File 2182/1913 Pt 11 'Arabia: relations with BIN SAUD Hedjaz-Nejd Dispute' [306r] (166/678)
The record is made up of 1 item (336 folios). It was created in 16 Oct 1919-28 May 1920. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
repeated raids on Iraq; to tie turning tack from the
Holy Places of all Pilgrims who were unwilling to profess
Waliahi tenets: and possibly to costly and difficult
military operations, or, failing these, to a loss of
prestige for His Majesty's Government which His Lordship
would regard as a capital disaster.
His Majesty's Government have supported and
financed an Arab revolt against the Turks, headed by
King Hussein, who has consequently been recognised
by the Allied Powers as an independent sovereign.
They are also claiming from the Peace Conference a
special position in Arabia exclusive of the Hedjaz.
His Lordship considers that these two considerations
inevitably commit His Majesty's Government to doing
everything in their power to prevent the overrunning of
the independent Hedjaz by one of the rulers for whom they
will in the future be solely responsible. He fully
realizes the reluctance of Ibn Saud to meet King
Hussein at Jeddah, but he is not convinced from the infor
mation before him that the possible alternatives have been
put forward with sufficient force to Ibn Saud. His Lord-
ship still remains doubtful whether the alternative of a
meeting on board one of His Majesty's ships, which was
first suggested by Mr. Montagu in India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. telegram of
the 23rd. February to the Civil Commissioner, Baghdad, has
even been proposed to Ibn Saud. Nor is be convinced that the
About this item
Part 11 concerns British policy regarding the dispute between Bin Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd, also referred to in the correspondence as Ibn Saud] and King Hussein of Hejaz [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī, King of Hejaz] over Khurma and Tarabah [Turabah]. Much of the correspondence documents the efforts of the British to persuade the two leaders to agree to meet. It is initially proposed that the two should meet at Jeddah; however, it is reported by the Civil Commissioner, Baghdad, that Bin Saud refuses to meet King Hussein at Jeddah, Aden, or Cairo, and suggests a meeting at Baghdad instead. A number of other possibilities are discussed, including the following: the Secretary of State for India's proposal of a meeting of plenipotentiaries, either at Khurma or Tarabah, as an alternative to a meeting between the two leaders themselves; a suggestion by the High Commissioner, Egypt, that the two leaders meet in London; a proposal from Lord Curzon [George Nathaniel Curzon], Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, that Bin Saud should be induced to meet King Hussein on board a British ship at Jeddah, or, as is later suggested, at Aden.
Also included are the following:
- an account from Captain Norman Napier Evelyn Bray, political officer in charge of the Nejd Mission, which recounts the last days of the mission's stay in Paris, in late December 1919;
- a report from the High Commissioner, Egypt, on his recent meeting with King Hussein, which relays the latter's views on the allocation of control of Syria to France;
- discussion regarding the growing power and influence of Bin Saud's Akhwan [Ikhwan] forces;
- a note on the dispute by Harry St John Bridger, in which he volunteers to induce Bin Saud to agree to a meeting at any place (outside of Hejaz) suggested by His Majesty's Government;
- memoranda and diary entries written by the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain, Major Harold Richard Patrick Dickson, all of which discuss at length Dickson's interviews with Bin Saud at Hasa [Al Hasa] in January and February 1920;
- extracts from a report by the British Agent, Jeddah, Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Edwin Vickery, which recounts his recent interviews with King Hussein and the King's son, Emir Abdullah [ʿAbdullāh bin Ḥusayn al-Hāshimī].
The item features the following principal correspondents:
- Secretary to the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. 's Political Department (John Evelyn Shuckburgh);
- Civil Commissioner, Baghdad [held in an officiating capacity by Lieutenant-Colonel Arnold Talbot Wilson];
- High Commissioner, Egypt (Field Marshal Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby);
- Secretary of State for India [Edwin Samuel Montagu];
- Foreign Office;
- British Agent, Jeddah (Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Edwin Vickery);
- Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain (Major Harold Richard Patrick Dickson);
- Bin Saud;
- Viceroy of India [Frederic John Napier Thesiger].
- Extent and format
- 1 item (336 folios)
- Written in
- English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script View the complete information for this record
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