‘Vol 224 1856/57 Bahrain; Abu Dhabi; Sharjah, Ras al-Khaimah; Hamriya; Muscat and Bandar `Abbas; Slave Trade’

IOR/R/15/1/157

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The record is made up of 2 volumes, 96 items (309 folios). It was created in 7 Dec 1855-21 Mar 1857. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Content

The volume contains correspondence relating to a number of subjects, listed below. The principal correspondents throughout are Commander (James) Felix Jones, initially Acting Resident, then Resident in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; and Henry Lacon Anderson, Secretary to the Government of Bombay.

The volumes contain correspondence relating to events in the Gulf, and are arranged by subject as follows:

  • Bahrain (folios 10-24); despatches from the Government of Bombay in response to 1854-55 events in Bahrain; theft of property from Banyan (Indian) traders in Bahrain, and the suspicious death of a Banyan trader;
  • Aboothabee [Abu Dhabi] (folios 25-65): the attack upon Abu Dhabi of the deposed Shaikh Sa’id bin Tahnun, in collaboration with Shaikh Sultan bin Saqr; an act of piracy off the Al-Qaṭīf coast;
  • Shargah, Rasul Khymah [Ra’s al-Khaymah], and Himreeyah [Ḩamrīyah] (folios 66-127): an incident of piracy at Sharjah, and attempts by British officials to obtain compensation; conflict between Shaikh Sultan bin Saqr, ruler of Ra’s al-Khaymah, and the tribes of Ḩamrīyah; Wahhābī forces moving toward the Oman coast;
  • Muscat and Bunder Abbass [Bandar-e ʻAbbās] (folios 128-62): investigation into the shipwreck and plunder of a vessel carrying pilgrims, and the murder of some of the vessel’s crew; the treatment of British subjects at Muscat; conflict and settlement between the Persian Government and Imam of Muscat over customs at Persian ports including Bandar-e ʻAbbās;
  • The Slave Trade (folios 163-297): resources in the Gulf for fighting the maritime slave trade; Jones’s recommendations for improvements and changes to the policing of waters; the actions of the British Agent at Lingah [Bandar-e Lengeh], in relation to diplomatic relations between Britain and Persia; the capture of a boat carrying slaves under Turkish colours.
Extent and format
2 volumes, 96 items (309 folios)
It is grouped into
Arrangement

The contents of the volume are arranged under a number of headings (see Scope and Content), each heading having its own title cover sheet. At the front of the first book (folios 1B-8) is an index page of correspondence in the volumes, showing date, letter number, address, subject and page numbers, which refer to the original pagination sequence. The correspondence included under each heading is arranged in approximate chronological order, from the earliest at the front to the latest at the rear, and based on the date of outgoing correspondence sent by the Resident. Responses from Government to the Resident’s letters are arranged directly after the correspondence they respond to.

Many of the incoming and outgoing letters in the volume have a synopsis of the letter’s content written on the reverse, which is usually written at a 90 degree angle to the main written content on the front side.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: This item is in two parts and the foliation sequence runs through both volumes as a continuous sequence. The foliation sequence begins on the title page of part one and ends on the third sheet from the back of part two. The sequence uses numbers written in pencil, which can be found in the top-right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An original pagination sequence is present between ff 11-297; these numbers are written in ink and can be found in the top left and top right of the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. and recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side respectively. The following foliation anomalies occur: 1, 1A and 1B.

Written in
English in Latin script
Type
Letter book

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers
Access conditions

Unrestricted

Archive reference
IOR/R/15/1/157
Former external reference(s)
Volume 224

History of this record

Date(s)
7 Dec 1855-21 Mar 1857 (CE, Gregorian)

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‘Vol 224 1856/57 Bahrain; Abu Dhabi; Sharjah, Ras al-Khaimah; Hamriya; Muscat and Bandar `Abbas; Slave Trade’, British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/157, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/node/411> [accessed 24 May 2019]

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