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    Shores of the Persian Gulf, Kuwait, Bahrein, Hasa, Qatar, Trucial Oman and Oman. 1933. General Staff, ...

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    / Military Report on the Arabian Shores of the Persian Gulf, Kuwait, Bahrein, Hasa, Qatar, Trucial ... Qatar, Trucial Oman and Oman show the events which have led up to the present political status ... of the Sheikhs of Kuwait with their powerful neighbour in the west, Ibn Rashid, the chief of the Shammar, were ...

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    chap. i. history kuwait. Shammar, and annex their territories in 1906 Tim e.iW ■of^Kuwnlt 1 att ... ' 0 ! 6 • 18 ? l intercourse between the British to the f Gu,f a " d the Sheikh * ^ Kuwait appears excellent ... m the Ottoman province of Basra, but the Sheikh TvS n coniplet ® la . eal autonomy in his own area. u oi ...

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    chap. i. history bahrein. 3 A further difficulty, to which no solution has as yet (1932) been arrived at, is that of the customs dispute bet ween Ibn Saud and the Sheikh of Kuwait. This dates from ... by an Arab horde frotti the mainland led by Sheikh Ahmad ul Khalifah of the 'Ubub tribe, and his descend ants ...

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    to the League of Nations) have not yet (1932) been finally dis posed of. At no period, since the middle ... hostilities with Muscat, the Trucial Chiefs, and her neighbours on the promontory of Qatar. From time to time ... in the affairs of the State. Meanwhile, misrule and piracy on the part of the Sheikhs of Bahrein, and dissensions ...

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    of Daraiyeh and his ^"Lr^hf ^w ^ «of & ... CHAP. I. HISTORY THE WAHABIS. (d) The Sheikh of Bahrein's relations with the Trueial Chiefs ... m a Native State in India. Treaties and Agreements were made wrbh the Sheikhs of Bahrein in the years 1820, ...

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    was made by Abdur Rahman with the help of the Sheikh of Kuwait, in 1900. Abdur Rahman's forces were ...

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    s CHAP. I.—HISTORY—QATAR, l.ad D 3iier C f e i "- the HeiaZ ' the Ira 1 Cfovernment aa ... represented the true Akhwan. th/qLflfr 3 /S ed t] ! e J Britis . h ' the Ira( l Government, and e Sheikh ol: ... to arbitration future disagreements between them. Qatar. In 1909 the important tribe of the A1 Bu Ainain emi ...

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    was that of the Qasimi Sheikh of Ras-al-Ivhaimah. The decline of Persian influence in the Gulf after the death of Nadir ... by the Sheikhs of Ras-a - Khaimah, Hamra, Abu Dhabi, Dibai, Sharjah, Umm-al- Qaiwain and also Bahrein. The main ... by hostilities with Muscat and internecine feuds among the Sheikhs of the Pirate Coast themselves. ...

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    Chiefs are the Sheikhs of Ras-al -Khaimah ifottlr Th "l A + Jman ' Dibai ' Abu ]Dliabi an d ,vas a< ' ded ... The Sheikhs of Abu Dhabi and Dibai. together with a number of tribes subject to them, are believed to be opposed to Ibn Sand; the Sheikhs of Sharjah and Bas-al- Jvnaimah to be definitely his supporters; ...

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    of Tamb, Little Tamb, Abu Musa and Sirri, which is claimed by the Sheikhs of Sharjah, and Ras-al-Khaimah ... tentative claims to suzer ainty over the Sheikhs of the Trucial Coast but these claims have not since been ...

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    The present Imam Muhammad bin Abdullah al Khalili, is a puppet in the hands of Sheikh Isa bin Saleh his powerful sup porter—a shaikh of Al Haritni tiibe. r /Tr\oi\ -I-^o T^of/aroon +,VlP Sllltail of Rostaq, ... in 1895 and the Sheikhs of tile interior were warned that attacks on Mus cat or Matrah, or indeed ou ports ...

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    of Ar Rigai, and Ansab. I^ ote .—Prior to the "1923 Frontier Agreement " the Sheikh of Kuwait ...

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    ft. Supply im proves after rain. Ruined fort belong ing to Sheikh of Kuwait. It is oblong in shape ...

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    A large ruined fort to the west belonging to Sheikh of Kuwait. A large and favourite camping ground, ...

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    4 to 6 ft. with 3 to 4 ft. depth of water. Tactical points in vicinity. Hill 500 yds. S. W. Sheikh's cottage. ...

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    to the reluctance of the Sheikh of Kuwait to have the head of a neighbouring Arab ruler on stamps sold in his own ...

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    CHAP. II. GEOGRAPHY BAHREIN. 33 separates the promontory of Qatar and the mainland of Hasa. The most striking feature of the Bahrein group of islands is the low-lying and flat featureless nature of the land and the shallowness of the surrounding sea. which is a mass of reefs, partially dry at low water. ...

