Secret Letters Inward

IOR/R/15/1/83

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The record is made up of 1 file (158 folios). It was created in 28 Jan 1839-7 Dec 1839. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

About this record

Content

The file consists of secret letters sent to Samuel Hennell, British Resident in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The majority of this correspondence is from either the Government of Bombay, or the Secret Committee based at India House in London. These letters frequently contain enclosures (i.e. copies) of communications sent between the Government of Bombay, the Government of India, and the home authorities in Britain; this also includes correspondence with HM Consul-General to Egypt.

The principal correspondents in the file are as follows:

  • Patrick Campbell, HM Consul-General to Egypt.
  • George Eden, Governor-General of India.
  • Thomas Henry Maddock, Officiating Secretary to the Government of India with the Governor-General, writing in the Secret Department.
  • Rear-Admiral Sir Lewis Frederick Maitland, Commander of the East Indies and China Station.
  • Lestock Robert Reid, Acting Chief Secretary to the Government of Bombay.
  • Henry John Temple, Third Viscount Palmerston, Foreign Secretary for the United Kingdom.
  • John Pollard Willoughby, Secretary to the Government of Bombay, writing in the Secret Department.

The subject matter concerns the conquest of Nedjd [Najd] by Khorshid Pasha [Khūrshid Pāshā] on behalf of Mahomed Ali Pasha [Muḥammad ‘Alī Pāshā], Viceroy of Egypt; and his subsequent efforts to subjugate Bahrein [Bahrain] and the Arab tribes of Oman. It therefore covers British efforts to prevent the further advancement of Egyptian forces towards the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; this includes their reaction to the voluntary submission of Abdoola bin Ahmed [Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Aḥmad Āl Khalīfah], Chief of Bahrein, to Egypt, and their efforts to coordinate the Arab tribes against the Egyptians.

The other main subject covered by this file is the diplomatic rupture between Britain and Persia. The occupation of Karrack [Khārk, Jazīreh-ye] by a British force from India, and the removal of the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. from Bushire to that island are therefore covered as a result. The feasibility of an invasion of southern Persia is also discussed within the correspondence.

Topics featured in the correspondence to a lesser extent include the following:

The correspondence in French only amounts to 5 folios (see ff 75-79), and consists of translations of Egyptian correspondence relating to British pressure on Khorshid Pasha to abandon his designs on Bahrein.

Please also note that in the file Mahomed Ali Pasha is also spelt Mehemet Ali, and there is a degree of variation in the spelling of Khorshid Pasha. Pasha is also frequently spelt Pacha.

Extent and format
1 file (158 folios)
Arrangement

The correspondence has been arranged in chronological order from 28 January to 7 December 1839. Most of the letters in the file contain enclosures of a slightly earlier creation date; the creation date of the oldest enclosure being 24 October 1838.

Physical characteristics

Condition: The content of the file is largely in good condition. However, ff 81-88 have a section missing — possibly a result of pest damage — and some of the text has been lost as a result.

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates at the back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: The file also contains an original pagination sequence, which is written in ink.

Written in
English in Latin script
Type
Letter book

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers
Access conditions

Unrestricted

Archive reference
IOR/R/15/1/83

History of this record

Date(s)
28 Jan 1839-7 Dec 1839 (CE, Gregorian)

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Secret Letters Inward, British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/83, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100000000193.0x000038> [accessed 24 January 2020]

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