'Vol 186 1853/54 Bahrain; Arabian Coast and Muscat; Slave Trade'


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The record is made up of 2 volumes, 107 items (424 folios). It was created in 6 Jan 1853-13 Mar 1854. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

About this record


The letterbook is comprised of correspondence sent between the Resident in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Captain Arnold Kemball, and the Chief Secretary of the Government in Bombay, Arthur Malet, relating to events at Bahrain (folios 1-61), on the Arabian Coast and Muscat (folios 63-256), and the slave trade (folios 258-414).

Correspondence relating to Bahrain, the Arab Coast and Muscat, chiefly concerns relations (including conflicts and settlements) between the Arab tribes, occasional breaches of the maritime peace, and the movements of a Wahhabi army eastwards from the Arabian interior, towards Al-Buraimi and Muscat. Correspondence relating to the slave trade chiefly concerns instances of slaves being imported into Persia from Zanzibar, occasionally via the Batinah and Arab coasts.

Extent and format
2 volumes, 107 items (424 folios)
It is grouped into

The letterbook is divided into three subjects: correspondence concerning Bahrain, correspondence concerning the Arab Coast and Muscat, and correspondence concerning the slave trade. Each subject has a title sheet.

Within each subject, the correspondence is arranged in chronological order, based on the date of the outward letter. Enclosures included immediately after the outward letter are chronologically earlier than the letter they are enclosed with. Inward correspondence, chiefly in the form of replies from the Government of India, is placed immediately after the letter they acknowledge receipt of. Because of the long periods of time taken for mail to travel, the inward replies are of a much later date (approximately three to four months) than the outward correspondence.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The letterbook has been split into two volumes, ending at folio 208 in the first volume, and picking up at folio 209 in the second. Foliation begins on the first page of text in the first volume, and ends on the last page of the original letterbook in the second volume. The foliation system uses pencil numbers in the top-right corner of each recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. . An original pagination system, written in ink in the top-left corner of versos and the top-right corner of rectos, runs through both volumes.

The front cover, inside cover, front flyleafs, rear flyleafs and inside back cover of each volume are unfoliated.

The following foliation anomalies occur: 41A, 74A, 74B (no 74), 179A, 179B (no 179), 184A, 184B (no 184), 187A, 194A, 194B (no 194), 196A, 196B (no 196), 203A, 263A, 282A, 282B (no 282), 295A, 295B (no 295), 331A, 331B (no 331).

Written in
English in Latin script
Letter book

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers
Access conditions


Archive reference
Former external reference(s)
Volume 186

History of this record

6 Jan 1853-13 Mar 1854 (CE, Gregorian)

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'Vol 186 1853/54 Bahrain; Arabian Coast and Muscat; Slave Trade', British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/138, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/node/9> [accessed 6 December 2019]

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