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    opens with a brief General chapter followed by chapters on Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, the Trucial States ...

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    Dispute—1944 and 1948 E.—Delimitation of the Bahrain-Qatar Sea-bed Boundary- 19 ^ • . submarin e F —Resume ...

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    Gulf, to the Ruler of Qatar on the subject of the protection to be extended to his territory by His ... company—1935 C.—Definition of the area of the sea-bed of Qatar in which Shell Overseas Exploration Company are permitted to operate—1952 D.—Correspondence with the Ruler of Qatar on the subject of jurisdiction—1935-1951 ...

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    to Qatar. A separate pronouncement was made regarding the Trucial States (chapter 5, paragraph 8). 12. Sir ...

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    I representative informed the Political Agent beforehand that he was attending the conference but the Kuwait representative did not. In 1951 the Arab League passed a resolution calling upon Arab States to take action to prevent oil reaching Israel, and the Rulers of Bahrain, Kuwait and Qatar were asked ...

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    entrenched on the Trucial Coast and in Muscat but has been abolished in Qatar and is not officially ...

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    especially those affecting his relations with Qatar on which he is quite unable to take a balanced view ...

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    of Kuwait and Qatar. ( 17 ) Para. 13 {d) at p. 6. Sir R. Makins' Report. ( ,8 ) P.O. to P.R. Despatch 125 ...

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    ) PR to F.O. 11012/27/53 of May 20, 1953 (EA 1105/4 of 1953). H PR to F.O. 1087/ll/53ofDecember22, 1953 ... ) III.—The Zubarah Dispute 31. Zubarah is a ruined and uninhabited village on the north-west coast of Qatar ... in Qatar had risen to power and in 1871 the Turks occupied the peninsula. In 1872 Shaikh Isa of Bahrain ...

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    0 The Ruler of Bahrain then instituted a blockade of Qatar, and all normal • • u ^ t\xrr» nlfirps exceDt those ... Ltd. and Petroleum Development (Qatar) Ltd remamea ciosea uiilu 1944 " Shaikh Hamad enquired when his ... entirely from the alfairs of Qatar including Zubarah and that His Majesty s Government were not willing ...

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    the two Rulers.C 8 ) 36. In August 1949 Shaikh Abdullah of Qatar abdicated and it was hoped that his ... for traffic to and from Qatar but was persuaded to lift this embargo. In January 1950 he went to see ... Majesty's Government should force the Ruler of Qatar to observe the 1944 agreement. Very shortly after ...

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    and buna msteaa a pern p inducing in the north of the Qatar peninsula weU a^y from Zuba«h an y^^^s Salman ... coast of Qatar, as part of his dominions, and m April ot that year the Financial Adviser recorded ... ot the Ruler of Bahrain ( ) In 1938 the Ruler of Qatar wrote to the Political Agent, Bahrain, ...

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    eventually be found to belong to iMuciiit Qatar. His Majesty's Government decided that they could ... Bahrain and Qatar and expressed the opinion that it was desirable to lay down a lan y dividing line ... of the Bahrain main island, and the Qatar aredb) peninsula. The Dibal and Jaradah shoals, which were found to lie ...

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    and are less vulnerable than the bupenoi uu Comnanv as they have their headquarters in Qatar instead ... the territorial waters of Qatar ( ) They touncl no promise of oil in it(") and should the Shell Company ot Qatar ...

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    frontiers of Abu ^abi and Qatar, 0V e r the Bahrain indefinitely ? re , a "^ c S"L s . absequently decided ...

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    does about his claims to the sea-bed between Bahrain and Qatar and to Zubarah but at the end ...

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    to that received by the Ruler of Qatar, and by haggling between the Ruler and the company over the payment ...

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    much less than that of Qatar and unreasonably blames the company for not producing more. As a result, ... they were considering the possibility of drilling at Fasht al Adham between Bahrain and Qatar ...

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    their minimum wage by cost-of-living statistics andbetweenlW 7 and^lOSB ra^ iocai ^ successive stages from Rs. ... except Qatar. He has exchanged visits with the present Ruler of Kuwait and with his predecessor, and the Rulers of the Trucial States usually stay with him when they visit Bahrain His relations with Qatar ...

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    44 and they accepted an arrangement whereby Bahrain would be included on an informal basis within his jurisdiction without any exequation being granted. (In 1945 this arrangement was extended to include Muscat, Qatar and the Trucial Coast.) Salman expressed much alarm when he was intormed ol ...

