheikh of Koweit) as binding upon Iraq after the establishment of the indepen-
svTtem of tL?t UntlT in 1932 ‘ • T i ^ year tlle Ira ^ i Government altered their
IsHhl^k n tl0n U n 0Ii * a f ri ? ultu ral Products by a measure known as the
but nrflph Tfn 1 ° f Which taxat 1 1 °n was no longer levied on the land itself
cr0p as Wer ? sold or ex P° rt ed. It was decided that, in the
comm^/me^ 1 ^ 6 !! fadure Po^ sua de the Iraqi Government to accept the financial
re^n^. ^ helkhs ’ an obligation to compensate the latter must
Ind 7 S The CaSeS of the Sheikhs of Mohammerah
and Koweit diftered m that the latter was nominally independent whereas the
^ • 1D t t ny CaSe t J le 1 5 uestion ar ose whether Sheikh Khazal could
" av f ? successor m the sense of the 1914 assurances. It was decided however
basls’as the Shaikh n^K be * r , eated d “ r ing bis life-time on tlhe same
basis as the Sheikh of Koweit and the whole question of compensation was under
active consideration when Khazal died. The decision was then reached that pav
r f . ^ lTh enSatl ° n f ° r ° SSeS m res P ect of Istihlak taxation should be mad P e to
i k a 8 heirs °? an ex - ( l r ^ la basis, and in 1940/41 the sum of £15 218 was
distributed among them m full and final settlement of past losses on account of
form^nf t 10n 1 ““ P ros l ,ective f «rther losses P from this or alternative
fn jt'l f taxa „ tloI l 011 the land or its produce; m return, the heirs (or their trustees
fnli th t?f Se ° f * “ mors ) , w ? re required to sign documents accepting payment as a
full settlement of any claims against His Majesty’s Government under the pledc-e
given to the Sheikh of Mohammerah m 1914 in this particular regard. P g
The fate of the British assurances.
twJLi ,^ hile l .’ ha ? be ^ n st ; en ’ the P oIic y of His Majesty’s Government after
e Sheikh s rebellion m 1924 had been to endeavour honourably to disembarrass
ver dfferent and thile Vhf gl ?f t0 him - in tij 2? S when oircumstances were
decLred that the 81,? f, n - Ct r f dm g of Whose assurances, have
ecmred that the bheikh s disregard of their advice both in 1924 and in 1925
had rendered the assurances null and void, the fact is that they never d"d so All
part^f’tl^lfah’lnd^no ° f Shelkh , and sub sequent acts of bad faith on the
b a 'v, Ue . b , hah > and , 110 purpose would have been served and the feelines of
an old and sick man, who still regarded His Majesty’s Government with fritndH
ness and loyalty, would have been deeply wounded by any”uch Ictln Th/
ofSsha 1 ^^ 8 ^™^’^^"^^^™^^^^ 1 ^^^^^y^^orornment^in’tlie’demand 'W/i944 156 ^
Majesty’s “m^^tto^t^ty s^tM ^
extended after the death of Khazal to his fam^ly w^s expk ned to His Ey ? s
Charge d Affaires in a despatch of the 29th August. 1944 After describing
why the assurances were not regarded in principle as having lapsed durine th?
S-heikhs lifetime, this despatch made the following points/— g “
(a) Hl ®/Hajesty’s Government need have no feelings of delicacy towards
rQOKK>n eikh Khaza S h® 11,8 ’ as the y had had towards the Sheikh himself
[3255 7 ] d 2
E 456, E 1836/

About this item


This file relates to the heirs of Shaikh Khaz‘al [Khaz‘al bin Jabir bin Merdaw Āl Ka‘bī], the late Arab Shaikh of Mohommerah [Khorramshahr], and their requests for British assistance.

The first few items of correspondence concern Shaikh Khaz‘al's eldest son, Shaikh Chassib bin Khaz‘al [Shaikh Chassib bin Khaz‘al Āl Ka‘bī], who is now living in Iraq and who is reported to have requested permission from the British Embassy at Baghdad to enter Iran (most of the correspondence in this file refers to Iran as Persia), for the purpose of personally pressing his claims to property belonging to his father, which had been sequestered by the late Shah [Reza Shah Pahlavi].

The remainder of the file relates to Shaikh Chassib's brother, Shaikh Abdullah bin Khaz‘al [Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Khaz‘al Āl Ka‘bī], and his wish to return to live in Persia, apparently peacefully, which is treated with suspicion by British officials. Much of the correspondence discusses whether Shaikh Abdullah, who has taken refuge in Kuwait after an unsuccessful attempt to return to live in Persia, should be given a British pension or an allowance, in order to prevent him from attempting to return to Persia, since it is deemed unlikely that he will receive any compensation from the Persian Government for the loss of his father's property.

Also included in the file are a copy of a document from the Combined Intelligence Centre, Iraq, entitled 'The Sheikhdom of Mohammerah A Short History' and a Foreign Office report entitled 'British Relations with Khazal, Sheikh of Mohammerah'.

The principal correspondents are the following: the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait; the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. ; the British Consul, Khorramshahr; the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; the Secretary of State for India; the Foreign Office; His Majesty's Ambassador, Tehran; His Majesty's Ambassador, Baghdad; the Ruler of Kuwait, Shaikh Ahmed al Jabir As-Subah [Shaikh Aḥmad al-Jābir Āl Ṣabāḥ]; Shaikh Abdullah bin Khaz‘al.

Extent and format
1 file (252 folios)

The papers are arranged in chronological order from the front to the rear of the file. Circled serial numbers (red for received correspondence; blue/black for issued correspondence) refer to entries in the notes at the rear of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 254; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Additional foliation sequences, one of which is written in pencil and not circled (between ff 3-131 and ff 143-224), and one of which is written in pencil and circled (between ff 1-253), have been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 3/8 Affairs of Sh. Khaz`als sons.' [‎183r] (365/508), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/178, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 13 July 2024]

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