Kitāb manāfi‘ al-aḥjār wa-qīmatihā wa-usūlihā كتاب منافع الأحجار وقيمتها وأصولها Tīfāshī, Aḥmad ibn Yūsuf تيفاشي، أحمد بن يوسف

Or 1198

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The record is made up of Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. i+60+ii. It was created in 15 Jumādá II 799. It was written in Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: Oriental Manuscripts.

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Content

A treatise on precious stones by Aḥmad ibn Yūsuf al-Tīfāshī. Transcribed by a single scribe who completed his work on 15 Jumādá II 799 AH (16 March AD 1397), and signed his name illegibly at the bottom of f. 60r.

Al-Tīfāshī composed the text in 640 AH and gave it the title by which it is more commonly known, but not mentioned in this copy, Azhār al-afkār fī jawāhir al-aḥjār (أزهار الأفكار في جواهر الأحجار).

F. 60v contains 11 lines of poetry transcribed by another hand.

Begins (f. 1v, lines 1-4):

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم وما توفيقي إلا بالله عليه توكلت

قال العبد الفقير إلى الله عز وجل أحمد بن يوسف التيفاشي

عفا الله عنه هذا كتاب غريب الوضع عجيب الجمع عظيم النفع

ضمنته ذكر الأحجار التي توجد في خزائن الملوك ذخائر الرؤساء

Ends (ff. 59v, line 11-60r, line 3):

وإن أردت أن ترى البيت كأنه لؤلؤة يجد من الطلق المحلول وأجعله في

أجانة ثم خذ صمغًا غريسًا (sic) مثل ثلاثة مدقوقًا فألفه عليه ثم أصرٮه (sic) بالماء

حتى شرق ثم حصص البيت بجبسين ثم أمسح بالطلق البيت بعد الجبسين

ثم دعه ساعة ثم يصقل الحيطان بمصقلة زجاج صقلًا جيدًا

فإنه يصبر كأنه لون الدر. قيمته وثمنه الأوقية من جيده

بدرهم نقره

Colophon Section at the end of a manuscript text. (f. 60r, lines 3-10):

ثم الكتاب بعون الله وحسن توفيقه.

الحمد لله رب العالمين وصلى الله على سيدنا محمد وآله وصحبه وسلم

ورضي الله عن أصحاب رسول الله أجمعين.

وحسبنا الله ونعم الوكيل

اللهم إني أستغفرك وأنوب إليك مما

جنته يدي يا رب العالمين وصلى الله على سيدنا محمد وآله وسلم.

وكتب في خامس عشر شهر جمادى الآخر سنة تسعة وتسعين وسبعمائة

لمركز الشهور تسويده (؟) ما ربق (؟) والله أعلم

Extent and format
Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. i+60+ii
Physical characteristics

Material: Paper

Dimensions: 170 x 130 mm leaf [135 x 95 mm written]

Foliation: Museum foliation in pencil

Ruling: Misṭarah; 13 lines per page; vertical spacing 10 lines per 10 cm

Script: Naskh; the scribe signed his name illegibly at the bottom of f. 60r

Ink: Black ink, with rubricated headings and overlinings in red

Binding: Western library binding

Condition: Water damage to upper portion of folios; minor worm damage mostly repaired; some foxing

Marginalia: Occasional marginal corrections by a later hand

Written in
Arabic in Arabic script
Type
Manuscript

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
British Library: Oriental Manuscripts
Access conditions

Unrestricted

Archive reference
Or 1198

History of this record

Date(s)
15 Jumādá II 799 (AH, Hijri qamari)
Provenance

Inscribed with owner's note in Arabic at top of f. 1r, but owner's name is illegible.

Immediate source of acquisition

Purchased from Alexandre Jaba, 12 Oct 1872

Related material

Finding aids

Rieu, Charles, Supplement to the Catalogue of the Arabic Manuscripts (London: The British Museum 1894), item 781

Select Bibliography

Editions:

  • Tīfāshī, Specimen Arabicum continens descriptionem et excerpta libri Achmedis Teifaschii De gemmis et lapidibus pretiosis , ed. by Sebald Rau (Traiecti ad Rhenum: Ap. Abrahamum à Paddenburg 1784)
  • Tīfāshī, Fior di pensieri sulle pietre preziose di Ahmed Teifascite , ed. by Antonio Raineri (Firenze: Nell'imp. E R. tipografia orientale Mediceo-Laurenziana 1818)
  • Tīfāshī, Kitāb Azhār al-afkār fī jawāhir al-aḥjār , ed. by Muḥammad Yūsuf Ḥasan and Maḥmūd Basyūnī Khafājī (Cairo: al-Hayʾah al-Miṣrīyah al-ʻĀmmah lil-Kitāb 1977)

Translation:

  • Arab Roots of Gemology , trans. by Samar Najm Abul Huda (Lanham, MD & London: Scarecrow Press 1998)

Study:

  • Jaques Clement-Mullet, Essai sur la minéralogie arabe : une étude historique et philologique, particulièrement sur les gemmes on pierres précieuses, basée sur le traité de Teifaschi (XIIIe siècle) (Amsterdam: APA 1981 [Photographic reprints of articles published in the Journal asiatique in 1858 and 1868])
People & organisations
Aḥmad ibn Yūsuf Tīfāshī

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Kitāb manāfi‘ al-aḥjār wa-qīmatihā wa-usūlihā كتاب منافع الأحجار وقيمتها وأصولها Tīfāshī, Aḥmad ibn Yūsuf تيفاشي، أحمد بن يوسف, British Library: Oriental Manuscripts, Or 1198, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100000000094.0x00008f> [accessed 20 October 2017]

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