'File 9/8 Bahrain Levy Corps' [9r] (22/480)
The record is made up of 1 volume (226 folios). It was created in 16 Dec 1923-5 Jul 1926. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
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From - Resident, Bushire#
To - Political, Muscat*
Dated 10th January 1924*
Please deliver following to Captain Aiban. Begins.
It is becoming increasingly evident that Levy Corps should
bo established at Bahrain with least possible delay. Supposing
that Government of India agree to your enlisting and training
men for New Corps# would you be prepared, subject to approval
of Muscat and Bahrain Goverriment^ to lend Indian Officer and
50 or 60 or as many Arabic speaking men as can be spared
to start Corps at Bahrain being gradually replaced as men are
trained? Officer and other ranks would be seconded and Bahrain
would of course pay all expenses. They would have to wear
khaki Arab head dress in Bahrain and not puggaries I expect
otherwise pay equipment etc an right. Trevor. Ends.
No. LfO -S• of 1924. The Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. ,
Copy of the foregoing telegram is forwarded, T^ith
compliments, to the Politic"! Agent, Bahrain, for information
and an expression of his opinion as to desirability of
Bushire, 11th January 1024.
Under Secretary to the
Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf.
About this item
The volume relates to the institution of a Levy Corps in Bahrain, and more specifically to the recruitment, training, equipment (military, non-military) and costs of maintaining the force. The main correspondents in the file are the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Bahrain (Major Clive Daly, or George Mallam as Acting Agent in Daly's absence), the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. (Lieutenant-Colonel Arthur Trevor until April 1924, thereafter Lieutenant-Colonel Francis Prideaux), and Captains A. Campbell and T. H. Geake, Commanding Officers of the Bahrain Levy Corps for the first and second years respectively.
The institution of the Bahrain Levy Corps was set up with the assistance of the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Muscat, and the previously established Muscat Levy Corps, the intention being that the Commandant of the Muscat Levies, Captain Alban, would supervise the new Bahrain Levies, and that the first recruits for the Bahrain Levies be recruited from Muscat. However, the process of recruitment was hampered by Alban becoming ill, and a shortage of suitable men being found. Daly noted, in a letter dated 25 October 1924 that “the enlistment of men was mismanaged - many undesirables were enlisted and many unfit.” (folios 111-112). The main area of concern was the recruitment to the Levies of Persian Makranis. An express letter from Daly to Prideaux, dated 29 May 1925, noted that the Bahrain Levy Corps comprised 46 British subjects, 23 Persian subjects, 39 Muscat subjects, and 1 Yemeni subject (folio 127). This letter followed shortly after an incident, on 25 May 1925, in which one of the Persian Levies at Bahrain murdered two of his colleagues (folio 134). Continuous efforts were made afterwards to reduce the number of Persians in the Bahrain Levies (folios 187, 191).
An annual report for the Bahrain Levy Corps, written by Campbell at the end of his service (July 1925), gives detail on the challenges facing the institution of the Bahrain Levy Corps, its recruitment process, disciplinary record, as well as information on the Bahrain state prison (folios 153-68).
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (226 folios)
The items in the volume have been arranged in approximate chronological order, from the earliest items at the front of the volume to the latest at the end.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: The volume is foliated from the front cover to the inside back cover, using circled pencil numbers in the top-right corner of each recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. . There is an earlier foliation system using blue pencil circled numbers in the top-right corner of rectos, which runs from folios 7 to 26. There are no foliation anomalies.
The following folios are fold-outs: 33, 52, 54, 87-89, 91, 92, 116, 117, 120, 146, 148, 149, 163-66, 208, 209, 219.
- Written in
- English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script View the complete information for this record
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