Letters outward

IOR/R/15/1/99

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The record is made up of 1 volume (100 folios). It was created in 13 Dec 1842-30 Dec 1843. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Content

The volume contains copies of letters sent by the British Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , mainly to J P Willoughby, Secretary to the Government of Bombay, in 1843. Although Captain Samuel Hennell was Resident at this time, letters dated January to October 1843 were sent by Lieutenant Colonel H D Robertson, Captain Atkins D Hamerton and Lieutenant Arnold Burowes Kemball, who successively officiated for Captain Hennell during his absence.

The letters often contain or enclose separately, copies of other pertinent correspondence sent or received by the Resident, such as: local intelligence reports from the native agents and occasional letters from or to local Arab rulers about military conflict, maritime treaty infractions and dispute resolution. The local intelligence reports are from British Government Native Agents Hajee Jassim at Bahrein [Bahrain], Moollah Hoosein at Shargah [Sharjah] and Reuben Aslan (also referred to as Khojal or Khojah Reuben) at Muscat. The letters from Arab rulers include: Sheikh Mubarak bin Abdullah of Demaum, ex-Sheikh Abdullah bin Ahmed of Bahrain, Sheikh Sultan bin Suggur of Ras-el Khyma, Sheikh Abdoollah bin Rashid of Amulgavine [Umm-ul-Kawain], Sheikh Mucktoom bin Butye of Debaie [Dubai] and Sheikh Khuleefa bin Shaboot of Aboothabee [Abu Dhabi].

All copies of the Resident’s Arabic correspondence with native agents and ruling sheikhs, a petition by the islanders of Karrack [Kharg], transcripts of oral statements made by merchants and a slave child in the course of investigations, are in the form of English translations. There are no Arabic originals or copies in the volume.

The correspondence discusses events in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. in 1843, predominantly in relation to: slavery, piracy, conflicts between the rulers and inhabitants of the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. Sheikdoms, civil war in Bahrain and their implications for British foreign policy, relations and interests in the region. Typical contents include:

Extent and format
1 volume (100 folios)
Arrangement

The letters are arranged chronologically. Many letters incorporate extracts from earlier letters or enclose them separately.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: numbered 1 to 100, from the front to the back of the volume. The numbering is written in pencil on the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. , in the top right corner.

Pagination: numbered 23-30, 53-62, 65-68, 75-78, 81-88, 101-110, 129-148, 153-158, 177-198, 209-216, 231-240, 243-246, 257-270, 301-304, 307-310, 323-328, 331-346, 357-362, 377-382, 427-430, 449-456, 459, 460 and 471-486, from the front to the back of the volume. The numbering is written in ink, in the top right and left corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. and verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. respectively.

Written in
English in Latin script
Type
Letter book

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers
Access conditions

Unrestricted

Archive reference
IOR/R/15/1/99

History of this record

Date(s)
13 Dec 1842-30 Dec 1843 (CE, Gregorian)

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Letters outward, British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/99, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100000000193.0x000048> [accessed 14 October 2019]

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