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    not only in Bahrain but also in Qatar and Saudi Arabia but has made few, if any, converts. Generally ... ) Ibn Saud and the Ruler of Qatar took exception to the exercise of control over their subjects ...

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    Ibn Saud and the Ruler of Qatar were asked ""•y whether j h f, y Jfu h ® v replied in th» ... by His Majesty." fn 1920 as a result of the rep 16 foreisn Saud and the Ruler of Qatar the Political ... letters from the Shaikh of Bahrain in which he requested or agreed that Arabs ot Kuwait and Qatar ...

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    shares were held by the Ruler, the Bahrain Government and some Bahrain and Qatar merchants, for local ...

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    on the lines of the Qatar Treaty of 1916.0 The Political Resident, however, thought that the proposal would ...

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    Arabia, Iraq, Jordan, Persia, Syria, Egypt, the Lebanon, the Yemen, Muscat and Oman, Bahrain, Qatar ...

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    120 CHAPTER 4 QATAR I.—General 1. Her Majesty's Government 's relations with Qatar ^ of 1916. When ... to appoint a Political Officer to Qatar. It w ® s U p o fficer ^ the three Articles were brought into force ... to the Political Resident was approved in principle in 1953. 2. Qatar has a population which probably does ...

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    Officer should be appointed to Qatar and that he should be allowed to abdicate in favour of Ali. On August ...

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    undertaking to employ him as Adviser for five years.( 17 ) By the ( 11 ) P.R. toF.O. 88/22/50of April 10, 1950 ... in finding a suitable candidate for the post of Adviser in Qatar but eventually Group Captain P. L. Plant ...

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    to restrain the taking of any steps to induce the Ruler of Qatar to terminate his contract. In July ... departure from Qatar Mr. Hale the State Engineer acted as Adviser so far as general administration ... was selected and accepted by the Ruler. He arrived in Qatar in November 1952 and signed a contract for five ...

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    ^ Development (Qatar) Ltd's complete responsibility for guarding retroie , a ; VPn k v the Ruler during the" ... to share Qatar Government work with this organisation^ 22 ) The Qatar Government have appointed Abdullah ... Limited to make all Qatar Government purchases in Europe through them. 19. Hitherto Qatar's requirements ...

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    that this was his southern boundary and stated that beyond it a neutral zone between Qatar and Abu Dhabi extended ... (Chapter 5, Appendix H). At the Damman Conference in 19^2 the Ruler of Qatar claimed that his boundary ran ... is described m detail and discussed in a note prepared about the same time by the Political Officer, Qatar ...

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    of jurisdiction, facilities for the Royal Air Force and the position of the southern boundary of Qatar, all ... the concession to the Iraq Petroleum Company. A company called Petroleum Development (Qatar) Ltd. was formed ...

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    with the Anglo-Persian Oil Company. In 1953 Petroleum Development (Qatar) Limited changed its name to " The Qatar ... considerations. When production had reached the stipulated figure in Qatar in 1951 His Majesty's Government ... 1 ') 30. In 1938 the company established their camp at Dukhan on the western side of the Qatar ...

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    arising in Qatar on imported oil. All payments are to be made in sterling but the company subsequently ... Petroleum Development (Qatar) Ltd. the opportunity of concluding an agreement with him. The other letters( ... was approved by Her Majesty's Government. 35. The company have drilled some 35 wells in Qatar ...

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    the jurisdiction and control of the Ruler of Qatar and which lie beyond the territorial waters contiguous to the mainland and islands of Qatar.' Provision was made for the payment of Rs. 5,00,000 on signature and of Rs. ... Company Ltd. and was registered in Canada. 37. Petroleum Development (Qatar) Ltd. held ...

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    of a fifty-fifty profit-sharing agreement between Petroleum Devdopment (Qatar), Ltd., and the Ruler (paragraph 34 ... are on the lines of those provided lor in Petroleum Development (Qatar), Limited's profit-sharing agreement of 1952 ... the main centres of population. 42. At the end of 1953 a company called the Shell Company of Qatar ...

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    1934 (E 1640/279/91 of 1934). which the Ruler ol Qatar is unwilling to acknowledge. The dispute ... 2, paragraph 41). In 1947 when a sea-bed boundary was fixed between Qatar and Bahrain (Chapter 2, ... to Qatar. It may be noted here that the Ruler of Bahrain claims rights over the whole of the high seas ...