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    of Kuwait and on the south by the northern frontier of Qatar and the desert ot Jafura; on the east ...

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    spleens. Qatar. Qatar is a remarkable tongue of land projecting north wards from the coast about midway ... miles in breadth. Boundaries. —On the east, north and west Qatar is bounded by the sea. The southern ...

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    CHAP. II. GEOGRAPHY QATAE. 49 The following tables give a list of the principal villages and other places of importance in Qatar: — (a) On the east coast. Name. Position. Remarks. Dhakhireb About 30 m. ... Rakhan. The chief town of Qatar, population about 12,000. Fairly ejood water in group of wells ...

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    50 CHAP. II. GEOGHAPHY QATAR. (h) On the west coast. Name. Position. Remarks. Whaiuf (4bu) . j i About 1£ miles south-west of Ruwais. It is difficult; to ap proach from seaward, being fronted by a reef 2j miles broad which is nearly dry at low water. About 70 families. Water from well of Umm Dha'an ...

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    CHAP. II. GEOGRAPHY QATAR. 51 Name. 1 Position. Remarks. Aswaijah (Umm) 5 miles west- south-west of Khor Shaqiq and 6 from the east coast. A masonry well, 36 ft. deep, yields good water. Awainat Bin Hasain . 9 miles south west oi Khor Shaqiq and 4 from the east coast. Several small masonry wells, ...

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    CHAP. II. GEOGRAPHY QATAR. Name. Busaiyir Bm-Jiniaz . Dahil Dahal-adh-Dhalam . Dahal-as-Sifar . Dha'an (Umm) 'Filihah 'Ghafat Position. 19 miles north east from the mouth of Dohat Faishshakh and 12 h from the west coast. 6 miles west- north-west of Dohah. 17 miles west by south of Dohah. 17 miles west ...

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    34 CHAP. II. GEOGRAPHY QATAR. Name. Hasa (Bu) J assasiyah. Jimaliyah Jirthamah Kara' anah Khadhairak Kharaib Position. 10 miles west by north of Lusail. Remarks. 4 miles west of Huwailah. and immedi ... A stage on the route from Hofuf in Hasa to Dohah in Qatar. There is a masonry lined well here ; it yields ...

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    CHAP. II. GEOGRAPHY QATAR. 55 Name. Kharrarah Kharsa'ah Position. 20 miles south of Dohah and 6 from the east coast, between Naqiyan and Jabai-at-Tawar 11 miles north east of the mouth of Do- hat-as-Salwar and 6 from the west coast. Remarks. A masonry well, deep, contains water. 120 ft. good Good water ...

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    56 CHAP. II. GEOGRAPHY QATAR. Name. Markhivah Mashrab . Marru'ah Milaihat Misaimir Makainis Murair (Qal'at) 4 miles north west of Dohah and 2 from the east coast. 8 miJes south- s o u t h-east of Huwailah ... and belongs to Jasim- bin-Thani, the most influ ential Shaikh in Qatar. There are 9 unlined wells of fairly ...

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    The best of them is called " Asailah." There are some date palms. 7| miles south of| A mined fort ... J if CHAP. 11.—GEOGRAPHY QATAR. 57 Name. Position. Remarks. Musaikah 6 miles east by south of Zub arah. A masonry well of good water, 30 ft. deep, and the ruins of two forts. Mu^airib 1 mile west ...

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    68 CHAP. II. GEOGRAPHY QATAR. Name. Qa'aiyah Qain (Umm) Qalailah (Abu) Qarafah . Qaraibah (Umm-al) . Rakaiyat Raki Rasnidah Rodhah . Position. 16 miles west of Khor Shaqiq. 4 miles north west of Khor Shaqiq and the same from the east coast. 16 miles south west of Khor Shsqiq and 12 from the east coast. 6 miles west ...

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    o • ^7) CHAP. II. GEOGRAPHY QATAR. 59 Name. Rodhat-Al -Ajuzah Sahalah . Sahnat (Umm-as) Sailiyah . Sakak Sakhamah Position. 13 miles south west of Khor Shaqiq and 10 from the east coast. 21 miles west ... was laid out by Jasim-bin-Thani, the principal Shaikh in Qatar ; it contains about 300 date palms, some, ...

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    X 60 CHAP. II. GEOGRAPHY—QATAR. Name. Position. Remarks. Sanan ('Ain) 4 miles south- w e s t of Fuwairat. A fort with a masonry well, 40 ft. deep, con taining good water. The fort was originally built by the Maadhid but they allowed it to fall into disrepair. It is now held by the A1 Bu Kuwarah of Fuwarat ...

