Coll 6/64 'South-Eastern Boundaries in [Arabia] – Anglo-Turkish Convention of 1913. Attitude of U.S.A.' [86v] (172/183)
The record is made up of 1 file (90 folios). It was created in 29 Jul 1913-27 Jul 1934. It was written in English, French and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
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searched, whenever and wherever they may be fallen in with
on the seas, by the cruisers of the British Government; and,
further, that upon its being ascertained that the crews have
carried off (literally “stolen ”) and embarked slaves, their vessels
shall be liable to seizure and confiscation by the aforesaid cruisers.
(Sealed by Sultan-bin-Suergar.)
Similar agreement signed by Sheikh Rashed-bin-Hamid, of
Ejrnan; Sheikh Muktoom-bin-Butye, of Debay; Sheikh Khuleefa-
bin-Shakbout, of Aboo Dhebbee.
Agreement entered into by Sheikh Sultan-bin-Suggur, Chief
of Ras-ool-Kheimah, dated off Ras-ool-Kheimah, July 3,
I, Sultan-bin-Suggur, Sheikh of Joasmee tribe, do hereby
declare that I bind and pledge myself to the British Government
in the following engagements :—
That the Government cruisers, whenever they meet any vessel
belonging to myself or my subjects beyond direct line drawn from
Cape Dalgado, passing 2 degrees seaward of the island of Socotra,
and ending at Cape Guadel, and shall suspect that such vessel is
engaged m the slave trade, the said cruisers are permitted to
detain and search it.
Should it on examination be proved that any vessel belonging
to myself or my subjects is carrying slaves, whether men, women,
or children, for sale beyond the aforesaid line, then the Govern
ment cruisers shall seize and confiscate such vessel and her cargo.
But if the aforesaid vessel shall pass beyond the aforesaid line
owing to stress of weather, or other case of necessity not under
control, then she shall not be seized.
As the selling of males and females, whether grown up or
young, who are “hoor,” or free, is contrary to the Mahommedan
religion, and whereas the Soomalee tribe is included in the “ hoor,”
or free, I, Sultan-bin-Suggur, do hereby agree that the sale of
males and females, whether young or old, of the Soomalee tribe,
shall be considered as piracy, and that after four months from this
About this item
This file relates to boundaries in eastern Arabia (specifically Saudi Arabia and Qatar). It concerns British policy regarding what is referred to as the 'blue line' (the frontier which marked the Ottoman Government's renunciation of its claims to Bahrain and Qatar, as laid down in the non-ratified Anglo-Ottoman Convention of 1913 and redefined and adopted in the Anglo-Ottoman Convention of the following year).
Much of the correspondence relates to a request for a copy of the 1913 Anglo-Ottoman Convention, which was submitted by the United States Embassy in Angora [Ankara] to its British counterpart (reportedly on behalf of the United States' State Department), as well as to the wider significance of this request in relation to the United States' oil interests in the region.
The correspondence also discusses Foreign Office concerns that aerial survey work carried out by the California Arabian Standard Oil Company (Casoc) in relation to its Hasa oil concession might extend beyond the blue line (subsequent correspondence relays reports of Casoc's aeroplane having crossed the blue line).
Although the date range of the file is 1913-1934 most of the material dates from 1934. In addition to correspondence from 1934, the file includes two letters between officials of the Foreign Office and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. dating from 1924, and printed copies of the Anglo-Ottoman Conventions of 1913 and 1914 (in English and French), both of which contain enclosed maps (with text in English and Arabic). Also included with the Conventions are printed copies of agreements and treaties between Britain and various Gulf rulers, covering 1820-1904, and printed copies of Anglo-Ottoman protocols, covering 1903-1905.
Notable correspondents include the following: the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard Craven William Fowle); the British Ambassador in Angora (Percy Loraine); Hugh Millard, United States Embassy, London; officials of the Foreign Office and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. .
The file includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence (folio 2).
- Extent and format
- 1 file (90 folios)
The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 91; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.
- Written in
- English, French and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script View the complete information for this record
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Coll 6/64 'South-Eastern Boundaries in [Arabia] – Anglo-Turkish Convention of 1913. Attitude of U.S.A.' [86v] (172/183), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2131, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100039921442.0x0000af> [accessed 18 November 2019]
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