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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎10v] (25/220)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (106 folios). It was created in 1911. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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10
Garrison.
, from the severity of the winters in this elevated country by the hills around it.
It lies in an open cultivated valley with the high peaks of Uvada and U va Anga *
to the west, the spurs from which fall to the town. To the south is the high
range of Dushand, 10,000 feet.
The high mountain called Kuh-Abidar is not more
Streets. than 1,000 paces from the town.
The streets of Senna are narrow, tortuous or winding, and dirty.
The Governor lives in a fine castellated palace, built on the top of a small
hill in the centre of the town by Sulaiman Khan,
^ >a * ace * and embellished by the following Valis, and notably
by Hasan ’Ali Khan and Amanullah Khan Buzurg. Its water-supply is got by a
qanat known as Qanat Hasan ’Ali Khan which brings water from Dasht
Sarnudi, east of the town.
Haji Farhad Mirza Mu’tamad-ud-Dauleh had barracks for one regiment
built in front of the Governor’s palace, some 34
Barracks. years ago. They were repaired by Mirza Muham
mad Khan Iqbal-ul-Mulk.
There are nominally a battalion of infantry, a squadron of cavalry, and a bat
tery of artillery in garrison here. There are six
old bronze guns.
Senna has 37 mosques and madrassehs and 31 hammams. Most houses
have flowing water in their courtyards.
Public buildings,
Amongst the mosques we may mention that known as Dar-ul-
Ahsan, built by Amanullah Khan Buzurg a
Mosques. century ago, since which time it has never
been repaired This mosque is fine and large, has 24 stone columns,
and is covered with tiles, on which, it is said, is written the whole
of the Koran. The prayers are said in the mosque in accordance with the
precepts of Imam Shafi’ Muhammad ibn Idris. The revenues of the village
of Aklijan have been settled for the maintenance of this mosque, but through
the carelessness and incompetence of successive ’governors, the endowments have
been done away with and the mosque is in a dilapidated condition. The madras-
seh (theological college) attached to this mosque, which in the time of Amanullah
Khan Buzurg had obtained for itself the rank of Dar-ul-Ilm in Persia, has now
no more pupils to boast of.
We may also mention the mosque “ Dar-ul-Aman,” which was built
in 1268 A. * H. (1852) by Amanullah Khan Kuchick, known as Ghulam
Shah Khan. Imamzadeh Pir Omar is buried
Immamzadehs. ^ £ 0wn an j h} s remains rest under a
large cupola, which has been covered with fine mirror-work by Muhammad
Ibrahim. Khan, Nizam-ud-Dauleh in 1306 A. H. (1889). From minute enquiries
and notwithstanding versions to the contrary my informant tells me
that : ' “ this Pir Omar, it appears, is descended from Imam-’Ali ibn Abi-
Talab as follows: Omar ibn Yahia, ibn Husain the martyr, ibn Zeid the
martyr, ibn ’Ali Zein-ul-Abdin, ibn Husain, ibn ’Ali, ibn Abi Talab.”
*Pfobably Abidar and Ab-i-Hang,
and A whang.
or in Kurdish Avidar and Avihang, or Avdar

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Content

Confidential report compiled by Hyacinth Louis Rabino. The report was printed in Simla at the Government Monotype Press, 1911.

The report is divided into three parts (I-III), as follows:

Part I: Geographical and Commercial Notes (folios 6-39) with sections on the province of Kurdistan (including information on cultivation, population, revenue, roads, imports/exports, and the capital, Senna), its tribes (including statistics on population, land, and residences), rivers, and mountains, and appendices comprised of government lists of villages.

Part II: History (folios 40-54) with a chart showing the Valis and Provincial Governors of Kurdistan for the years 1169-1905 (folio 41).

Part III: Gazetteer of Kurdistan (folios 55-104) arranged alphabetically.

At the back of the volume is a glossary (folios 105-06) including notes on the weights used in Kurdistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (106 folios)
Arrangement

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (f 5) which refers to the volume's original pagination.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 108; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Report on Kurdistan' [‎10v] (25/220), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/21, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100038753253.0x00001a> [accessed 30 March 2020]

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