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Coll 17/15(2) 'Relations with Persia: Persia-Iraq frontier; Persia's claim in the Shatt-el-Arab' [‎111r] (232/1010)

The record is made up of 1 volume (502 folios). It was created in 21 Feb 1935-15 Jan 1936. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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There was an obscurity
the proposed definition of aggression,
to he cleared up here, hut Nuri Pasha hoped that it might he
disposed of in time for the Pact to he initialled ad referendum
to the three Governments, tomorrow, October 1st. The Pact
was to consist of six articles. A small complication had
arisen over a proposal emanating from either the Persians or
the Afghans that Afghanistan should have the option of becom
ing a party to it. But Nuri had resisted this, as he felt
that Iraq was too remote from Afghanistan to enter into any
commitments with Afghanistan at this stage. It was not clear,
however, whether he might not write a letter on this point
which might still leave the door open for Afghanistan to
come in at a later stage.
4. The second instrument was a treaty (consisting of
22 articles) for the peaceful settlement of international
disputes between Persia and Iraq. Nuri was, generally speak
ing, quite happy about this, as it was closely based on •=■ model
treaty which had been devised by a League Committee, of which
Sir W.Malkin had been a member, in 1928. The only point in
doubt here arises out of Article 20 which referred to the rights
of third parties. Nuri hoped that this point might be cleared
up in time to allow the Treaty to be initialled tomorrow,
October 1st, but he seemed a little doubtful.
5. The third instrument was far more important and was
the much discussed perso-Iraqi Treaty of Friendship. Th.re
have been a great number of texts of this Treaty and Mr.
Sterndale-Bennett told me this morning over the telep
that they had superseded each otherwith such rapidity that
not even he could find his way about them. I understand
.-.-i -y .q hp'pe on October 2nd, will be
that Mr. Bdmonas, who will be neie o
able/

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Content

This volume is a continuation of Collection 17/5, and contains papers regarding negotiations between Persia [Iran] and Iraq at the League of Nations in 1935, mediated by Italian delegate Baron Pompeo Aloisi. The papers primarily consist of communications regarding the negotiations submitted to the Foreign Office by HM Ambassadors at Rome, Teheran and Baghdad, as well as comments by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Political Department, the Admiralty, and representatives of the Governments of Persia, Iraq, and Italy.

The negotiations concerned the frontier line along the Shatt el-Arab, the possibility of granting a Persian anchorage at Abadan [Ābādān], the rights of Persian and British warships to traverse and refuel on the river, and the proposed establishment of a Conservancy Board. Following negotiations in Geneva, Rome and Tehran, the Persian and Iraqi Governments had practically agreed on three instruments: a pact of non-aggression, to be signed by Iraq, Persia and Turkey; a treaty for the peaceful settlement of international disputes between Persia and Iraq; and a treaty of friendship, which would settle the frontier question and establish the Conservancy Board.

In addition to the correspondence, the volume contains: documents circulated by the Council of the League of Nations; Reports on the Sessions of the Council submitted to the Foreign Office by C J Edmonds, Second Adviser to the Iraqi Ministry of Foreign Affairs; multiple drafts of the treaty of friendship and non-aggression treaties; and copies of notes exchanged by the Iraqi and Persian Ministers at the League of Nations. A number of these documents are written in French.

The volume includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. This is placed at the end of the correspondence (folio 1).

Extent and format
1 volume (502 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 498; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 1-498; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 17/15(2) 'Relations with Persia: Persia-Iraq frontier; Persia's claim in the Shatt-el-Arab' [‎111r] (232/1010), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2870, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100045015590.0x000021> [accessed 5 April 2020]

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