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'IRAQ AND THE PERSIAN GULF' [‎144v] (293/862)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (430 folios). It was created in 1944. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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to Iraq for the winter: rooks, song-thrushes, chaffinches, various birds
of prey, and a large number of waders. A few choose Iraq as their
breeding-ground, such as the Persian bee-eater and the grey-backed
warbler. Finally there are the resident birds, but their total is smaller
than the visitors; they include babblers, bulbuls, scrub-warblers, and
Two forms of hooded crow are found in Iraq: one, Sharpe’s crow,
which has a dark grey mantle, is a winter visitor from the Persian
plateau; the other, the Iraqi crow, in which the back is almost white, is
a resident; both are familiar near Basra. Flocks of rooks accompanied
by a few jackdaws are not uncommon in winter and, at the same
season, vast flocks of starlings may be seen in the evenings near Basra
making for their roosting quarters. Linnets, goldfinches, and
chaffinches are winter visitors as far south as Amara, and everywhere
the house-sparrow inhabits the towns and villages, while the brighter
coloured and more heavily marked Spanish sparrow only comes for the
winter. Much less common—but a characteristic bird—is the little
scrub sparrow, a miniature house-sparrow with a yellow patch on the
sides of the neck. It breeds in tamarisk trees and makes a nest like a
magpie’s with an entrance at the top.
Among the buntings, the ortolan is a passage migrant, the common
a local resident, and a number of others are winter visitors in small
numbers. About mid-October hordes of short-toed larks arrive to
winter on the open plains and, at the same time, eastern skylarks take
up their quarters in the more cultivated areas. The crested lark,
similar to the French bird, is a common resident, and in the desert
west of the Euphrates the bifasciated or hoopoe lark occurs at all
seasons. Water-pipits frequent flooded areas in winter, and tawny
pipits the drier parts. Large numbers of wagtails, both black-headed
and blue-headed, pass through on migration, but only the white wag
tail stays the winter. Great grey and isabelline shrikes are met with in
the cold season, while the woodchat and masked and red-backed
shrikes are passage migrants. One of the most interesting birds is
the grey hypocolius which nests near Baghdad and elsewhere when the
dates are ripening; it is about the size of a bulbul with a longer tail
and is greyish-brown in colour. Its relationship is obscure and it is
a great wanderer, having occurred in Sind and near Bombay.
The white-eared bulbul is common at Basra and extends up the
river to Baghdad. During the spring and autumn migrating spotted
flycatchers, willow warblers, chiffchaffs, reed warblers, garden and
many other European warblers may be met with. The olivaceous

About this item


The volume is titled Iraq and the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. (London: Naval Intelligence Division, 1944).

The report contains preliminary remarks by the Director of Naval Intelligence, 1942 (John Henry Godfrey) and the Director of Naval Intelligence, 1944 (E G N Rushbrook).

There then follows thirteen chapters:

  • I. Introduction.
  • II. Geology and description of the land.
  • III. Coasts of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. .
  • IV. Climate, vegetation and fauna.
  • V. History.
  • VI. People.
  • VII. Distribution of the people.
  • VIII. Administration and public life.
  • IX. Public health and disease.
  • X. Irrigation, agriculture, and minor industry.
  • XI. Currency, finance, commerce and oil.
  • XII. Ports and inland towns.
  • XIII. Communications.
  • Appendices: stratigraphy; meteorological tables; ten historical sites, chronological table; weights and measures; authorship, authorities and maps.

There follows a section listing 105 text figures and maps and a section listing over 200 illustrations.

Extent and format
1 volume (430 folios)

The volume is divided into a number of chapters, sub-sections whose arrangement is detailed in the contents section (folios 7-13) which includes a section on text-figures and maps, and list of illustrations. The volume consists of front matter pages (xviii), and then a further 682 pages in the original pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 430; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the file also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'IRAQ AND THE PERSIAN GULF' [‎144v] (293/862), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/64, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 19 July 2024]

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