'No 413 Vol 19. Revised Commercial Treaty with Muscat'

IOR/R/15/1/195

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The record is made up of 1 volume (180 folios). It was created in 1 Sep 1887-26 Jun 1905. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Content

This file concerns the conclusion of the Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation with the Sultan of Muscat, Sayyid Fayṣal bin Turkī Āl Bū Sa‘īd on 19 March 1891. The new treaty was modelled on a recently concluded treaty with Zanzibar. It superseded the Treaty of Commerce of May 1839 and its main purpose was to shut out French interests and influence in Muscat.

Correspondence in the volume is between the British Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. at Bushire and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Muscat, as well as British officials in the Foreign Department of the Government of India, the Foreign Office and at Zanzibar. There are also copies of correspondence from the Sultan of Muscat.

The file has an index on folio 2A. Subjects within the file include: the exclusion of Cape of Good Hope from the Treaty (folios 88, 94); importation of arms and ammunition (folio 37); the expiration of the Treaty (folios 108, 112-114); British protection for Goanese subjects under the Treaty (folios 144-148, 154-156); modifications to the Treaty (folios 119-120); accession to Natal (folios 88, 94); accession to Newfoundland (folios 95-96); draft of the Treaty (folios 8-17, 22-31); draft protocol (folios 74-77); accession to Queensland (folios 95-96); draft of Revised Treaty (1904-1905) (folios 138-170); Separate Declaration by Sultan as to non-cession of his dominions (folios 54-57, 61-62); treaty executed but not-ratified (folios 49-53); Zanzibar Commercial Treaty (1886) (folios 18-21, 40-48).

Extent and format
1 volume (180 folios)
Arrangement

This volume is arranged approximately in chronological order.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: Foliation numbers are circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. They begins on the title page, on number 1B, and end on the last folio of writing, on number 170. The file contains the following foliation amendments: folios 1A-B; folios 2A-C; folios 4A-B; folios 78A-B; folios 79A-B.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
Type
Letter book

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers
Access conditions

Unrestricted

Archive reference
IOR/R/15/1/195
Former external reference(s)
413 XIX A 15a

History of this record

Date(s)
1 Sep 1887-26 Jun 1905 (CE, Gregorian)

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'No 413 Vol 19. Revised Commercial Treaty with Muscat', British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/195, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100000000193.0x0000a8> [accessed 19 September 2018]

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