1. Image 8

    by Egypt* He did not, however, appear J to set much store by this point and went on to express the opinion ... Turkey, Egypt and ^Qkistan could provide a balance which would remove the temptation for considerations ...

  2. Image 10

    Ambassador who would clearly like to see an agreement reached between the United Kingdom and Egypt as soon ...

  3. Image 14

    It may Indicate a feeling amongst Turks that so long as Egypt is able to arrogate to herself, and Is conceded, ^ the leadership of Arab countries, the organisation of security in the Middle East will be delayed, or even prevented. 7. from ^hat the net Chinese inister tells me, he has been lavish in his advice ...

  4. Image 22

    are Guard] - EGYPT AND SUDAN March 12, 1947 Section 1 On 20th December, 1945, the Egyptian Government ... of Egypt ’ ’ no longer corresponded to present conditions. In particular, the note argued, “ the presence ... on negotiations affecting 86-10 so vital a strategic area as Egypt since, up to the month of August, hostilities ...

  5. Image 23

    Prime Minister in 1929, only to be wrecked by Wafdist sniping and subse quent intrigue in Egypt itself. ... Egypt’s independence. They did, however, suggest to King Farouk, in the strictest confidence, that his ... to safeguard Egypt from a debacle similar to that of 1929. But it was made very clear that this was a problem ...

  6. Image 24

    The aid of His Majesty the King of Egypt in the event of war, imminent menace of war or appre hended ... to.render their own aid effective, His Majesty’s Government required a British base in Egypt manned ... necessarily in clude fighter squadrons for defence against long-range bombing. Egypt’s acceptance ...

  7. Image 25

    conveniently be conducted by the Ambassador assisted by the Service Com manders in Egypt and by the senior ... Egyptian numbers. His Majesty’s Govern ment were ready to meet Egypt’s wishes, and appointed the Foreign ... It was decided that the Secretary of State should not proceed to Egypt, at any rate at the outset, but that Lord ...

  8. Image 26

    The removal from Egypt of combatant troops means little because it simply involves the substitution ... of all British troops from Egypt and negotiate the best possible peace-time defence arrangement ... should be able to give to Egypt in peace time would be limited to collaboration between staffs ...

  9. Image 27

    Majesty’s Government in the United Kingdom to consolidate their alliance with Egypt as one between two equal ... and Egyptian experts should carry out an inspection of British service installations in Egypt. 15. On 19th May ... of view ’ ’ and as an effort to decide the whole question of the Sudan in favour of Egypt in advance. ...

  10. Image 28

    to be of little value in the event of Egypt not wishing, when any emergency arose, to implement the spirit ... the King of Egypt agree to establish a joint Board of Defence composed of the competent military ... defence in the region of the Middle East, including territories adjacent to Egypt. (2) To study the land, ...

  11. Image 29

    territories adjacent to Egypt. Article 5.—The high contracting parties agree that subject always ... adjacent to Egypt the necessary measures in close co-operation with each other, for the purpose of mutual ... and of Egypt." 21. It was intended to complete the arrangements by means of an evacuation protocol providing ...

  12. Image 30

    to see in every proposal put forward by His Majesty’s Government a device either for involving Egypt ... in a position to reoccupy Egypt and interfere in Egyptian internal affairs. It was these fears which caused ... a British right of re-entry into Egypt as a result of an emergency involving any but the countries ...

  13. Image 31

    rights for British R.A.F. aircraft after the evacuation of Egypt had been completed, and (2) ... conscious class in the Sudan, consisting of two main factions, one of which favoured association with Egypt ...

  14. Image 33

    and depends on— “ {a) Whether Egypt ever lost sove reignty over the Sudan before 1890; and “ (b) If so, ... of practical interest to the Sudan as well as to the United Kingdom and Egypt. We stand by our policy ... of these discussions emphasis was laid on the necessity of safeguarding Egypt’s perman ent interests such as her ...

  15. Image 34

    to accede to Egypt’s demand for recognition of what was nothing more than a symbol of Egyp tian sovereignty. Egypt did not expect a share in the administration. For these reasons Sidky Pasha was ready to go ...

  16. Image 35

    that a union existed between the Sudan and Egypt in the shape of a common Crown. As will be clear from ... to Egypt which did not recognise the existence of this union. On the other hand, the Egyptian Government, ... to renounce the sovereignty of Egypt if they so wished. Great Britain had held a position in the Sudan which ...

  17. Image 36

    Powers the future 1 of a third party to which Great Britain and Egypt would feel committed ... for independence, would for ever be under Egypt. He wanted to make it quite clear to the British people that nothing ... of unity between the Sudan and Egypt under the Egyptian Crown left the status of the Sudan as it was, ...

