‘Vol 125 Native letters inward’


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The record is made up of 1 volume (133 folios). It was created in 27 May 1840-27 Nov 1841. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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The volume chiefly comprises copies of letters sent to the Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. (with some addressed to the Resident, Captain Samuel Hennell) by the various government agents, including: Moollah Hussain, the agent at Sharjah; Khojah Reuben, the agent at Muscat; the Government agent at Bahrain [referred to as Bahrein throughout]; and reporters and news writers at Shiraz. All of these letters are English translations; the originals (presumably in Arabic and Persian) not being included in the volume. A small number of copies and drafts of outward letters, written by Hennell, are also included in the volume (folios 102-03, 110).

Many of the letters contain translations, or translated extracts, of letters from various rulers around the Gulf, including: the Imam of Muscat; Maktoom [Shaikh Maktum bin Butti], chief of Debay [Dubai]; Khalifa bin Shakboot [Khalīfah bin Shakbut], chief of Aboothabee [Abu Dhabi], Sultan ben Suggur [Sultan bin Saqr], chief of Ras ul Khymah [Ra's al Khaymah]; Salman bin Nasser, chief of Al Bidda (also spelt Biddah); Mahomed bin Abdullah, chief of Bremi [Al Buraymī].

Letters from the Sharjah Agent and rulers on the Arab Coast chiefly concern relations between the various tribes and towns, including disputes between Abu Dhabi and Dubai, and include account of hostilities on land and sea, feuds, and negotiations for peace. Letters from the Shiraz reporters and news writers concern: diplomatic relations at Shiraz, including relations between Persia and the European imperial powers (Britain, France, Russia, Austria) and ambassadorial visits from European representatives; the death of the Governor of Fars and the appointment of a successor; proceedings and movement of king and court, government and Persian troops.

Other subjects include: relations between Muscat and Egypt; Egyptian advances in Arabia; acts of piracy committed at Al Bidda on the Guttur [Qatar] coast, the activities of Rugragee [Jassim bin Jaber Raqraqi]; movement of trading vessels; instances of cholera and plague; activity on the pearling banks; incidents of slavery, and the import of slaves from Africa.

Extent and format
1 volume (133 folios)

The volume’s contents are arranged in approximate chronological order, from the earliest items at the front to the latest at the end.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence begins on the title page and ends on the last page of text, and uses pencil numbers written in the top-right corner of each recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. . Two front and two rear flyleaves are unfoliated. The following foliation anomaly occurs: f 28, 28A.

Pagination: An incomplete original pagination sequence in ink is present between ff 5-127; these numbers are located in the top outermost corners of each page.

Written in
English in Latin script
Letter book

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers
Access conditions


Archive reference
Former external reference(s)
Vol 125

History of this record

27 May 1840-27 Nov 1841 (CE, Gregorian)

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‘Vol 125 Native letters inward’, British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/91, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100000000193.0x000040> [accessed 13 December 2019]

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