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    AbduUa^ancHMomi^ 0 ^!^!!^; His Majesty's Government had formally ^sur^ fhe Shaikh of Qatar of their protection ... in Qatar and there is no record of any other such interference until early in 949 when parties from ... that in the meanwhile S audit ax-coectorsmay have visited Qatar as they did Abu Dhabi (Chapter 5, paragraph 94), ...

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    represent Indian interests in Qatar.( 91 ) Meanwhile under an informal arrangement a member of the Indian Legation at Bagdad is permitted to visit Qatar from time to time to look after Indian interests (cf. ... but no representative from it has yet visited Qatar. A substantial number of Pakistanis are employed by the oil ...

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    Order-m-Council was of Petroleum Development (Qatar* Lm ^tea. rhanaes in iurisdiction issued in 1953 giving effect ... and other landing grounds in Qatar as occasion arises without any specific charter from the Ruler. (c) Civil ... agreement Petroleum Development (Qatar) Limited were obliged to obtain the Ruler's permission on any ...

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    135 fts: m h'v control of civil aviation in Qatar and stating his readiness to issue ... of the existing ground and the construction of a new one. It appeared that the Qatar Government were willing ... in the spring of 1953 recommenaea that the Qatar Government should be allowed to undertake all ...

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    the Eastern Bank, Limited, obtained the Rulers permission in writing to open a branch in Qatar.C 05 ... be " Qatar.' The situation was examined and it was found that as all the mail of Petroleum Development (Qatar ... there was not sufficient traffic to justify a separate issue of stamps for Qatar.( K ' 7 ) The Ruler has not returned ...

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    137 since it was opened in 1950 it has been arranged with the Qatar Petroleum Company ... STi l) 74. nationality law has been issued by the Rulei;. The Qatar Petroleum Company are under ... with the company that they were Qatar subjects. This practice was much abused and many persons who were not Qatar ...

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    and a slight amendm ent of,it in his favour, was made in 1952. This boundary runs from Hasian on the coast ... Ibn Saud. He is on the worst possible terms with the ruling family of Qatar but very friendly ... at the base of the Qatar peninsula to Hasian about 35 miles west of Dubai. Inland it includes the Liwah oasis ...

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    to the bad relations between Abu Dhabi and Qatar (paragraph 12 above) and to Abu Dhabi's claims in Qatar territory (paragraph 13 above). Qatar has recently laid claim to the island of Halul (paragraph 54 below) which has usually been treated as belonging to Abu Dhabi. Further in 1952 the Ruler of Qatar paid ...

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    or which otherwise present special features. . . 54 - rtfeRuler ofAbu DhabTwis treated as Its overiordH ... ( 28 ) PR to F O. Despatch 41 ofA P nl f Ig^ 953 {E A 1422 ^ 1 of ¥rfrt SP RR h 1oV. h O e . flr i04 h 5 al ofDece mte 23, 1953 (EA 1106/17 of ,953. ( :il ) pp. 97-100, P.G. 13. ( 32 ) E. 11181/276/91 ...

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    (Appendix F). ■#of ( 39 ) P.R. toF.O. 1088/21/53 of May 5, 1953 (EA 1434/1 of 1953). ( 40 ) Lorimer, pp. ... ^eeoastof Qatar to the north of the mouth of the Khor al Odaid J nevdonment mentioned bv Lorimer. They have ...

  48. Image 176

    with Ibn Saud the boundaries of his territory with the Trucial States, Qatar and Muscat, and it is possible ... to him Jabal Nakhsh in the Qatar peninsula or the Khor al Odaid, which had been officially recognised ... in the southern part of Qatar territory an ! n officer Trucial Coast In April one of these parties was encountered ...

  49. Image 177

    the parties in the near future and that the Rulers of Abu Dhabi and Qatar should attend it; {b) ... Faisal. The Rulers of Abu Dhabi and Qatar attended in person. These Rulers stated their claims and some ...

  50. Image 178

    161 dispute over the land boundaries of Qatar, Abu Dhabi and Muscat should be referred to arbitration, but this proposal was rejected by the Saudis. It was renewed in January 1953. 102. In spite of the standstill agreement Turki continued to intrigue with the tribes and there were numerous protests by Her ...

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