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Coll 30/83 'QATAR OIL CONCESSION, POLICY AND PROTECTION.' [‎232r] (474/1018)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (505 folios). It was created in 29 Dec 1933-12 Jul 1935. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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2.
n
(v)/
terms wmoh the Anglo-Persian Oil Company Limited might offer.
(iii). With the authority of His Majesty's Government,
Shaikh ’Abdullah, who was manifestly afraid of King Bin
Sa’ud, was warned that he must adhere strictly to his Treaty
obligations and that he must, therefore, cease to have any
relations, the existence of which he admitted, save those of
courtesy (for example, ’Id greetings), with King Bin Sa’ud.
He was informed that the British Government regarded
exploration facilities as being part and parcel of a
concession and that he could not, therefore, under the terms
of his Treaty, grant such facilities, and would not be
permitted to do so. Shaikh ’Abdullah, threatened to leave
Q,atar (a dire threat in Arab eyes) and also said that he would
give a concession t o no one. He was reminded that if he were
to refuse the good money which/as offered, his relations and
people would probably give him great trouble..
Shaikh ’Abdullah was further informed that in return
for their iiastence on their Treaty rights, His Majesty’s
Government were prepared to give him protection by land
against the attack of a great enemy or against big raids, in
addition to the protection by sea which he already enjoyed.
Shaikh ’Abdullah asked that these matters should be
put down in writing and an exchange of letters ensued , This
assured him that His Majesty's Government were in earnest,
and his attitude changed for the better.
(iv). The position at present is that Shaikh
’Abdullah has been warned clearly of the attitude of His
Majesty’s Government, and is apparently prepared to endeavour
to come to terms with the Anglo-Persian Oil Company, but the
gulf between his demands and their offer is still wide. The
Standard Oil Company of California are, however, apparently
making every effort to secure a concession in Qatar and the
struggle is by no means over.

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Content

The volume concerns British Government policy towards Qatar in the light of the bid by the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC) to obtain a concession from the Shaikh of Qatar (Abdullah bin Qasim al Thani [‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī]) to produce oil in the country. The British Government were keen that the concession should be obtained by a British company (APOC) and not by the Americans (Standard Oil Company of California). The oil concession was granted to APOC in 1935.

The papers include: discussion of policy by various British Government departments and officials (notably the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Trenchard Craven William Fowle; the Government of India, Foreign and Political Department; and the Foreign Office); the security of Qatar against raids from the Arabian interior; relations between Qatar and Ibn Saud [Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd, King of Saudi Arabia]; the decision of the British Government to offer military protection to Qatar in exchange for the granting of the oil concession to APOC (including discussions by the Committee of Imperial Defence, and its Standing Official Sub-committee for Questions concerning the Middle East); the development of air facilities in Qatar as a means of protecting the state, including correspondence from the Air Ministry; discussion of the Qatar boundary; note of a conversation between the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. and Haji Williamson (folios 147-148); the surrender to the British Government of jurisdiction over British subjects, British-protected persons, and non-Muslim foreigners in Qatar; the recognition of Shaikh Hamad as successor to the Shaikh of Qatar; British opposition to a request by the Shaikh of Qatar for machine guns and armoured cars, because of the provocative effect this would have on Ibn Saud (folios 33-35); agreement that the 1916 treaty between the British Government and the Shaikh of Qatar should be binding on his heirs and successors; and the terms on which military protection was to be afforded by the British Government (folios 12-14).

The papers also include correspondence between the Shaikh of Qatar and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .

The papers include one item of an earlier date than the main date range: a copy of the 1916 treaty between the British Government and the Shaikh of Qatar (folios 451-452).

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (505 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 501; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the two leading and ending flyleaves. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 30/83 'QATAR OIL CONCESSION, POLICY AND PROTECTION.' [‎232r] (474/1018), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3800, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100057526958.0x00004b> [accessed 24 February 2020]

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