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'File A/7 Draft of slave treaty with Bahrain' [‎9r] (19/40)

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The record is made up of 1 file (18 folios). It was created in 10 Jun 1913-8 Mar 1914. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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7
Aitchison's Treaties, Vol XII, p. 158. jj 10th May 1855 with
the Shaikh^ predecessor is still in force.
If Sir E. Grey concurs in the proposal, his Lordship will
address the Boverrunent of India with a view to the negotiation
of a new treaty with the Shaikh. I am to enquire whether, as
regards the Court of the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian
Gulf, Sir E, Grey considers that the negotiation of a similar
treaty with Persia 4s practicable.
I have etc.
T.W. Holderness.
The^Under Secretary of State
Foreign Office.
-a
Rnclosure No. 4:- Foreign Office to Iridia Office.
Foreign Office,
24th October 1915.
No. 44,599.
Sir,
I am directed ty Secretary Sir Edward Grey to acknowledge
the receipt of your letter P.29^0 of the 6th of August regarding
the legal difficulty in giving slave trade jurisdiction to the
Persian Coast Court and the Bahrain Court.
As regards Persia Sir E. Grey concurs in the view of the
Marquess of Crewe that His Majesty's Government can act under
the Slave Trade (East African Courts) Act of 1875 if a slave
trade treaty with Persia exists subsequent to that date.- The
Anglo-Persian Treaty of 2nd March 1882 is of the above-
mentioned character, and was, by the Order in Council A regulation issued by the sovereign of Great Britain on the advice of the Privy Council (in modern practice, upon the advice of government ministers). of Gth
. August 1882, ordered to be deemed to be an existing sl^ve
trade-treaty within the meaning of the Slave Trade Act, 1875.
It appears, however, that no Order in Council A regulation issued by the sovereign of Great Britain on the advice of the Privy Council (in modern practice, upon the advice of government ministers). has been enacted
with reference to this treaty, under Section 7 of the Slave
Trade (East African Courts) Act 1875, and in these circumstance .
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*1

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Content

The contents of the file relate to British jurisdiction over the slave trade in the Gulf. Folios 1b-11 are a letter dated 28 January 1914 (with enclosures dating back to June 1913) from the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (John Lorimer) to the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Bahrain (Major Arthur Trevor). The letter refers to a proposal from the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. in London, that the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Bahrain be given legal jurisdiction in slave trade cases arising in the Gulf. A number of the enclosures included with the letter are memoranda exchanged between officials in the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and Foreign Office in London, noting the legal difficulties in providing jurisdiction over the slave trade in the Persian coast and Bahrain courts, because neither are in His Majesty’s dominions, or are an East African court, which already had jurisdiction in slave trade matters (folio 8).

To circumvent these difficulties, a new slave trade treaty with the Shaikh of Bahrain was proposed, under instruction from the Foreign Secretary Sir Edward Grey. Drafts of the new treaty (in English and Arabic, folios 15-18), which was in part based on the 1873 Slave Trade treaty with Muscat and the 1882 Slave Trade Convention with Persia, were forwarded by Trevor to the Resident in March 1914.

Extent and format
1 file (18 folios)
Arrangement

The contents of the file are arranged in approximate chronological order. Enclosures to correspondence are arranged in chronological order after the letter they were enclosed with.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The file is foliated from the front cover to the inside back cover, using circled pencil numbers in the top-right corner of each recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. . The following foliation anomalies occur: 1a, 1b. There is no folio 1 (the front cover is numbered 1a).

There is evidence of insect damage, in the form of holes, throughout the file. This damage is not sufficient to impair the legibility of the file's contents.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File A/7 Draft of slave treaty with Bahrain' [‎9r] (19/40), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/5, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100022983326.0x000014> [accessed 12 December 2019]

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