  18. Image 37

    regret, there fore, that incomplete reports from Egypt should have appeared in the press. These reports ... of the conversations included the relationship of Great Britain and Egypt to the Sudan, no change in the existing ... been almost totally impaired by premature leakages in Egypt, by Sidky Pasha’s emphasis upon sovereignty ...

  19. Image 38

    of the existence of a union between the Sudan and Egypt repre- e^Nted by a common crown would prejudice ... that “ Egypt has become directly respon sible for the Sudanese administration,” and maintained, in flat ...

  20. Image 39

    and flight over Egypt during the period of evacuation, and that the question would then be discussed between ... constituting the official Egyption delegation had been abro gated; that the Egyptian Chamber of ...

  21. Image 40

    and Egypt created by a common Crown did not alter the right of the Sudanese to decide their future. ... for Egypt in the administration, and no right of ultimate secession should the Sudanese wish to take that course; independence could, however, later be granted by Egypt, though Sidky Pasha thought the demand ...

  22. Image 41

    was never alluded to again in Egypt, it is superfluous to quote it here. 62. Nokrashi Pasha succeeded Sidky Pasha as Prime Minister. In his reply to the Royal Rescript of appointment, he said that £ ‘ Egypt has ...

  23. Image 42

    21 self-government within the framework of permanent unity with Egypt under the Egyptian Crown.” ... unity of Egypt and the Sudan under the Crown of Egypt we are only expressing thfc^ull and desire of the inhabitants of this valley” and again that “everybody must know that when I say ‘ unity of Egypt and the Sudan ...

  24. Image 43

    22 Sudan at which United Kingdom and Egypt will be represented and at which the Sudanese ... not be repre sented) to consider the future of the Sudan on the basis of Egypt’s claim to ‘ the unity of Egypt and the Sudan under the common Crown of Egypt.’ His Majesty’s Govern ment could not, of course, enter ...

  25. Image 44

    between the Sudan and Egypt under the common Crown of Egypt) will have for its essential objectives ... of the unity between the Sudan and Egypt under the common Crown of Egypt, His Majesty‘s Government will place ...

  26. Image 45

    by mutual co-operation between Great Britain and Egypt the contributions which each party will be able ... of the United Nations Charter. The security of Egypt and of the British Commonwealth can be vitally threatened ... measures by the countries having interests in common. Egypt’s part in these security arrange ments ...

  27. Image 46

    (p Not included. 86-10 4. Egypt would go as far as possible m this way since she envisages ... the measures contemplated by the treaty of 1936. a country like Egypt could not agree that its independence ... be so in Egypt’s case; she does not want to fail in this task, but her dignity as a free country cannot ...

  28. Image 47

    Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Emperor of India, and His Majesty the King of Egypt ... to be applied temporarily to the British forces during the period of their withdrawal from Egypt.) Article ... and affecting Egypt or the countries bordering on Egypt, their respective armed forces will, 'after con ...

  29. Image 48

    and His Majesty the King of Egypt: Animated by the most sincere desire to consolidate the friendship ... effect upon the entry into force of the present treaty. Article II In the event of Egypt becoming ... adjacent to Egypt, the high contracting parties shall consult together immediately in order to undertake ...

  30. Image 49

    of certain British forces; and Desiring to settle by agreement the arrangements for the withdrawal from Egypt ... or accumulated in Egypt; and Further considering that these arrange ments should be such as to provide ... this day. having in view the continued security of Egypt and neighbouring territories : Have agreed ...

  31. Image 50

    29 < ^rces in Egypt, other than surpluses dis posed of under existing arrangements, shall, unless ... security of Egypt and neigh bouring territories, the disposal of the installations, stores of material ... to be removed or disposed of, or placed at the disposal of the Egyptian forces, shall be withdrawn from Egypt ...

  32. Image 51

    adjacent to Egypt, they shall take, in close co-operation and as a result of consultation, such action ... one of the neighbouring countries of Egypt will consult together in order to take in agreement ... the framework of the unity between the Sudan and Egypt under the common Crown of Egypt) will have for its ...

  33. Image 52

    the period of their withdrawal from Egypt. Such amendment of the agreement as may be necessary in view ... of material, equipment and com munication facilities made or accumulated by British forces in Egypt, shall ... to enjoy their present rights of transit and flight over Egypt. It is also understood that the two ...

  34. Image 53

    that economically the Sud^n was vital to Egypt; that nothing must be done which would have the effect of creating ... then be the dual obligation to use all our influence to protect the economic necessities of Egypt. 6. It has been ... to proceed to a conference on the Sudan question at which the United Kingdom, Egypt and the Sudan would ...

