Coll 17/8(2) 'Shaikh of Koweit's Estates: Date gardens of the Shaikh in Iraq'

IOR/L/PS/12/2854

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The record is made up of 1 volume (619 folios). It was created in 17 Jan 1934-22 May 1936. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

About this record

Content

This volume is a continuation of IOR/L/PS/12/2853. It consists of extensive correspondence, memoranda and reports regarding date garden properties in Iraq owned by the Shaikh of Kuwait, changes to their tax-exempt status, and lawsuits regarding their ownership. Properties owned by the Shaikh of Mohammerah are also discussed in the volume.

The volume opens with correspondence regarding a plan to have the lawsuits against the Shaikh of Kuwait dropped, by paying the plaintiffs to desist. Other topics discussed include: a proposal to allow the Iraqi Government to tax the estates, and for HMG Her or His Majesty’s Government in London. to compensate the Shaikhs of Kuwait and Mohammerah accordingly; difficulties in establishing the exact extent of the Iraq properties owned by the Shaikh of Kuwait; an application by the Basra Port Directorate to take possession of certain land belonging to the Fao property of the Shaikh of Kuwait; and suggestions that the Government of Iraq establish a commission to investigate the ownership and tax status of the properties.

The principal correspondents and authors are: the High Commissioner for Iraq (Francis Henry Humphrys), the Colonial Office, the Foreign Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait (Harold Richard Patrick Dickson), the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Hugh Vincent Boscoe), and HM Ambassador to Iraq (Archibald Clark Kerr). The volume also contains translations of letters received from the Shaikh of Kuwait (Aḥmad al-Jābir Āl Ṣabāḥ), his lawyer (Jacob Gabriel), and the Agent in Iraq to the Shaikh of Mohammerah (Shaikh Khaz'al bin Jābir Mirdāw al-Ka'bī).

The following reports and legal documents appear within the volume:

The file continues with Collection 17/8 part 3, reference IOR/L/PS/12/2855.

The volume includes dividers which give lists of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. These are placed at the end of the correspondence (folios 4-5).

Extent and format
1 volume (619 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 621; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 4-618; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English in Latin script
Type
Archival file

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers
Access conditions

Unrestricted

Archive reference
IOR/L/PS/12/2854
Former external reference(s)
Coll 17/8/2

History of this record

Date(s)
17 Jan 1934-22 May 1936 (CE, Gregorian)
Context of creation

This file makes reference to an agreement made in 1914 by HM Government ( HMG Her or His Majesty’s Government in London. ) regarding date gardens in Iraq owned by the Shaikhs of Kuwait and Mohammerah. In return for their military support against the Ottoman Empire in the First World War, HMG Her or His Majesty’s Government in London. undertook to remove the date gardens from taxation, and to compensate the Shaikhs in case of taxation or the removal from them of any part of the gardens.

The file refers primarily to the Faddaghiyeh Estates of the Shaikh of Kuwait on the Shatt al Arab, purchased in 1903 and consisting of three date garden properties: the Bashiyeh, the Faddaghiyeh, and the Al-Kharam. They were collectively known under the name of Faddaghiyeh. The file also includes correspondence regarding additional estates supposedly owned by the Shaikh: Al Mutaawa'ah; Al Farhaniyeh (Kushaishiyeh); Al Fao; and Al 'Ujairawiyeh.

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Coll 17/8(2) 'Shaikh of Koweit's Estates: Date gardens of the Shaikh in Iraq', British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2854, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100000000602.0x00018c> [accessed 22 November 2019]

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