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The record is made up of 1 items. It was created in 1860/1869. It was written in English. The original is part of the Qatar National Library.

About this record


This mid-19th-century British map shows the Arabian Peninsula and neighboring parts of Africa, including Egypt, the Sudan, and Abyssinia. The traditional Greek and Roman division of Arabia into the three parts of Arabia Petraea, Arabia Deserta, and Arabia Felix is used. Qatar is shown as Catura. Also indicated are Oman, Bahrain, and the territories of Mecca and Medina. The map emphasizes the vast, empty interior of the peninsula with such annotations as “great space covered with sand” and “deserts very barren and continued between Mekka and Oman.” Four different caravan routes for pilgrims to the city of Mecca are shown: the Damascus route from the north; the Turkish and African route across the Sinai Peninsula; the Persian route to the northeast; and the Indian route to a port on the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The locations of water wells along the Persian and Indian caravan routes are indicated.

Extent and format
1 items
Physical characteristics

1 map : color ; 22 x 32 centimeters

Written in
English in Latin script

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
Qatar National Library
Access conditions


Archive reference

History of this record

1860/1869 (CE, Gregorian)

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Arabia, Qatar National Library, 12884, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 24 February 2020]

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