  35. Image 54

    immediately preceding telegram. The United Kingdom and Egypt being conscious that the future circumstances ... cannot be restricted, although if the Sudanese eventually choose to continue in unity with Egypt under the common Crown of Egypt or to form some closer kind of union with Egypt, His Majesty’s Government ...

  36. Image 55

    34 between Egypt and the Sudan, provided always that no change was introduced into the existing ... the Sudan and Egypt under the common Crown of Egypt will have for its essential objectives to assure ... independence, just as they would be free to choose some form of association with Egypt, or even complete union ...

  37. Image 56

    Egypt as regards the aims of British policy in the Sudan. I have offered every guarantee ... the treaty of mutual assistance and the evacua^ tion protocol—and thus realise one of Egypt’s most eager ... be subject to per manent union between Egypt and the Sudan. I have even found myself accused of pursuing ...

  38. Image 57

    36 essential points. One, the evacuation of British troops from Egypt. This evacua tion must be immediate, complete and not conditioned by a treaty. Two, the main tenance of the unity of Egypt and the Sudan, self-government for the Sudanese and the restoration to Egypt of her rights in the administration ...

  39. Image 58

    by the Egyptians that terms of mutual assistance in draft of anglo-Egyptian treaty impose serious burdens on Egypt ... were prepared anyhow Egypt could not escape from 2. Jly telegram No.509 contains the text ... ? matter of] regional defence and not be so keen to help Egypt to get out of assuming some responsibilities ...

  40. Image 60

    to Egypt the two parties should take, in close co-operation and after consultation, such action as might ... is required on provision for attack on Egypt itself. As regards attack on countries adjacent to Egypt, it is perfectly clear that in any case Egypt could not remain neutral if Arab countries on her frontier became ...

  41. Image 61

    of any one of the neighbouring countries of Egypt would consult together in order to take in agreement ... threatening the security of the Liddle East countries with which Egypt is particularly connected. Is it conceivable that if for instance Syria or Iraq were to become the object of a menace Egypt could remain ...

  42. Image 64

    goes on to say that it is "possihle that Egypt will press the 'point that no new treaty can he freely ... enclose an extract from the "Hindustan Times" of the 31 s.t January stating, that if Egypt t'tkes ... "Egypt will also have to face the British allegation that the talk on Nile valley unity is only ...

  43. Image 66

    anu their ^ . cussions on Egypt and the neighbouring oritish colonieo. .hi^ treaty was to be in force ... shall work for the welfare of the Sudanese to leap them to self-government and unity with Egypt unaer thu i^yp i^*n Crown for ever”. Hass an Pasha, Egypt ’ smibassador i n ehe , and SiClcy Pasha int ...

  44. Image 68

    of British lomination neither Sgyp nor the Sudan is likely to take it seriously. Egypt, in our opinion, ... BRITAIN - db) EGYPT The break-down of the .^nglo-Egyptian negotiations for " revision of the 1936 Treaty ... is the tenacious and skilful way in which thu British Government is attempting in Egypt also, as in Burma, InPia ...

  45. Image 70

    with Egypt. The second was whether the present Government of the Sudan, which is supposedly a condominium hut ... and if they had any grievance against Egypt they could appeal to the United Nations. The Egyptians see ... troops in the territory of another member nation without the lattor^s consent and approval. Egypt ...

  46. Image 80

    last, His Majesty’s Government proposed the with drawal of all British forces from Egypt and to settle ...

  47. Image 82

    OUTWARD TELEGRAM - 2 - from Egypt should be completed, and the question of the Sudan. As a result ... forward to me officially by Egypt. Of the questions in dispute, by far the most difficult ... dynastic union between Egypt and the Sudan, provided always that no change was introduced into the existing ...

  48. Image 84

    as they would be free to choose some form of association with Egypt, or even complete union with Egypt ... contradiction, that His Majesty's G-overnment had conceded the unity of Egypt and/ ...

  49. Image 86

    on assuming office stated in the Chamber of Deputies that ’’when I say unity of Egypt and the Sudan under ... Majesty*s Government most bitterly of breaking their pledge and of sell ing them to Egypt. Some rioting took ... with the administra tion, The Governor-General has been the subject of bitter criticism in Egypt, which I deplore ...

  50. Image 88

    statement to reassure Egypt as regards the aims of British policy in the Sudan. I have offered every ... of Egypt’s most eager aspirations - and to discuss the Sudan question d e novo at a conference with ourselves ... to self-determination must be subject to permanent union between Egypt and the Sudan. I have even found myself accused ...

Pages