al-Masā’il fī al-ṭibb lil-muta‘allimīn المسائل في الطب للمتعلّمين Ḥunayn ibn Isḥāq al-‘Ibādī حنين بن إسحق العبادي

Or 5725

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The record is made up of Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. i+100+i. It was created in 656. It was written in Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: Oriental Manuscripts.

About this record


An introduction to medicine for students in the form of questions and answers divided into ten chapters (فصول) by the famous physician and translator Abū Zayd Ḥunayn ibn Isḥāq al-‘Ibādī (أبو زيد حنين بن إسحق العبادي, d. 873). The work is based on the Ars medica (Τέχνη ἰατρική) by Galen of Pergamon (جالينوس ; d. ca 216).

The copy is the work of at least three scribes (ff. 2r-23r, 23v-35v, and 36r-100v) and is defective at both the beginning and end. There are no chapter headings, but marginal notes mark the beginnings of some chapters and indicate they have been collated. The collation note for Chapter Six is dated 656 AH/AD 1258


  • Chapter Three of Ten (الفصل الثالث من العشرة; ff. 2r-9r);
  • Chapter Four of Ten (الفصل الرابع من العشرة; ff. 9r-?);
  • Chapter Six of Ten (الفصل السادس من العشرة; ff. 28v-?)

Begins (f. 2r, 1-6):

[...] شيء يوجد كل واحد من الصحة

[...] المزمن (؟) والحال التي ليست بصحة ولا مرض في ثلثة

أشياء وما هو. إما في البدن الذي يوجد فيه

إحدى هذه الحالات الثلاثة وإما في السبب

الذي يفعلها أو يحفظها وما في الدلائل التي تدل


Ends (f. 100v, 10-13):

... وأما

الحال الذي يكون فيها محمودًا فهي أن تكون مرة

كذا ومرة ليس كذا فإنه إذا كان كذلك

دل على أن الريح يسير المقدار قليلة الغلظ فهي

Extent and format
Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. i+100+i
Physical characteristics

Material: Paper

Dimensions: 183 x 135 mm leaf [134 x 90 mm written]

Foliation: British Museum foliation in pencil

Ruling: Misṭarah ; 13 lines per page; vertical spacing 10 lines per 10 cm

Script: Naskh

Ink: Black ink, with rubrications and some punctuation in red

Binding: British Museum binding

Condition: Water damage to upper portion of leaves, repaired near gutter; many wormholes

Marginalia: Some marginal annotations and chapter headings

Seals: None

Written in
Arabic in Arabic script

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
British Library: Oriental Manuscripts
Access conditions


Archive reference
Or 5725

History of this record

656 (AH, Hijri qamari)
Immediate source of acquisition

Purchased from Ibrahim Elias Gejou, 10 April 1900

Related material

Finding aids
  • Ellis, A.G. and Edward Edwards, A Descriptive List of the Arabic Manuscripts Acquired by the Trustees of the British Museum since 1894 (London: British Museum, 1912), p. 45
  • Hamarneh, Sami, Catalogue of Arabic Manuscripts on Medicine and Pharmacy at the British Library (Cairo: Les Editions Universitaires d’Egypte 1975), Item 44, pp. 37-38
Select Bibliography


  • Ḥunayn ibn Isḥāq al-‘Ibādī, al-Masā’il fī al-ṭibb lil-muta‘allimīn , ed. by Muḥammad ‘Alī Abū Rayyān, Mursī Muḥammad ‘Arab and Jallāl Muḥammad Mūsá (al-Iskandarīyah: Dār al-Jāmi‘āt al-Maṣrīyah, 1978)


  • Wilson, Jan E. and Samuel Dinkha, Hunayn ibn Ishaq's 'Questions on Medicine for Students': Transcription and Translation of the Oldest Extant Syriac Version (Vat. Syr. 192) (Vatican City: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 2010)
  • Ghalioungui, Paul and Galal M. Moussa, Questions on medicine for Scholars by Ḥunayn ibn Isḥāq; translated into English, with a preface and historical note, by Paul Ghalioungui, from a critical edition by Galal M. Moussa of the ninth century Arabic text, "al Masa'il fi al-tibb lil muta'allimin" (Cairo: A R E Al-Ahram Center for Scientific Translations, 1980)


  • Sezgin, Fuat, Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums , vol. 3 (Leiden: Brill, 1970). pp. 249-50
  • Ullmann, Manfred, Die Medizin im Islam (Leiden: Brill, 1970), pp. 117-18

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al-Masā’il fī al-ṭibb lil-muta‘allimīn المسائل في الطب للمتعلّمين Ḥunayn ibn Isḥāq al-‘Ibādī حنين بن إسحق العبادي, British Library: Oriental Manuscripts, Or 5725, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 July 2024]

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