Mathematical compendium

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The record is made up of Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. iv+136+iv. It was created in 1014-1018. It was written in Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: Oriental Manuscripts.

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Compendium containing treatises on astronomy, arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and shorter extracts and notes on related topics. The title page (f. 7r), which is written by a later hand than that of the main scribe, calls the volume 'a compendium of seven treatises accompanied by various studies (مجموعة سبع رسائل مع مبحثات متفرقة)', and lists only the following seven works:

صفيحة الإمكان في أصطرلاب

ما لا بد للفقيه من الحساب

كتاب الأكبر [!] لثاودوسي اوس [!]

كتاب الكرّة لأوتولوقوس

كتاب لثاودوسي اوس [!] في الليل والنهار

كتاب لثاودوسي اوس [!] في المساكن

فوائد الجمالي في أصول الهندسة

The scribe is Ibn ‘Abd al-Raḥīm Abū al-Qāsim Yaḥyá al-Astar’ābādī (ابن عبد الرحيم أبو القاسم يحيى الأسترآبادي; see ff. 12r, 24r and f. 62r), who copied the manuscript for his own use in Jumādá II 1014/Oct.-Nov. 1605 at Yazd (see f. 62r) and Dhū al-Qa‘dah 1018/Jan.-Feb. 1610 at Qom (see f. 24r)


  • (1) (Fā’idah) min Sharḥ shamsīyat al-ḥisāb ([فائدة] من شرح شمسية الحساب) (ff. 2v-3v);
  • (2) Short extracts and notes in Persian and Arabic (ff. 4v-6a);
  • (3) Bahā’ al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Ḥusayn al-‘Āmilī (بهاء الدين محمد بن حسين العاملي), Ṣafīḥat al-imkān fī aṣṭurlāb (صفيحة الإمكان في أصطرلاب; ff. 7v-12r);
  • (4) Two short extracts on astronomy in Arabic and Persian (ff. 12v-13r);
  • (5) Abū al-‘Alā’ Muḥammad al-Bihishtī al-Isfarā’aynī (أبو العلاء محمد البهشتي الإسفرايني), Mā lā budda lil-faqīh min al-ḥisāb (ما لا بد للفقيه من الحساب; ff. 14r-24v);
  • (6) Anonymous, Treatise on geometry (ff. 25v-28r);
  • (7) Anonymous, Treatise on ascertaining the levelness of surfaces (ff. 29v-30r);
  • (8) Theodosius (ثاوذوسيوس), De sphaericis (كتاب الأكر; ff. 30r-62r)
  • (9) Autolycus (أوطولوقس), De sphaera quae movetur (كتاب الكرة المتحركة; ff. 62r-69v);
  • (10) Theodosius (ثاودوسيوس), De diebus et noctibus (كتاب ثاوذوسيوس في الليل والنهار; ff. 70r-75r);
  • (11) Theodosius (ثاودوسيوس), De habitationibus (كتاب ثاوذوسيوس في المساكن; ff 76r-82r);
  • (12) Two short texts on astronomy (ff. 83v-85r);
  • (13) Short mathematical texts, notes and diagrams in Arabic and Persian (ff. 86v-117r);
  • (14) Muḥammad ibn Ashraf al-Samarqandī (محمد بن أشرف السمرقندي), Fawā’id al-Jamālī fī uṣūl al-handasah (فوائد الجمالي في أصول الهندسة; ff. 117v-133v).
Extent and format
Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. iv+136+iv
It is grouped into
Physical characteristics

Material: Paper

Dimensions: 169 x 69 mm leaf [117 x 50 mm written]

Foliation: British Museum foliation in pencil

Ruling: Misṭarah ; 19 lines per page; vertical spacing 16 lines per 10 cm

Script: Nasta‘līq ; copied by Ibn ‘Abd al-Raḥīm Abū al-Qāsim Yaḥyā al-Astarābādī for his own use

Ink: Black ink, with rubricated headings and overlinings and diagrams in red

Binding: Morocco leather binding; boards with blind-tooled borders, medallion and pendants

Condition: Minor water damage to upper margin

Marginalia: Numerous throughout

Seals: Ff. 2r (erased), 7r, 14r, 30r, 62r, 70r, 76r and 117v

Written in
Arabic in Arabic script

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
British Library: Oriental Manuscripts
Access conditions


Archive reference
Add MS 23570

History of this record

1014-1018 (AH, Hijri qamari)
Context of creation

Qom and Yazd

Immediate source of acquisition

Purchased from Mrs Taylor, April 1860

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Mathematical compendium, British Library: Oriental Manuscripts, Add MS 23570, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 19 July 2024]

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