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    of the seaMiL J of trade. Persia proposed to conclude e Mlateral treaty with the united Kingdom regaraiig ...

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    and the subsequent Treaty with ersia and protocol fall throu^i* They consider it essential that H# •Government should ...

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    are prepared to aatie with her a slavery 'Treaty abrogating the 1882 Convention ;vtiieh gave Britleh ships ... is bound to be a failure; and they consider that both these Treaties logically involve the grant ... Treaty is now under consideration a serious attempt should be mace now to get the ereiana to grant us ...

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    and that they are prepared to conclude a bilateral treaty on the lines euggeeted, but only if this risk is covered, which ... The note could then go on to suggeet a treaty on the allowing lines !» (a). (b) (c orai« to declare ...

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    there would be no ill eifects if trie Treaty trer© confined to the United f.tngdoa and some distinctive means ...

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    in Arms Traffic Qfcnventicn and to conclude bilateral treaty with Persia under which latter would exercise ... This Treaty would be followed up by a protocol signed by principal powers recognising Anglo-Feraia agreement ...

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    that the suggested bilaterial treaty with Persia might be accepted substitute provided (a) right to verify flag flown ...

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    treaty settlement, the general agreement of the Persians ess obtained to a slavery protocol the principal ...

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    the probability, amounting almost to a certainty, that this treaty will form the model for the eventual Slavery ...

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    would he inviolable, and to avoid this drawback they would prefer that the bilateral treaty should ...

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    I (e2- Dear Rendel, h April, 1933. t/j C>rtA/wV^ ' ■fee- 'Treaty with Persia should be limited to vessels M flyihg the Persian ^lag” (not Persian "shipping" as originally suggested) has raised a new train of thought in our ...

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    with. If we understand your proposals aright, it is a necessary feature of the bilateral Treaty that we ...

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    that our arms traffic treaty with Persia would form the model for the eventual Slave Traffic Treaty ... Treaty which would enable us to check the indiscriminate use of the Persian flag by unauthorised ...

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    persons. Could we not* therefore, proceed on the following basis for the Persian Treaty, v/ith the object of saving the Persia face? (a) Persia to declare that she accepted sole responsibility for the control of shipping lawfully flying the Persian flag on the high seas of the Gulf, and that she would, ...

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    that have arisen. Position of the Arab Sheikhdoms ..i n relation to treaties and International Conventions* ...

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    have no correspondence or relations with any foreign power or its representative# Muscat is an independent State in special Treaty relations with us, and entitled in certain circumstances to a measure of protection from us, hut with foreign treaties and foreign relation^bf its own. 3. For general political ...

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    to find them bound by the signature of H*M. Government to a treaty unless this is specifically stated ...

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    their treaty ob ligations with the sheikhs of the Persian Gulf to consider** ...

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    * 233 would,, supposing she by chance, now or later, changed her attitude and acquiesced in the inclusion of the Persian Gulf in the special maritime zone* acquire the same right of supervision over vessels under 500 tons belonging to the Arab Sheikhdoms of the Persian Gulf, which are in special treaty ...

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    to si to the Convention, and in that case the question of a bi-lateral treaty tfifh Persia, ...

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    that the treaty negotiations were still In being, and secondly, that the general /.ms Traffic Convention of 1925 ... the originator of the proposal for a bilateral agreement and the treaty negotiations are both - temporarily ...

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    considerably in negotiating a General Treaty xssxxKKxRjt Settlement, provided that the Arms Traffic Agreement ...

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    of a bilateral Treaty loses a good deal of its force end I think that our view would definitely be in favour ... Concession, we seem to be farther than ever away from a Seneral Treaty Settlement, general opinion therefore ...

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    in the Anglo Turkish Treaty of 1881 for the suppression of the African slave trade. A more definite legal basis in respect of Hejasi, Asiri and Nejd vessels is provided by Article 7 of the Treaty of Jedda of 1927 in which ... in the suppression of the slave trade". 8. Treaties are still in force under which ... . Snips can search vessels ...

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    in the Anglo-Turkish Treaty of 1381 for the suppression of the African slave trade. A more definite legal basis in respect of Hajzai, Asiri, and Nejd vessels is provided by Article 7 of the Treaty of Jedda of 1927 ... in the suppression of the slave trade". 2. Treaties are still in force between his Majesty’s Government ...

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    of maritime zone would mean abandonment of maritime super vision apart from special treaties. Your views ...

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    supervision by agreement might then hamper action of the llavy, the powers under existent treaties being indefinite and the treaties themselves liable to unilateral abrogation. Consequent consider maritime zone ...

