‘File 5/65 I Question of disposal of emancipated slaves and proposal to check traffic between Muscat, Oman ports and Zanzibar’

IOR/R/15/1/200

Download PDF (31 MB)

Search within this record

The record is made up of 1 volume (95 folios). It was created in 18 Jan 1889-14 Jul 1905. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

About this record

Content

The volume contains correspondence between Government of India officials and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , on the question of the disposal or repatriation of slaves manumitted in the Gulf region, in response to concerns from the Government of Bombay over the potential social consequences of settling further Africans in the city (folio 5). British government officials in London and India discussed the practicalities of sending freed slaves to Britain’s possessions in East Africa, where freed slaves could be employed in the region’s agricultural plantations (folio 13 onwards).

In December 1897 Captain Hugh Daly, Deputy Secretary to the Government of India, wrote to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. (Lieutenant-Colonel Malcome Meade), requesting him to liaise with Her Majesty’s acting Consul-General at Zanzibar, Basil Cave, to arrange for the dispatch of freed African slaves to be repatriated at Zanzibar (folio 23). A batch of correspondence from 1899/1900 documents the arrangements made by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. (then Major Percy Cox) to send eleven liberated slaves to Zanzibar. Particular attention is paid to keeping the cost of the freed slaves’ passage back to Africa to a minimum.

The remainder of the file covers the period 1897 to 1905, and deals with specific cases of emancipated slaves being dispatched to Zanzibar, either from the Political Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. in Bushire or the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. in Muscat. This includes a report written by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. (Major Charles Kemball) in Nov 1902 outlining the numbers of slaves transported over a two year period (1900-1902) from Muscat to Zanzibar, including method and cost of transport (folio 82).

Extent and format
1 volume (95 folios)
Arrangement

The papers in the volume are arranged in rough chronological order, running from earliest at the front of the volume, to latest at the rear.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The volume has been foliated with a small circled number in the top-right corner of each front-facing page, beginning with the front cover and running to the last folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
Type
Archival file

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers
Access conditions

Unrestricted

Archive reference
IOR/R/15/1/200
Former external reference(s)
A series: 5/65 I

History of this record

Date(s)
18 Jan 1889-14 Jul 1905 (CE, Gregorian)
Context of creation

By the end of the nineteenth century, the British Government had concluded a host of slave trade prohibition treaties with the Sultan of Zanzibar and most of the rulers of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. states. These treaties had the effect of dramatically reducing the slave trade between East Africa and the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . However, a small trade still continued, and the British authorities in Zanzibar and Bushire agreed in 1897 (see f.23) that any slaves liberated in the Gulf that had recently been imported from Africa, would be given the opportunity to return to Zanzibar if they desired. This arrangement was in part prompted by the Bombay government's growing reluctance to accommodate liberated slaves from the Gulf, and the Sultan of Muscat's objection to the settlement of former slaves in his territories. The programme of repatriation was subject to a two-year review to assess its impact.

Related material

Use and share this record

Share this record
Cite this record in your research

‘File 5/65 I Question of disposal of emancipated slaves and proposal to check traffic between Muscat, Oman ports and Zanzibar’, British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/200, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/node/306> [accessed 19 August 2019]

Link to this record
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it.https://www.qdl.qa/en/iiif/81055/vdc_100000000193.0x0000ad/manifestOpen in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images