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The record is made up of 1 volume (88 folios). It was created in 1913. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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W &
Annuals. —There are few horses, mules or donkeys, in the district. The
people are not really migratory, and do not need them. Their winter
quarters are in the valleys ; their summer camps in the hills, 6 miles or so off.
Mule breeding does not seem to be practised, though these animals are fre
quently stolen from the Bakhtiari road. Bullocks are commonly in use for
local transport, but even these only suffice for actual requirements. See
Trade. —The principal exports, are ghi, wool and country cloth, rope of
goat-hair, skins, and walnuts. In return, felt, cotton cloth, iron goods,
tea, sugar, itc., are purchased at Ramuz or Behbehan, as well as arms and
ammunition. Some trade, especially that of the Buir Ahmadi, goes to
Ardakan. The Bahmai deal mainly with Ramuz. This traffic, such as it is,
is carried on, not by the tribesmen themselves, but by agents, whose general
usefulness ensures the safety of their caravans wherever they may go. Such
men form the necessary link between the various hostile tribes, and the
external markets.
Arts and Crafts. —The women of the tribe weave coarse woollen carpets
and gilims from wool produced by their own flocks, the dyes being obtained
from the trade marts mentioned above. Unfortunately, however, the
practice of using an admixture of aniline with fast dyes is on the increase,
to the detriment of the industry concerned. The women also weave coarse
woollen wrappings (Lur : Khur) about 9' 6" by 3', which are used chiefly for
sewing up into sacks fer the transport of grain, etc. The black goats’ hair
cloth, used exclusive’y in the construction of their tents, is also woven by the
women and gills of the tribe, usually in lengths of about 20' by 3'.
Crafts found among the tribe are few and of the very simplest nature, the
moy ccirmcn being that of the blacksmith, with here and there an armourer
or a carpenter, and each sub-division has its own £ ‘ medicine man.”
Minerals.—In n : s found in the Tang -i-Maghar, and coal and lignite in
that place and the Kfih-i-Dinar in Bf ir Ahmadi country. Oil and bitumen
are obtained in a valley close to, and east of the Tang-i-Tikan, and in a valley
near Tashan (q.v.). At the Tang-i-Tikan the oil exists in a form which is
technically known as “ shows ” and flows into a local stream, on the surface
of which it is borne away. Sulphur is found at Tang-i-BTn, Tang-i-Bizak,
Tang-i-Shibr, off the Tang-i-Chavil, and from numerous sulphur springs.
Mumai, or “ mumani ” as it is called by the Kuhgalu, is found in various
places in their country ; the best being obtained at Tang-i-Tikan, whence 200
misqdls are taken annually to Behbehan and there sold for export to various
parts of Persia. It s also found at Tang-i-Bin, Kuh-i-Bivara, and Kaleh
Nauzar (Kaleh Nadir). It is a black wax-like substance valued for its healing

About this item


The volume consists of corrections to the Gazetteer of Persia Volume III (1910 Edition). This volume was produced in 1913 (4th series) by the General Staff, India.

The gazetteer includes entries on villages, towns, administrative divisions, districts, provinces, tribes, halting-places, religious sects, mountains, hills, streams, rivers, springs, wells, dams, passes, islands and bays. The entries provide details of latitude, longitude, and elevation for some places, and information on history, communications, agriculture, produce, population, health, water supply, topography, climate, military intelligence, coastal features, ethnography, trade, economy, administration and political matters.

Printed at the Government Monotype Press, Simla.

Extent and format
1 volume (88 folios)

The entries are arranged in alphabetical order from front to back, with cross-references where required.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 88; these numbers are printed or in pencil, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'CORRECTIONS TO GAZETTEER OF PERSIA. VOLUME III' [‎49r] (99/180), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/143, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 February 2020]

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