Coll 5/61 ‘Far East: Proposed extension to Burma-Yunnan frontier of Imperial Airways to link up with Eurasia Corporation’

IOR/L/PS/12/2022

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The record is made up of 1 file (363 folios). It was created in 26 Oct 1934-20 Apr 1939. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Content

The file is concerned with a proposal to link Imperial Airways Services and those of the Eurasia Aviation Corporation and/or China National Airways at the Burma-Chinese frontier, in consideration of establishing a more direct link to Hong Kong. The file therefore contains occasional references to political developments within China, and her diplomatic relations with Japan. The file also includes correspondence regarding an aviation agreement signed between France and Siam [Thailand], and related agreements between the British and Siamese Governments.

More direct routes are also explored in the file, in particular a route via the Southern Shan States and French Indo-China. A report by Frederick Tymms, Director of Civil Aviation in India, on a reconnaissance flight between 25 and 26 April 1937 has been included: see folios 165-168. For the conclusions of the survey: see folios 190-192. An appended report on the landing ground at Loikaw can be found on folios 169-171. Three maps accompany the report: see folios 172-173 and 193.

For further information a copy of a report by Georges Winckler of an exhibition through Laos and Upper Burma between 8 and 17 February 1936 has also been filed: see folios 174-186. The purpose of Winckler's exhibition was to explore the possibilities of a direct route between France and French Indo-China [Vietnam].

An additional sketch map outlining possible overland routes between Burma and Hong Kong can be found on folio 260.

The main correspondents are officials of the Air Ministry, the Foreign Office, and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. . A significant amount of correspondence with the Government of India – Department of External Affairs and the Department of Industries and Labour – and correspondence with numerous British representatives across Burma, China, and Siam, have also been included.

The French language content consists of a single letter (folios 253-254) from the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs dated 10 March 1936.

The file includes three dividers (folios 2, 95, and 131) which gives a list of correspondence references contained in that section of the file by year.

Extent and format
1 file (363 folios)
Arrangement

The file incorporates two files from the Economic and Overseas Department: E&O Coll 2/23 (folios 131-364) and E&O Coll 2/23A (folios 95-130). Material from PZ Coll 5/61 makes up the remainder of the file (folios 2-94). Within each section, the papers are arranged in approximate reverse chronological order.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 364; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is present between ff 4-94 and is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
Type
Archival file

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers
Access conditions

Unrestricted

Archive reference
IOR/L/PS/12/2022
Former external reference(s)
Coll 2/23 Coll 5/61 Coll 2/23A

History of this record

Date(s)
26 Oct 1934-20 Apr 1939 (CE, Gregorian)
Context of creation

The file incorporates two files previously belonging to the Economic and Overseas Department (Collection No 2: Aviation):

  • E&O Coll 2/23 ‘China: also Question of service between Burma & China inc. British Service via Shan States’
  • E&O Coll 2/23A ‘Burma-China Air Routes’

From 1938 these files were incorporated into Political (External) Department Collection No 5: Aircraft and Aviation, therefore becoming PZ Coll 5/61.

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Coll 5/61 ‘Far East: Proposed extension to Burma-Yunnan frontier of Imperial Airways to link up with Eurasia Corporation’, British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2022, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100000000555.0x000230> [accessed 20 September 2019]

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