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File 345/1908 Pt 1 'Mohammerah: situation. British assurances to Sheikh.' [‎174r] (352/416)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (203 folios). It was created in 1904-1910. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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of 1906
rltlssh .Jestdemey arid Ckxnoul ate*CeneraX»
Buehire* hj - aroh 190B
1 rcmif
a^or ‘•'♦a:.Co*, C«X• 'F «,
olitleal 9o»ident in the
Persian C^ulf*
But!er, Eequlre, C* X * V. • f
secretary to the Govemsient of India
In the Foreign Hepartment,
I have the honour to forward for information and aucli
cone .1 deration nit nay b* poaalble, copies of the undermentioned
(!)♦ A memoranaimi givliog details of an interview between ayeelf
acpOMp^nied by r* Conaui oDouall , and ihelkti x, ha sal of
Moliammerah on ?th January laot.
(li) # A letter, lio• 44 dated Frd February 1908, received from
H.a.f 1 © Vico Consul, Aliwaa, in which the latter re? orte the
purport of a conversation which he recently had with the
ivrhtyafri Klstana ^alar*l*Arfa and Sh&hab-©a-Cultaneh•
Hie Sheikh of i^oharnnemh asked me to await receipt of the
memorandum of Ctato expenditure which he was preparing, before
taking special action on his roprooontationa, and wven tii©
oumnary of the said document reached Bushiro I was away on tour;
meanwhile Captain Lorimer*# report also reached me.
f. In connection with the abovementioned naoore I bog to refer
to, and to quote for facility of reference, a memorandum recorded
by Sir Louis . ane at the time of the tour made by Hie Excellency
Lord CAarson and sir Arthur ; ardinge to th© Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. in tiie
winter of lift?,* The passage i refer to runs ao follower (vide

About this item


The correspondence discusses the situation regarding British assurances to the Sheikh of Mohammerah. The volume includes a description of the Sheikh's perception that, despite his good behaviour towards the British he has not been afforded the support provided to other Arab sheikhs in the Gulf as in Kuwait or Bahrain. Letters include an account of the explanation given to the Sheikh of Mohammerah that Britain recognized Bahrain and Kuwait as independent, in de jure as well as de facto terms; in contrast the British recognized the Shah's sovereignty over Mohammerah.

The correspondence discusses the practicalities of a customs arrangement between the Shah and the Sheikh of Mohammerah mediated by the British. Letters consider the circumstances under which Britain could intervene militarily to protect its interests in the Karun Valley in the event of disorder arising following interference by the Shah.

The correspondence discusses the scope and form of words of the assurance to be given to the Sheikh of Mohammerah and his male descendants, in the event of disorder following from a change in the Persian regime, be it of a royalist, nationalist, or constitutional nature as well as disputes with Bakhtiari khans.

Correspondents include: Shaikh Khazal Khan, Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. -i-Afra, the Shaikh of Mohammerah; The Confidential Agent of the Shaikh of Mohammerah; Major Percy Zachariah Cox, Her Majesty's Consul at Bushire; Sir Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Acting Consul of Mohammerah.

Each part includes a divider which gives the subject and part numbers, year the subject file was opened, subject heading, and list of correspondence references contained in that part by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (203 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume. The subject 345 (Mohammerah) consists of two volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/132-133. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 203; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the one leading flyleaf.

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English in Latin script
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File 345/1908 Pt 1 'Mohammerah: situation. British assurances to Sheikh.' [‎174r] (352/416), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/132, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 16 July 2024]

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