File 2182/1913 Pt 9 'Arabia Policy towards Bin Saud' [34r] (65/406)
The record is made up of 1 item (203 folios). It was created in 27 Dec 1918-2 Jun 1919. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
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! 9! 9
Telegram P., dated the 24th (received 26th)^December 1918,
Prom—His Majesty’s Secretary of State for Indih. London,
To His Excellency the Viceroy (Foreign ^Political Department), Delhi.
(Addressed Baghdad.) ^
His Majesty’s Government accept the view that message proposed in my
• Serial No. 66 . telegram,* dated the 13th December,
Baghdsid to Ibn Sand. With as little deky a^possibirplise arrln^aelo?™
This refers to the telegrams from the High Commissioner, Egypt Cairo,
+ t C/ 8 .S„ N 6 8 ro - f™/ i* 94 >+ 1 and 19 °9.J dated the 17th and
19th December, respectively.
Mo. 26723-127—44, dated Baghdad, the £7th November 1918.
From— Brevet Lieutenant-Colonel A. T. Wilson, C.M G C T P 1 n ^ n
Officiating Civil Commissioner, Baghdad, ’ "
To-The Hon’blb Sir Hamilton Grant, K.C.I.E., C.S.I., Foreign Secretary to the
Government of India in the Foreign and Political Department, Delhi.
I have the honour to enclose, for the information of the Government of
§ Placed at end of Proceeding. India, 100 Copies of a reportS by
. , a v ,j i a • -i ®t. J. Philby, C.I.E., I.C.S., on his
M ission to Abdul Aziz ibn Abdul Rahman ibn Saud, Ruler of Najd.
2 . It is not too much to say that no previous British Mission in Central
Arabia has yielded such valuable results, both political and geographical.
3. ^ Politically, the results are at first sight of a negative nature, compared
to the violent movements which have been excited elsewhere in Arabia ; the
fact, however, that we have first hand information from a competent source,
of the real feelings of the Ruler of Najd and his people during this crisis of
their affairs is of the greatest permanent value.
4. Geographically, the positive results gained are of the greatest value ;
a large area has been traversed for the first time by a European under
conditions which enabled him to take notes and make enquiries with full
acquaintance of the work of previous travellers.
5. Mr. Philby is now on his way to Egypt at my request to confer with
the High Commissioner, preparatory to proceeding on leave which he has so
well-earned and I am glad to have the opportunity of placing on record my
appreciation of the ability and devotion to duty which he has displayed in the
conduct of this Mission.
6 . I have sent a copy of this letter with 100 copies of the report to the
Secretary of State for India and High Commissioner, Cairo.
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About this item
Part 9 primarily concerns the dispute between Bin Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and King Hussein of Hejaz [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī, King of Hejaz], and British policy towards both. The item includes the following:
- a note by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. 's Political Department, entitled 'Arabia: The Nejd-Hejaz Feud', which laments the fact that relations between Bin Saud and King Hussein have to some extent been reflected in the views of the two administrations with which they have respectively been brought into contact (i.e. the sphere of Mesopotamia and the Government of India in Bin Saud's case, and the Cairo administration in King Hussein's case);
- reports on the presence of Akhwan [Ikhwan] forces in Khurma and debate as to which ruler has the stronger claim to it;
- attempts by the British to ascertain whether or not a treaty exists between King Hussein and Bin Saud;
- a copy of a report by Harry St John Bridger Philby entitled 'Report on Najd Mission 1917-1918', which includes as appendices a précis of British relations with Bin Saud and a copy of the 1915 treaty between Bin Saud and the British government;
- reports of alleged correspondence between Bin Saud and Fakhri Pasha, Commander of the Turkish [Ottoman] forces at Medina;
- reports of the surrender of Medina by Ottoman forces;
- discussion as to whether Britain should intervene further in the dispute between Bin Saud and King Hussein;
- details of the proposals discussed at an inter-departmental conference on Middle Eastern affairs, which was held at Cairo in February 1919;
- reports that King Hussein's son Abdulla [ʿAbdullāh bin al-Ḥusayn] and his forces have been attacked at Tarabah [Turabah] by Akhwan forces and driven out.
The principal correspondents are the following:
- Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , temporarily based in Baghdad [Lieutenant-Colonel Arnold Talbot Wilson, acting Resident in Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Percy Zachariah Cox's absence];
- Civil Commissioner, Baghdad [held in an officiating capacity by Lieutenant-Colonel Arnold Talbot Wilson];
- High Commissioner, Egypt (General Sir Francis Reginald Wingate, succeeded by General Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby);
- Milne Cheetham, Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. , Cairo;
- Secretary to the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. 's Political Department (John Evelyn Shuckburgh);
- Bin Saud;
- King Hussein;
- Feisal [Fayṣal bin Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī], son of King Hussein;
- Foreign Office;
- Secretary of State for India [Edwin Samuel Montagu];
- Harry St John Bridger Philby.
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