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    / 4 CHAP. II. GEOGKAPHY- L -QATAR. 61; Name. Position. Remarks. Thaghab 3 miles south east of Khor Hassan. A well and fort in good condition. The people of Khor Hassan fetch their drinking water from here. The well is of masonry 35 ft. deep, and yields good water. Tinbak . • 4 miles south of Khor Sbaqiq ...

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    62 chap. II.— geogeaphy qatar, Name, Position. Remarks, Wuthailah (Abu) 13 miles west- south-west of Khor Shaqiq and 11 from east coast. There is a magonry well of good water 120 ft. deep. Yughbi . Zaghab ... stationed in Qatar, the most suitable place would be Rayin, seven miles west of Dohah. There is good water ...

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    of the Princi pality, who still own allegiance to the Sheikh of Kuwait— are confined to such remnants ...

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    100 CHAP. III. POPULATION—QATAR table : !^ n0p8is ^ the P 0 P u lation is given in the following ... in agriculture. Qatar. The inhabitants of Qatar, as of most of the districts on rrr™ ts ... are common to Qatar and the Bahrain islands; the following table its composition m some detail:— g Name ...

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    ioa CHAP. III. POPULATION QATAR. Name of tribe or community. Negroes (slaves, but not living ... to Qatar. The settled population ot Qatar—that, namely, of the towns of Dohah AK?i nt 1 !-? ... the war, particularly at Dohah. A considerable pro- portion of the settled tribes of Qatar go into camp ...

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    L CHAP. Ill. POPULATION—QATAR. 103 parent stock and now fluctuate between Bain ain and Qatar. Qatar is also visited by A1 Murrah from Hasa and in the cold weather by Manasir from Trucial Oman; 'Ajman too are sometimes seen, but not frequently. The inhabitants of Qatar—whether townspeople, vil lagers or Bedouin—are ...

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    is 4 maunds. ^ ^ For boats and shipping see Appendix II. Hasa, Qatar and Trucial. Oman. 1. General. —A Field ...

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    staternent of the Armed Forces ot the Sheikh of Kuwait is given below: The policy was laid down in 1929 ... with the problem. The Sheikh was advised: — (a) to purchase 12 Ford Vanettes and arm them with Lewis Guns, (b) ... the Sheikh's property, his camels sheep, horses, etc., but they could be counted on to repel any fairly strong ...

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    for sup plying a fixed number of armed men. The Sheikh of Kuwait holds a reserve of 4,000 rifles (British ...

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    are the characteristics of the " Akhwan Trucial Oman. 1. The armed forces of the Trucial Sheikhs consist of the personal escorts kept by each Sheikh. These bodies of men are paid and armed with modern rifles by the Sheikh ...

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    The projected air route for flying boats. —Kuwait, Bahrein, Qatar, Yas, Abu-Dhabi, Dibai, Ras -al-Khaimah, ...

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    CHAP. VI-—AVIATION. U1 Dilai.—Good anchorage in the creek. Possible land ing ground on north and south sides of creek. Slow mail steamer calls fortnightly. Sharjah. —Two aerodromes, each U miles from Sheikh's fort: — (a) North. 800* x 800*. Dry surface. (b) South. 1000* x 800*. Shargah is a night stopping ...

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    The present Sheikh is Sheikh Sir Ahmad al-Jabir al- Sabah, K.C.I.E., C.S.T.. who succeeded his uncle Sheikh Salim in 1921. The internal administration is conducted by the Sheikh assisted, in theory, by an elected ... year). The Council though duly elected has never met. The rule of the Sheikh is personal and autocratic. ...

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    precluded by treaty from attacking Qatar interferes from time to time through his Amir at Hasa and there is little doubt that the Shaikli pays him a handsome sum yearly so as to be on the safe side. Qatar is under ... no judicial powers there over Persians, (there are no British subjects at Qatar) but whenever the Political ...

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    Financial Adviser to the Sheikh of Bahrein and through him to the customs and municipality. The Sheikh's ...

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    CHAP. IX.—ROUTES—KUWAIT. 155 Detailed Report. Miles. l f r - Total. ^ 9 ^ 60 QASR -ES-SABIYAH: fortified mud en closure, property of Sheikh of Kuwait; now a ruin; situated on west bank of KHOR-ES-SABIYAH: wells brackish. Route leaves QASR-ES-SABIYAH, direc tion north by west: over undulating stony ...

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    6 hours. Bahrein to Qatif 5-6 hours. Bahrein to Jubail 9-10 hours. Bahrein to Qatar 11-12 hours. Bahrein ...

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    : extensive date gardens. Sheikh SALIM-BIN-HAMUD lives in quarter called MEZRA. Population BEN WAHAIB. Camping ...

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    coastal mountains in this area are called JEBEL QATAR. ~r,r A - f ■ i,ous6s) - •TT 5 Camping ground: east ... rains ample water from shallow of rUT?AM^V bed near villa ge: Sheikh of GADANA lives m FINS. Route ...

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