Kitāb al-furūsīyah wa-shiyāt al-khayl كتاب الفروسية وشيات الخيل Ibn Akhī Ḥizām, Muḥammad ibn Yaʻqūb ابن أخي حزام، محمد بن يعقوب

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The record is made up of Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. iii+173+iii. It was created in 14th century. It was written in Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: Oriental Manuscripts.

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One of the earliest Arabic texts on veterinary medicine, the treatise on hippiatrics, was written by Abū Yūsuf Yaʿqūb Ibn Akhī Ḥizām (أبو يوسف بن يعقوب بن أخي حزام, see title page, f. 2r), horse trainer of the Abbasid caliph al-Mu‘taḍid (المعتضد, reg. 892-902). The treatise is more commonly known as Kitāb al-furūsīyah wa-l-bayṭarah (كتاب الفروسية والبيطرة) or Kitāb al-khayl wa-l-bayṭarah (كتاب الخيل والبيطرة).

The text is divided into numerous short chapters (أبواب). Folios 46v-47r, 67v-68r and 95v-96r have been left blank.

Title page (f. 2r):

كتاب

الفروسية وشيات الخيل مما جمعه

وصنفه أبو يوسف يعقوب بن أخي

حزام رائض المعتضد من تجارب العرب

والهند والفرس وغيرهم

An abridged version of this text is found attributed to Abū Muḥammad Aḥmad ibn ‘Atīq al-Azdī (أبو محمد أحمد بن عتيق الأزدي) in British Library MS Or. 1523. The two manuscripts have been collated, and folio references to corresponding passages in Or. 1523 are noted in the margins of the present manuscript.

Begins (f. 2v, lines 2-7):

الحمد لله الذي اختار الحمد لتمجيد قدسه وقبله من عباده

وارتضاه لنفسه أحمده حمد من خضع لعظمته وخشع

لهيبته وتواضع من خشيته وتضأل لقدرته واستكان

لربوبيته الذي دحي الأرض بجلاله ومجده واسكن

السماء ملائكئه يسبحون بحمده الذي لا غاية لواجد

شكره على نعمه ولا منتهى ولا انقطاع لمادة فضله

Ends (f. 173r, lines 10-14):

ولقد علمت في توقي الردي أن للحصون الخيل لا مدر القراء

اني وجدت الخيل عزًا طاهرًا ينحي من الغمأ ويسكن الدجا

ونبين للتغر المخوف طلائعًا ونبين للصعلوك جمعه ذي الغناء

يخرجن من حلل الغبار عوليسا كأصابع المقرور أفعي فأصطلًا

باتوا بصائرهم على أكنافهم وبصيرتي يغدوا بها عبدرا (؟)

Colophon Section at the end of a manuscript text. (f. 173r, line 15):

تم الكتاب المبارك بحمد الله وعونه

Extent and format
Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. iii+173+iii
Physical characteristics

Material: Paper

Dimensions: 257 x 164 mm leaf [178 x 110 mm written]

Foliation: British Museum foliation in pencil; the last fifty folios (ff. 124-173) are foliated in black ink with eastern Arabic numerals

Ruling: Misṭarah ; 15 lines per page; vertical spacing 9 lines per 10 cm

Script: Naskh

Ink: Black ink, with rubricated headings and overlinings in red

Binding: British Museum binding

Condition: Folios 2, 3 and 173 mutilated and repaired

Marginalia: Very few

Seals: F. 2r

Written in
Arabic in Arabic script
Type
Manuscript

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
British Library: Oriental Manuscripts
Access conditions

Unrestricted

Archive reference
Add MS 23416

History of this record

Date(s)
14th century (CE, Gregorian)
Immediate source of acquisition

Purchased from Mrs Taylor, April 1860

Related material

Finding aids

Cureton, William and Charles Rieu, Catalogus codicum manuscriptorum orientalium qui in Museo Britannico asservantur. Pars secunda, codices arabicos amplectens (London: The British Museum 1846-71), Item 1365, pp. 633-34

Select Bibliography

Studies:

  • Shehada, Housni Alkhateeb, Mamluks and Animals: Veterinary Medicine in Medieval Islam , (Brill: Leiden, 2013), pp. 118-20 and 169-70
  • Ullmann, Manfred, Die Medizin im Islam (Leiden: Brill, 1970), pp. 219-20

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Kitāb al-furūsīyah wa-shiyāt al-khayl كتاب الفروسية وشيات الخيل Ibn Akhī Ḥizām, Muḥammad ibn Yaʻqūb ابن أخي حزام، محمد بن يعقوب, British Library: Oriental Manuscripts, Add MS 23416, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100022599339.0x000001> [accessed 18 October 2018]

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