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Coll 6/84 'Yemen: Attitude of Yemeni Govt. towards the Italo-Ethiopian dispute. Policy of H.M.G. in event of Italian occupation of Yemeni territory.' [‎76r] (151/699)

The record is made up of 1 file (348 folios). It was created in 22 Mar 1934-1 Nov 1939. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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THE SUB-COMMITTEE had he fore them 'the following
papers dealing with the future policy in regard to the
A. Note by the Secretary covering a report dated 19th
February, 1957, by the Chiefs of Staff Sub-Committee
on the Strategic Importance of the Yemen (Paper No.
M.E.(O) 224).
B. A letter from the Foreign Office dated 21st May, 1937,
to the Secretary of the Sub •'Commit tee with the
following enclosures
(i) Despatch No. 1383 of the 17th December, 1936
from H.M. Ambassador in Cairo, enclosing a
report dated the 31st October, 1936 by the
Sudan Government Intelligence Officer, on the
general position of His Majesty’s Government
in the Middle East.
(ii) Despatch No. 1385 of the 18th December, 1936 from
H.M. Ambassador in Cairo, drawing attention to
the dangers of increasing Italian activity in
the Yemen.
(iii) Foreign Office despatch No, 81 of the 25th January
to H.M. Ambassador in Cairo commenting on (i)
and inviting a further expression of Sir Miles
Lampson’s views.
(iv) Despatch No. 223 of the 18th February from H.M.
Ambassador in Cairo replying to (iii) and
suggesting that H,M. Government should make a
declaration to trie effect that they would not
tolerate the domination by any European Power
of the Arabian countries bordering the Red Sea.
(v) Foreign Office despatch No. 182 of the 24-th
February to H.M. Ambassador in Rome recording a
conversation between Mr. Rendel of the Foreign
Office and Signor Crolla, the Counsellor of the
Italian Embassy in London, about the policy of
H.M. Government and of the Italian Government in
regard to the Yemen.
(vi) Rome Despatch No. 218 of the 15th March, 1937,
regarding Italian policy on the Arabian coast
of the Red Sea.
(vii) Despatch No. 41 of the 23rd March from H.M.
Minister in JedEa enclosing a record of various
conversations between King Ibn Saud on the one
hand and the Minister and Mr. Rendel, Foreign
Office, on the other.
(viii) Despatch No. 44 of the 25th March from H.M.
Minister in Jed^a illustrating the dangers
of the internal situation in the

About this item


This file relates to Italian activities in the Middle East, particularly in the Yemen. The correspondence includes discussion of the following:

  • British policy in the event of the Italians occupying Sheikh Said [Ra’s Shaykh Sa‘īd], or any other part of the Yemen.
  • The Yemen's position in the Italo-Abyssinian conflict [Italo-Ethiopian War].
  • Relations between Ethiopia and the Yemen.
  • Italian activities in the Yemen.
  • British suspicions regarding Italian activities in the Yemen.
  • Future British policy in the Yemen.
  • Internal affairs in the Yemen.
  • Anglo-Italian relations in the Middle East, and the likelihood of Italy violating the Rome Understanding of 1927.
  • Ibn Saud's [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] view on Italian activity in the region.
  • The visits of Italian destroyers to Kamaran Island in March 1937 and January 1938.
  • British and French concerns that Italy, following its denunciation of the Franco-Italian Agreement of 1935, seeks possession of the Island of Doumeira [Dumēra Desēt, Red Sea, also spelled Dumeira in the file], currently under French control.

The file features the following principal correspondents: His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, succeeded by Sir Reader William Bullard); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Aden (Sir Bernard Rawdon Reilly); the Governor of Aden (Reilly again); the High Commissioner, Cairo (Sir Miles Lampson); His Majesty's Ambassador in Cairo (Lampson again); His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires, Alexandria (John Cecil Sterndale Bennett); His Majesty's Ambassador in Paris (Eric Phipps); His Majesty's Ambassador in Rome (Eric Drummond); the British Consul General, Jibuti [Djibouti] (Herbert George Jakins); the British Naval Commander-in-Chief, East Indies Station (Vice-Admiral Alexander Robert Maule Ramsay); the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Anthony Eden); the Secretary of State for the Colonies (James Henry Thomas, succeeded by William George Arthur Ormsby-Gore); officials of the Foreign Office, the Colonial Office, and the Air Ministry.

In addition to correspondence, the file includes the following: copies of extracts from Aden political intelligence summaries; copies of the minutes of meetings of the Committee of Imperial Defence's Standing Official Sub-Committee for Questions Concerning the Middle East, dated 26 November 1935, 14 December 1936, and 8 June 1937 respectively; a copy of a translation of a treaty of friendship and commerce between the Ethiopian and Yemeni governments, which was ratified on 21 September 1935.

The file includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence (folios 2).

Extent and format
1 file (348 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 349; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 6/84 'Yemen: Attitude of Yemeni Govt. towards the Italo-Ethiopian dispute. Policy of H.M.G. in event of Italian occupation of Yemeni territory.' [‎76r] (151/699), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2157, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 March 2020]

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