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    would mean abandonment of maritime supervision apart from special treaties. Your views are requested ...

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    that the Admiralty did not very much like the idea of having a special treaty with Persia, because obviously ...

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    to interfere with the shipping of the Arab State in the Persian Gulf, which were in special treaty relations ... our existing treaty powers and maintaining our existing practice as regards search of Arab vessels 0n ...

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    treaties would he put into the nelting pot. MS. LAITHWAITE said that the India Office did not contemplate, cr in the least desire, that any of our existing treaties with the Arab Chieftains or the Firman ...

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    understood, that existing treaties would remain in ferre ; together ^i-~h the right of seareh. MB. HOV/.'RD SMITH suggested that it was perhaps difficult to get a definite answer at the present moment ? particularly since the Government of India must ho consulted. He would he very grateful if Mr. Warner ...

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    for the export of armaments. MR. BARNES said that reference should also he made to the Treaties of Washington Act, 1922, and the London Naval Treaty Act, 19o0. MR, HOWARD SMITH said that in point of fact the idea ...

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    to be announced that they wouild not be included in a future treaty, our present methods could not be maintained. ...

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    7 445 of the draft telegram to “existing treaties* with the /,rab Hulers would need sane modification in the event of our discussions tomorrow resulting in consultation with India. Yours ever, J.G.LAITHWAITE. ...

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    of the draft telegram to ’existing treaties* with the Arab rfulers would need some modification in the event of our discussions tomorrow resulting 1 c consultation with India. Yours sincerely, J.G. . ...

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    Gulf, it was however essential that we shoula retain our existing, treaty rights of control ana search ...

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    446 jlinute Paper. Department. A ^or issue subject to Foreign Office and Admiralty concurrence. | our existing treaty powers. The meeting confirmed i our view; ! (a) that "native vessels" disappeared with ; the disappearance of special zones. : (h) that, within the scope of any general Convention that might be concluded ...

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    so long as existing treaties with Arab dulers etc. remain in force, would make little practical ...

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    imposing restrictions by its treaties vyith foreign Powers, had, however, led to the concentration ... out the treaty engagements and agreements concluded on the subject between His Majesty’s Government ... with the suppression of the trade in arms. Treaty Engagements, &c., of States bordering on the Persian Gulf. 3. ...

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    are the treaty engagements and other Agreements referred to in para. 3 above. Arms Traffic in the Gulf, ... No undertaking as regards the arms traffic was secured from Ihn Saud either in the Treaty of December 1915 or in the Treaty of Jeddah of May 1927, but the dominions of the Ruler of Nejd do not seem to have given rise ...

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    on the high bees is, in tne o< inion of j y l ords, iiifedmissible. Such a treaty right is too lively ...

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    r the International Arms Traffic Convention. Thirdly, we feared it would almost certainly lead to a treaty restriction on the liberty of British warships to search Persian vessels for arms, and hence that it might lead to a serious recrudescence of the arms traffic in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. 3* ...

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    T-7- iTT "• i 1 LfK) the Persians on this point, to which they seem to attach some importance, and if we insisted (as we should insist) that such an agreement would only come into force as part of the general treaty settlement, there would at least be a further inducement to the Persians to conclude ...

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    n • ; » • effect would be so great as to turn the scale in favour of the whole Treaty settlement, but clearly if we can show the Persians that they can get more or less what they want, but only as a part of the whole general settlement, it will be all to the good. 5. The second difficulty in the way of concluding ...

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    lead to a recrudescence of the arms traffic in the Gulf. We here still feel that any treaty provision ...

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    traffic in vessels flying the Persian flag on the high seas would he dangerous and undesirable. Such a treaty provision would soon become known in the Gulf and quite a lively traffic in arms might develop in vessels flying the Persian flag. ihe iiavy would then certainly be unable to prevent arms from finding ...

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    IfK indeed, to depend in the last resort, on the fact that potential arms traffickers do not know the real weakness of our present treaty position. 9. Hoare's suggestion in paragraph 10 of his letter of July 1, if acceptable to the Persians, would, however give British warships the right to search Persian ...

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    as that now suggested by Hoare, we might be in a stronger treaty position for continuing to suppress the arms ... for arms. There is undoubtedly reason to fear that if such a treaty right were conferred upon the new ...

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    Government of India, the Resident and the Senior Naval Officer could devise. 11. I shall he glad to hear as soon as possible what you think of the whole proposal. It seems to me that, in view of the position in the general treaty negotiations, we should do all we can to turn this Persian suggestion ...

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